Document
 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Form 10-Q
 
ý     QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934.
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2018  
 
Or

o     TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934.
For the Transition period from           to           . 
Commission File Number 001-34820
 
KKR & CO. INC.
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter) 
Delaware
 
26-0426107
(State or other Jurisdiction of
Incorporation or Organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification Number)

  9 West 57th Street, Suite 4200
New York, New York 10019
Telephone: (212) 750-8300
(Address, zip code, and telephone number, including
area code, of registrant’s principal executive office.)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ý No o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes ý No o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer x
 
Accelerated filer o
 
Non-accelerated filer o
 
Smaller reporting company o
 
Emerging growth company o
 
 
 
 
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
 
 
 
 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o No ý

As of August 1, 2018, there were 524,765,893 shares of Class A Common Stock of the registrant outstanding.
 



Table of Contents


KKR & CO. INC.
 
FORM 10-Q
 
For the Quarter Ended June 30, 2018
 
INDEX
 
 
Page No.
 
PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
Item 2.
 
 
 
Item 3.
 
 
 
Item 4.
 
 
 
 
PART II - OTHER INFORMATION
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
Item 1A.
 
 
 
Item 2.
 
 
 
Item 3.
 
 
 
Item 4.
 
 
 
Item 5.
 
 
 
Item 6.
 
 
 
 



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CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
 
This report contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the "Securities Act"), and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the "Exchange Act"), which reflect our current views with respect to, among other things, our operations and financial performance. You can identify these forward-looking statements by the use of words such as "outlook," "believe," "expect," "potential," "continue," "may," "should," "seek," "approximately," "predict," "intend," "will," "plan," "estimate," "anticipate," the negative version of these words, other comparable words or other statements that do not relate strictly to historical or factual matters. Without limiting the foregoing, statements regarding the declaration and payment of dividends on common or preferred stock of KKR, the timing, manner and volume of repurchases of common stock pursuant to a repurchase program, and the expected synergies and benefits from acquisitions, reorganizations or strategic partnerships, may constitute forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements are subject to various risks and uncertainties. Accordingly, there are or will be important factors that could cause actual outcomes or results to differ materially from those indicated in these statements or cause the anticipated benefits and synergies from transactions to not be realized. We believe these factors include those described under the section entitled "Risk Factors" in this report, in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017 and in our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2018. These factors should be read in conjunction with the other cautionary statements that are included in this report and in our other filings with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the "SEC"). We do not undertake any obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future developments or otherwise, except as required by law.

 
 
 


On July 1, 2018, we completed our conversion (the "Conversion") from a Delaware limited partnership named KKR & Co. L.P. into a Delaware corporation named KKR & Co. Inc.

In this report, references to "KKR," "we," "us" and "our" refer to (i) KKR & Co. Inc. and its subsidiaries following the Conversion and (ii) KKR & Co. L.P. and its subsidiaries prior to the Conversion, in each case, except where the context requires otherwise. KKR & Co. L.P. became listed on the New York Stock Exchange ("NYSE") on July 15, 2010. KKR Management Holdings L.P., KKR Fund Holdings L.P. and KKR International Holdings L.P. are together referred to in this report as the "KKR Group Partnerships." Each KKR Group Partnership has an identical number of partner interests and, when held together, one Class A partner interest in each of the KKR Group Partnerships together represents one "KKR Group Partnership Unit." In connection with KKR's 6.75% Series A Preferred Stock ("Series A Preferred Stock") and 6.50% Series B Preferred Stock ("Series B Preferred Stock"), the KKR Group Partnerships have outstanding preferred units with economic terms designed to mirror those of the Series A Preferred Stock and Series B Preferred Stock, respectively. References to our Class A common stock, Series A Preferred Stock or Series B Preferred Stock for periods prior to the Conversion mean the common units, Series A preferred units and Series B preferred units of KKR & Co. L.P., respectively.

References to the "Class B Stockholder" are to KKR Management LLC, the holder of the sole share of our Class B common stock, and unless otherwise indicated, references to equity interests in KKR's business, or to percentage interests in KKR's business, reflect the aggregate equity interests in the KKR Group Partnerships and are net of amounts that have been allocated to our principals and other employees and non-employee operating consultants in respect of the carried interest from KKR's business as part of our "carry pool" and certain minority interests. References to "principals" are to our senior employees and non-employee operating consultants who hold interests in KKR's business through KKR Holdings L.P. ("KKR Holdings") and references to our "senior principals" are to our senior employees who hold interests in the Class B Stockholder entitling them to vote for the election of its directors.

References to "non-employee operating consultants" include employees of KKR Capstone, who are not employees of KKR. KKR Capstone refers to a group of entities that are owned and controlled by their senior management. KKR Capstone is not a subsidiary or affiliate of KKR. KKR Capstone operates under several consulting agreements with KKR and uses the "KKR" name under license from KKR.

In this report, the term "GAAP" refers to accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

We disclose certain financial measures in this report that are calculated and presented using methodologies other than in accordance with GAAP. We believe that providing these performance measures on a supplemental basis to our GAAP results is helpful to stockholders in assessing the overall performance of KKR's businesses. These financial measures should not be considered as a substitute for similar financial measures calculated in accordance with GAAP, if available. We caution readers

3

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that these non-GAAP financial measures may differ from the calculations of other investment managers, and as a result, may not be comparable to similar measures presented by other investment managers. Reconciliations of these non-GAAP financial measures to the most directly comparable financial measures calculated and presented in accordance with GAAP, where applicable, are included within Note 14 "Segment Reporting" to our condensed consolidated financial statements and under "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—Key Segment and Other Operating and Performance Measures" and "—Segment Balance Sheet."

This report uses the terms assets under management ("AUM"), fee paying assets under management ("FPAUM"), after-tax distributable earnings, fee related earnings ("FRE"), capital invested, syndicated capital and book value. You should note that our calculations of these financial measures and other financial measures may differ from the calculations of other investment managers and, as a result, our financial measures may not be comparable to similar measures presented by other investment managers. These and other financial measures are defined in the section "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—Key Segment and Other Operating and Performance Measures" and "—Segment Balance Sheet."

References to our "funds" or our "vehicles" refer to investment funds, vehicles and accounts advised, sponsored or managed by one or more subsidiaries of KKR, including collateralized loan obligations ("CLOs") and commercial real estate mortgage-backed securities ("CMBS") vehicles, unless the context requires otherwise. They do not include investment funds, vehicles or accounts of any hedge fund manager with which we have formed a strategic partnership where we have acquired a non-controlling interest.

Unless otherwise indicated, references in this report to our fully exchanged and diluted Class A common stock outstanding, or to our Class A common stock outstanding on a fully exchanged and diluted basis, reflect (i) actual Class A common stock outstanding, (ii) Class A common stock into which KKR Group Partnership Units not held by us are exchangeable pursuant to the terms of the exchange agreement described in this report, (iii) Class A common stock issuable in respect of exchangeable equity securities issued in connection with the acquisition of Avoca Capital ("Avoca"), and (iv) Class A common stock issuable pursuant to any equity awards actually granted from the Amended and Restated KKR & Co. Inc. 2010 Equity Incentive Plan (our "Equity Incentive Plan"). Our fully exchanged and diluted Class A common stock outstanding does not include (i) Class A common stock available for issuance pursuant to our Equity Incentive Plan for which equity awards have not yet been granted and (ii) Class A common stock that we have the option to issue in connection with our acquisition of additional interests in Marshall Wace LLP (together with its affiliates, "Marshall Wace"). 


4

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KKR & CO. L.P.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION (UNAUDITED)
 (Amounts in Thousands, Except Unit Data)
 
 
June 30,
2018
 
December 31,
2017
Assets
 

 
 

Cash and Cash Equivalents
$
2,065,172

 
$
1,876,687

Cash and Cash Equivalents Held at Consolidated Entities
1,139,498

 
1,802,372

Restricted Cash and Cash Equivalents
76,967

 
56,302

Investments
42,622,545

 
39,013,934

Due from Affiliates
614,592

 
554,349

Other Assets
2,053,890

 
2,531,075

Total Assets
$
48,572,664

 
$
45,834,719

 
 
 
 
Liabilities and Equity
 

 
 

Debt Obligations
$
19,972,383

 
$
21,193,859

Due to Affiliates
259,259

 
323,810

Accounts Payable, Accrued Expenses and Other Liabilities
4,053,832

 
3,654,250

Total Liabilities
24,285,474

 
25,171,919

 
 
 
 
Commitments and Contingencies

 


 
 
 
 
Redeemable Noncontrolling Interests
962,147

 
610,540

 
 
 
 
Equity
 

 
 

Series A Preferred Units
   (13,800,000 units issued and outstanding as of June 30, 2018
   and December 31, 2017)
332,988

 
332,988

Series B Preferred Units
   (6,200,000 units issued and outstanding as of June 30, 2018
   and December 31, 2017)
149,566

 
149,566

KKR & Co. L.P. Capital - Common Unitholders
   (524,341,874 and 486,174,736 common units issued and outstanding
   as of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively)
7,909,830

 
6,703,382

Total KKR & Co. L.P. Partners' Capital
8,392,384

 
7,185,936

Noncontrolling Interests
14,932,659

 
12,866,324

Total Equity
23,325,043

 
20,052,260

Total Liabilities and Equity
$
48,572,664

 
$
45,834,719

 
See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.


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KKR & CO. L.P.
 CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION (Continued) (UNAUDITED)
 (Amounts in Thousands)
 
The following presents the portion of the consolidated balances presented in the condensed consolidated statements of financial condition attributable to consolidated variable interest entities ("VIEs") as of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017. KKR's consolidated VIEs consist primarily of certain collateralized financing entities ("CFEs") holding collateralized loan obligations ("CLOs") and commercial real estate mortgage-backed securities ("CMBS") and certain investment funds. With respect to consolidated VIEs, the following assets may only be used to settle obligations of these consolidated VIEs and the following liabilities are only the obligations of these consolidated VIEs. The noteholders, limited partners and other creditors of these VIEs have no recourse to KKR's general assets. Additionally, KKR has no right to the benefits from, nor does KKR bear the risks associated with, the assets held by these VIEs beyond KKR's beneficial interest therein and any income generated from the VIEs. There are neither explicit arrangements nor does KKR hold implicit variable interests that would require KKR to provide any material ongoing financial support to the consolidated VIEs, beyond amounts previously committed, if any.
 
June 30, 2018
 
Consolidated CFEs
 
Consolidated KKR Funds and Other Entities
 
Total
Assets
 
 
 

 
 
Cash and Cash Equivalents Held at Consolidated Entities
$
881,949

 
$
212,076

 
$
1,094,025

Restricted Cash and Cash Equivalents

 
54,270

 
54,270

Investments
13,368,099

 
13,969,106

 
27,337,205

Due from Affiliates

 
6,178

 
6,178

Other Assets
195,045

 
209,807

 
404,852

Total Assets
$
14,445,093

 
$
14,451,437

 
$
28,896,530

 
 
 
 

 
 
Liabilities
 
 
 

 
 
Debt Obligations
$
12,608,642

 
$
1,023,347

 
$
13,631,989

Accounts Payable, Accrued Expenses and Other Liabilities
1,224,506

 
206,741

 
1,431,247

Total Liabilities
$
13,833,148

 
$
1,230,088

 
$
15,063,236

 

 
December 31, 2017
 
Consolidated CFEs
 
Consolidated KKR Funds and Other Entities
 
Total
Assets
 
 
 

 
 
Cash and Cash Equivalents Held at Consolidated Entities
$
1,467,829

 
$
231,423

 
$
1,699,252

Restricted Cash and Cash Equivalents

 
21,255

 
21,255

Investments
15,573,203

 
9,408,967

 
24,982,170

Due from Affiliates

 
23,562

 
23,562

Other Assets
176,572

 
168,003

 
344,575

Total Assets
$
17,217,604

 
$
9,853,210

 
$
27,070,814

 
 
 
 

 
 
Liabilities
 
 
 

 
 
Debt Obligations
$
15,586,216

 
$
770,350

 
$
16,356,566

Accounts Payable, Accrued Expenses and Other Liabilities
923,494

 
243,660

 
1,167,154

Total Liabilities
$
16,509,710

 
$
1,014,010

 
$
17,523,720


See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

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KKR & CO. L.P.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS (UNAUDITED)
(Amounts in Thousands, Except Unit Data) 

 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2018

2017
 
2018

2017
Revenues
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fees and Other
$
413,846

 
$
380,785

 
$
808,240

 
$
760,964

Capital Allocation-Based Income
557,774

 
635,015

 
635,986

 
1,022,591

Total Revenues
971,620

 
1,015,800

 
1,444,226

 
1,783,555

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Expenses
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Compensation and Benefits
472,500

 
462,841

 
770,636

 
865,804

Occupancy and Related Charges
15,322

 
14,032

 
29,537

 
28,883

General, Administrative and Other
187,228

 
152,855

 
311,478

 
275,055

Total Expenses
675,050

 
629,728

 
1,111,651

 
1,169,742

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Investment Income (Loss)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net Gains (Losses) from Investment Activities
1,116,587

 
334,416

 
1,589,387

 
841,061

Dividend Income
66,344

 
69,446

 
99,408

 
79,370

Interest Income
351,705

 
295,718

 
649,961

 
576,698

Interest Expense
(203,850
)
 
(198,590
)
 
(423,440
)
 
(385,444
)
Total Investment Income (Loss)
1,330,786

 
500,990

 
1,915,316

 
1,111,685

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income (Loss) Before Taxes
1,627,356

 
887,062

 
2,247,891

 
1,725,498

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income Taxes
60,960

 
18,538

 
78,601

 
59,080

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net Income (Loss)
1,566,396

 
868,524

 
2,169,290

 
1,666,418

Net Income (Loss) Attributable to Redeemable Noncontrolling Interests
(18,016
)
 
22,387

 
7,658

 
43,320

Net Income (Loss) Attributable to Noncontrolling Interests
895,690

 
432,150

 
1,294,467

 
941,427

Net Income (Loss) Attributable to KKR & Co. L.P.
688,722

 
413,987

 
867,165

 
681,671

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net Income Attributable to Series A Preferred Unitholders
5,822

 
5,822

 
11,644

 
11,644

Net Income Attributable to Series B Preferred Unitholders
2,519

 
2,519

 
5,038

 
5,038

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net Income (Loss) Attributable to KKR & Co. L.P. Common Unitholders
$
680,381

 
$
405,646

 
$
850,483

 
$
664,989

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net Income (Loss) Attributable to KKR & Co. L.P. Per Common Unit
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
$
1.33

 
$
0.87

 
$
1.71

 
$
1.45

Diluted
$
1.24

 
$
0.81

 
$
1.57

 
$
1.33

Weighted Average Common Units Outstanding
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
510,586,631

 
466,170,025

 
499,208,944

 
459,967,395

Diluted
548,745,498

 
501,177,423

 
542,367,320

 
498,943,294


See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

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KKR & CO. L.P.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS) (UNAUDITED)
(Amounts in Thousands)
 
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Net Income (Loss)
$
1,566,396

 
$
868,524

 
$
2,169,290

 
$
1,666,418

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other Comprehensive Income (Loss), Net of Tax:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign Currency Translation Adjustments
(27,537
)
 
20,520

 
(23,913
)
 
37,096

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Comprehensive Income (Loss)
1,538,859

 
889,044

 
2,145,377

 
1,703,514

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Less: Comprehensive Income (Loss) Attributable to Redeemable Noncontrolling Interests
(18,016
)
 
22,387

 
7,658

 
43,320

Less: Comprehensive Income (Loss) Attributable to Noncontrolling Interests
881,741

 
441,638

 
1,279,791

 
961,747

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Comprehensive Income (Loss) Attributable to
KKR & Co. L.P.
$
675,134

 
$
425,019

 
$
857,928

 
$
698,447

 
See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

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KKR & CO. L.P.
 CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN EQUITY (UNAUDITED)
 (Amounts in Thousands, Except Unit Data)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
KKR & Co. L.P.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Common
Units
Capital -
Common
Unitholders
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
Total
Capital -
Common
Units
Capital -
Series A
Preferred
Units
Capital -
Series B
Preferred
Units
 
Noncontrolling
Interests
 
Total
Equity
 
Redeemable
Noncontrolling
Interests
Balance at January 1, 2017
452,380,335

$
5,506,375

$
(49,096
)
$
5,457,279

$
332,988

$
149,566

 
$
10,545,902

 
$
16,485,735

 
$
632,348

Net Income (Loss)
 

664,989

 

664,989

11,644

5,038

 
941,427

 
1,623,098

 
43,320

Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)- Foreign Currency Translation (Net of Tax)
 

 

16,776

16,776

 
 
 
20,320

 
37,096

 
 

Changes in Consolidation
 
 
 

 
 
 
(71,657
)
 
(71,657
)
 
(315,057
)
Transfer of interests under common control
(See Note 15 "Equity")
 
12,269

(1,988
)
10,281

 
 
 
(10,281
)
 

 
 
Exchange of KKR Holdings L.P. Units and Other Securities to KKR & Co. L.P. Common Units
11,361,012

154,789

(1,315
)
153,474

 
 
 
(153,474
)
 

 
 

Tax Effects Resulting from Exchange of KKR Holdings L.P. Units
 

2,605

424

3,029

 
 
 
 

 
3,029

 
 

Net Delivery of Common Units - Equity Incentive Plan
6,226,836

(37,304
)
 
(37,304
)
 
 
 
 
 
(37,304
)
 
 
Equity-Based and Other Non-Cash Compensation
 

94,919

 

94,919

 
 
 
104,057

 
198,976

 
 
Capital Contributions
 

 
 


 
 
 
1,759,873

 
1,759,873

 
152,222

Capital Distributions
 

(150,887
)
 

(150,887
)
(11,644
)
(5,038
)
 
(801,399
)
 
(968,968
)
 
(352
)
Balance at June 30, 2017
469,968,183

$
6,247,755

$
(35,199
)
$
6,212,556

$
332,988

$
149,566

 
$
12,334,768

 
$
19,029,878

 
$
512,481


 
KKR & Co. L.P.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Common
Units
Capital -
Common
Unitholders
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
Total
Capital -
Common
Units
Capital -
Series A
Preferred
Units
Capital -
Series B
Preferred
Units
 
Noncontrolling
Interests
 
Total
Equity
 
Redeemable
Noncontrolling
Interests
Balance at January 1, 2018
486,174,736

$
6,722,863

$
(19,481
)
$
6,703,382

$
332,988

$
149,566

 
$
12,866,324

 
$
20,052,260

 
$
610,540

Net Income (Loss)
 

850,483

 

850,483

11,644

5,038

 
1,294,467

 
2,161,632

 
7,658

Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)- Foreign Currency Translation (Net of Tax)
 

 

(9,237
)
(9,237
)
 
 
 
(14,676
)
 
(23,913
)
 
 

Changes in Consolidation
 
 
 

 
 
 
370,307

 
370,307

 


Exchange of KKR Holdings L.P. Units and Other Securities to KKR & Co. L.P. Common Units
32,722,098

507,470

(1,998
)
505,472

 
 
 
(505,472
)
 

 
 

Tax Effects Resulting from Exchange of KKR Holdings L.P. Units and Other
 

6,448

17

6,465

 
 
 
 

 
6,465

 
 

Net Delivery of Common Units - Equity Incentive Plan
7,652,340

(53,439
)
 
(53,439
)
 
 
 
 
 
(53,439
)
 
 
Equity-Based and Other Non-Cash Compensation
 

125,994

 

125,994

 
 
 
61,942

 
187,936

 
 
Unit Repurchases
(2,207,300
)
(52,212
)
 
(52,212
)
 
 
 
 
 
(52,212
)
 
 
Capital Contributions
 

 
 


 
 
 
2,410,722

 
2,410,722

 
349,451

Capital Distributions
 

(167,078
)
 

(167,078
)
(11,644
)
(5,038
)
 
(1,550,955
)
 
(1,734,715
)
 
(5,502
)
Balance at June 30, 2018
524,341,874

$
7,940,529

$
(30,699
)
$
7,909,830

$
332,988

$
149,566

 
$
14,932,659

 
$
23,325,043

 
$
962,147


See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

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KKR & CO. L.P.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (UNAUDITED)
(Amounts in Thousands)
 
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2018
 
2017
Operating Activities
 

 
 

Net Income (Loss)
$
2,169,290

 
$
1,666,418

Adjustments to Reconcile Net Income (Loss) to Net Cash Provided (Used) by Operating Activities:


 
 

Equity-Based and Other Non-Cash Compensation
180,844

 
198,976

Net Realized (Gains) Losses on Investments
(185,164
)
 
(44,752
)
Change in Unrealized (Gains) Losses on Investments
(1,404,223
)
 
(796,309
)
Capital Allocation-Based Income
(635,986
)
 
(1,022,591
)
Other Non-Cash Amounts
29,942

 
34,447

Cash Flows Due to Changes in Operating Assets and Liabilities:


 
 

Change in Consolidation and Other

 
(2,244
)
Change in Due from / to Affiliates
(128,841
)
 
(124,400
)
Change in Other Assets
437,096

 
146,267

Change in Accounts Payable, Accrued Expenses and Other Liabilities
373,360

 
883,099

Investments Purchased
(20,677,349
)
 
(22,853,278
)
Proceeds from Investments
15,302,724

 
19,852,232

Net Cash Provided (Used) by Operating Activities
(4,538,307
)
 
(2,062,135
)
 
 
 
 
Investing Activities
 

 
 

Purchase of Fixed Assets
(45,188
)
 
(48,239
)
Development of Oil and Natural Gas Properties

 
(1,111
)
Proceeds from Sale of Oil and Natural Gas Properties
26,630

 

Net Cash Provided (Used) by Investing Activities
(18,558
)
 
(49,350
)
 
 
 
 
Financing Activities
 

 
 

Distributions to Partners
(167,078
)
 
(150,887
)
Distributions to Redeemable Noncontrolling Interests
(5,502
)
 
(352
)
Contributions from Redeemable Noncontrolling Interests
349,451

 
152,222

Distributions to Noncontrolling Interests
(1,550,955
)
 
(801,399
)
Contributions from Noncontrolling Interests
2,410,722

 
1,755,608

Preferred Unit Distributions
(16,682
)
 
(16,682
)
Net Delivery of Common Units - Equity Incentive Plan
(53,439
)
 
(37,304
)
Unit Repurchases
(52,212
)
 

Proceeds from Debt Obligations
8,932,645

 
5,297,648

Repayment of Debt Obligations
(5,708,987
)
 
(4,763,930
)
Financing Costs Paid
(22,884
)
 
(8,096
)
Net Cash Provided (Used) by Financing Activities
4,115,079

 
1,426,828

 
 
 
 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash
(11,938
)
 
50,910

 
 
 
 
Net Increase/(Decrease) in Cash, Cash Equivalents and Restricted Cash
(453,724
)
 
(633,747
)
Cash, Cash Equivalents and Restricted Cash, Beginning of Period
3,735,361

 
4,345,815

Cash, Cash Equivalents and Restricted Cash, End of Period
$
3,281,637

 
$
3,712,068

 
See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

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Table of Contents


KKR & CO. L.P.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (UNAUDITED) (Continued)
(Amounts in Thousands)

 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2018
 
2017
Supplemental Disclosures of Cash Flow Information
 

 
 

Payments for Interest
$
380,413

 
$
369,666

Payments for Income Taxes
$
36,476

 
$
22,828

Supplemental Disclosures of Non-Cash Investing and Financing Activities


 
 

Equity-Based and Other Non-Cash Contributions
$
187,936

 
$
198,976

Non-Cash Contributions from Noncontrolling Interests
$

 
$
4,265

Debt Obligations - Net Gains (Losses), Translation and Other
$
373,625

 
$
(352,664
)
Tax Effects Resulting from Exchange of KKR Holdings L.P. Units and delivery of KKR & Co. L.P. Common Units
$
6,465

 
$
3,029

Gain on Sale of Oil and Natural Gas Properties
$
15,224

 
$

 


 
 
Change in Consolidation and Other


 
 
Investments
$
(3,054,090
)
 
$
(174,906
)
Due From Affiliates
$

 
$
(3,536
)
Other Assets
$
(114,770
)
 
$
(298,097
)
Debt Obligations
$
(4,049,685
)
 
$

Accounts Payable, Accrued Expenses and Other Liabilities
$
197,874

 
$
(114,573
)
Noncontrolling Interests
$
370,307

 
$
(71,657
)
Redeemable Noncontrolling Interests
$

 
$
(315,057
)
Gain on Asset Contribution
$
312,644

 
$

 
 
 
 
 
June 30,
2018
 
December 31,
2017
Reconciliation to the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Financial Condition
 
 
 
Cash and Cash Equivalents
$
2,065,172

 
$
1,876,687

Cash and Cash Equivalents Held at Consolidated Entities
1,139,498

 
1,802,372

Restricted Cash and Cash Equivalents
76,967

 
56,302

Cash, Cash Equivalents and Restricted Cash, End of Period
$
3,281,637

 
$
3,735,361

 
See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.


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Table of Contents


KKR & CO. L.P.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
(All Amounts in Thousands, Except Unit, Per Unit Data, and Except Where Noted)

1. ORGANIZATION
 
Effective on July 1, 2018, KKR & Co. L.P. converted from a Delaware limited partnership to a Delaware corporation named KKR & Co. Inc. (the "Conversion"). As a result of the Conversion, each KKR & Co. L.P. common unit was converted into a share of Class A common stock of KKR & Co. Inc., and each 6.75% Series A Preferred Unit and 6.50% Series B Preferred Unit of KKR & Co. L.P. was converted into a share of 6.75% Series A Preferred Stock and 6.50% Series B Preferred Stock of KKR & Co. Inc., respectively. Under the laws of the state of its incorporation, KKR & Co. Inc. is deemed to be the same entity as KKR & Co. L.P. Because the Conversion became effective on July 1, 2018, the accompanying financial statements as of and for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 and related notes reflect KKR as a limited partnership and not a corporation.

In connection with the Conversion, a wholly-owned subsidiary of KKR & Co. Inc., KKR Group Holdings Corp., became (i) a general partner of KKR Fund Holdings L.P. ("Fund Holdings") and KKR International Holdings L.P. ("International Holdings") and (ii) the sole stockholder of KKR Management Holdings Corp. (the general partner of KKR Management Holdings L.P. ("Management Holdings")) and KKR Fund Holdings GP Limited (the other general partner of Fund Holdings and International Holdings). In addition, certain wholly-owned subsidiaries of KKR & Co. Inc., namely KKR Group Holdings L.P. ("Group Holdings"), KKR Group Limited (the general partner of Group Holdings), KKR Subsidiary Corp. ("Subsidiary Corp.") and KKR Subsidiary Partnership L.P. ("Subsidiary Partnership"), were either merged into another wholly-owned subsidiary of KKR & Co. Inc. or entered into a plan of dissolution.

KKR & Co. L.P., together with its consolidated subsidiaries ("KKR"), is a leading global investment firm that manages multiple alternative asset classes including private equity, energy, infrastructure, real estate and credit, with strategic manager partnerships that manage hedge funds. KKR aims to generate attractive investment returns for its fund investors by following a patient and disciplined investment approach, employing world-class people, and driving growth and value creation with KKR's portfolio companies. KKR invests its own capital alongside the capital it manages for fund investors and provides financing solutions and investment opportunities through its capital markets business.
 
KKR & Co. L.P. was formed as a Delaware limited partnership on June 25, 2007 and its general partner was KKR Management LLC (the "Managing Partner"). KKR & Co. L.P. was the parent company of KKR Group Limited, which was the non-economic general partner of Group Holdings, and KKR & Co. L.P. was the sole limited partner of Group Holdings. Group Holdings held a controlling economic interest in each of (i) Management Holdings through KKR Management Holdings Corp., a Delaware corporation which is a domestic corporation for U.S. federal income tax purposes, (ii) Fund Holdings directly and through KKR Fund Holdings GP Limited, a Cayman Island limited company which is a disregarded entity for U.S. federal income tax purposes, and (iii) International Holdings directly and through KKR Fund Holdings GP Limited. Group Holdings also owned certain economic interests in Management Holdings through Subsidiary Corp., a wholly owned Delaware corporate subsidiary of KKR Management Holdings Corp., and certain economic interests in Fund Holdings through Subsidiary Partnership, a Delaware partnership of which Group Holdings was the general partner with a 99% economic interest and KKR Management Holdings Corp. was a limited partner with a 1% economic interest. KKR & Co. L.P., through its indirect controlling economic interests in Fund Holdings, Management Holdings and International Holdings (together, the "KKR Group Partnerships"), was the holding partnership for the KKR business.
 
KKR & Co. L.P. both indirectly controlled the KKR Group Partnerships and indirectly held Class A partner units in each KKR Group Partnership (collectively, "KKR Group Partnership Units") representing economic interests in KKR's business. The remaining KKR Group Partnership Units are held by KKR Holdings L.P. ("KKR Holdings"), which is not a subsidiary of KKR. As of June 30, 2018, KKR & Co. L.P. held approximately 63.3% of the KKR Group Partnership Units and principals through KKR Holdings held approximately 36.7% of the KKR Group Partnership Units. The percentage ownership in the KKR Group Partnerships will continue to change as KKR Holdings and/or principals exchange units in the KKR Group Partnerships for KKR & Co. L.P. common units (or shares of Class A common stock of KKR & Co. Inc.) or when KKR & Co. L.P. (or KKR & Co. Inc.) otherwise issues or repurchases KKR & Co. L.P. common units (or shares of Class A common stock of KKR & Co. Inc.). The KKR Group Partnerships also have outstanding equity interests that provide for the carry pool and preferred units with economic terms that mirror the preferred units issued by KKR & Co. L.P.


12

Table of Contents


Sale of Controlling Beneficial Interests in CMBS Vehicles

In April 2018, a consolidated entity of KKR sold its controlling beneficial interest in four consolidated CMBS vehicles. As a result of this sale, KKR deconsolidated these CMBS vehicles, resulting in a reduction in investments and debt obligations of $4.1 billion and $4.0 billion, respectively. As of June 30, 2018, KKR continues to consolidate one CMBS vehicle.

2. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
 
Basis of Presentation
 
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of KKR & Co. L.P. have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ("GAAP") for interim financial information and the instructions to Form 10-Q. The condensed consolidated financial statements (referred to hereafter as the "financial statements"), including these notes, are unaudited and exclude some of the disclosures required in annual financial statements. Management believes it has made all necessary adjustments (consisting of only normal recurring items) such that the financial statements are presented fairly and that estimates made in preparing the financial statements are reasonable and prudent. The operating results presented for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for any other interim period or for the entire year. The December 31, 2017 condensed consolidated balance sheet data was derived from audited consolidated financial statements included in KKR & Co. L.P.’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017, which include all disclosures required by GAAP. These financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements included in KKR & Co. L.P.’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC").

KKR & Co. L.P. consolidates the financial results of the KKR Group Partnerships and their consolidated entities, which include the accounts of KKR's investment management and capital markets companies, the general partners of certain unconsolidated investment funds, general partners of consolidated investment funds and their respective consolidated investment funds and certain other entities including CFEs. References in the accompanying financial statements to "principals" are to KKR's senior employees and non-employee operating consultants who hold interests in KKR's business through KKR Holdings.
All intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated.
Use of Estimates
 
The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues, expenses and investment income (loss) during the reporting periods. Such estimates include but are not limited to the valuation of investments and financial instruments. Actual results could differ from those estimates, and such differences could be material to the financial statements.
 
Principles of Consolidation
 
The types of entities KKR assesses for consolidation include (i) subsidiaries, including management companies, broker-dealers and general partners of investment funds that KKR manages, (ii) entities that have all the attributes of an investment company, like investment funds, (iii) CFEs and (iv) other entities, including entities that employ non-employee operating consultants. Each of these entities is assessed for consolidation on a case by case basis depending on the specific facts and circumstances surrounding that entity.

Pursuant to its consolidation policy, KKR first considers whether an entity is considered a VIE and therefore whether to apply the consolidation guidance under the VIE model. Entities that do not qualify as VIEs are assessed for consolidation as voting interest entities ("VOEs") under the voting interest model.

KKR's funds are, for GAAP purposes, investment companies and therefore are not required to consolidate their investments in portfolio companies even if majority-owned and controlled. Rather, the consolidated funds and vehicles reflect their investments at fair value as described below in "Fair Value Measurements."

An entity in which KKR holds a variable interest is a VIE if any one of the following conditions exist: (a) the total equity investment at risk is not sufficient to permit the legal entity to finance its activities without additional subordinated financial support, (b) the holders of the equity investment at risk (as a group) lack either the direct or indirect ability through voting

13

Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

rights or similar rights to make decisions about a legal entity's activities that have a significant effect on the success of the legal entity or the obligation to absorb the expected losses or right to receive the expected residual returns, or (c) the voting rights of some investors are disproportionate to their obligation to absorb the expected losses of the legal entity, their rights to receive the expected residual returns of the legal entity, or both and substantially all of the legal entity's activities either involve or are conducted on behalf of an investor with disproportionately few voting rights. Limited partnerships and other similar entities where unaffiliated limited partners have not been granted (i) substantive participatory rights or (ii) substantive rights to either dissolve the partnership or remove the general partner ("kick-out rights") are VIEs under condition (b) above. KKR's investment funds that are not CFEs (i) are generally limited partnerships, (ii) generally provide KKR with operational discretion and control and (iii) generally have fund investors with no substantive rights to impact ongoing governance and operating activities of the fund, including the ability to remove the general partner, and as such the limited partners do not hold kick-out rights. Accordingly, most of KKR's investment funds are categorized as VIEs.

KKR consolidates all VIEs in which it is the primary beneficiary. A reporting entity is determined to be the primary beneficiary if it holds a controlling financial interest in a VIE. A controlling financial interest is defined as (a) the power to direct the activities of a VIE that most significantly impact the VIE's economic performance and (b) the obligation to absorb losses of the VIE that could potentially be significant to the VIE or the right to receive benefits from the VIE that could potentially be significant to the VIE. The consolidation guidance requires an analysis to determine (i) whether an entity in which KKR holds a variable interest is a VIE and (ii) whether KKR's involvement, through holding interests directly or indirectly in the entity or contractually through other variable interests (for example, management and performance related fees), would give it a controlling financial interest. Performance of that analysis requires the exercise of judgment. Fees earned by KKR that are customary and commensurate with the level of effort required to provide those services, and where KKR does not hold other economic interests in the entity that would absorb more than an insignificant amount of the expected losses or returns of the entity, would not be considered variable interests. KKR factors in all economic interests including interests held through related parties, to determine if it holds a variable interest. KKR determines whether it is the primary beneficiary of a VIE at the time it becomes involved with a VIE and reconsiders that conclusion periodically.

For entities that are determined not to be VIEs, these entities are generally considered VOEs and are evaluated under the voting interest model. KKR consolidates VOEs it controls through a majority voting interest or through other means.

The consolidation assessment, including the determination as to whether an entity qualifies as a VIE or VOE depends on the facts and circumstances surrounding each entity and therefore certain of KKR's investment funds may qualify as VIEs whereas others may qualify as VOEs.

With respect to CLOs (which are generally VIEs), in its role as collateral manager, KKR generally has the power to direct the activities of the CLO that most significantly impact the economic performance of the entity. In some, but not all cases, KKR, through its residual interest in the CLO may have variable interests that represent an obligation to absorb losses of, or a right to receive benefits from, the CLO that could potentially be significant to the CLO. In cases where KKR has both the power to direct the activities of the CLO that most significantly impact the CLO's economic performance and the obligation to absorb losses of the CLO or the right to receive benefits from the CLO that could potentially be significant to the CLO, KKR is deemed to be the primary beneficiary and consolidates the CLO.

With respect to CMBS vehicles (which are generally VIEs), KKR holds unrated and non-investment grade rated securities issued by the CMBS, which are the most subordinate tranche of the CMBS vehicle. The economic performance of the CMBS is most significantly impacted by the performance of the underlying assets. Thus, the activities that most significantly impact the CMBS economic performance are the activities that most significantly impact the performance of the underlying assets. The special servicer has the ability to manage the CMBS assets that are delinquent or in default to improve the economic performance of the CMBS. KKR generally has the right to unilaterally appoint and remove the special servicer for the CMBS and as such is considered the controlling class of the CMBS vehicle. These rights give KKR the ability to direct the activities that most significantly impact the economic performance of the CMBS. Additionally, as the holder of the most subordinate tranche, KKR is in a first loss position and has the right to receive benefits, including the actual residual returns of the CMBS, if any. In these cases, KKR is deemed to be the primary beneficiary and consolidates the CMBS vehicle.


14

Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

Redeemable Noncontrolling Interests
 
Redeemable Noncontrolling Interests represent noncontrolling interests of certain investment funds and vehicles that are subject to periodic redemption by fund investors following the expiration of a specified period of time (typically one year), or may be withdrawn subject to a redemption fee during the period when capital may not be otherwise withdrawn. Fund investors interests subject to redemption as described above are presented as Redeemable Noncontrolling Interests in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of financial condition and presented as Net Income (Loss) Attributable to Redeemable Noncontrolling Interests in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations.
 
When redeemable amounts become legally payable to fund investors, they are classified as a liability and included in Accounts Payable, Accrued Expenses and Other Liabilities in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of financial condition. For all consolidated investment vehicles and funds in which redemption rights have not been granted, noncontrolling interests are presented within Equity in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of financial condition as noncontrolling interests.

Noncontrolling Interests
 
Noncontrolling interests represent (i) noncontrolling interests in consolidated entities and (ii) noncontrolling interests held by KKR Holdings.
 
Noncontrolling Interests in Consolidated Entities
 
Noncontrolling interests in consolidated entities represent the non-redeemable ownership interests in KKR that are held primarily by:
 
(i)
third party fund investors in KKR's funds;
(ii)
third parties entitled to up to 1% of the carried interest received by certain general partners of KKR's funds that have made investments on or prior to December 31, 2015;
(iii)
certain former principals and their designees representing a portion of the carried interest received by the general partners of KKR's private equity funds that was allocated to them with respect to private equity investments made during such former principals' tenure with KKR prior to October 1, 2009;
(iv)
certain principals and former principals representing all of the capital invested by or on behalf of the general partners of KKR's private equity funds prior to October 1, 2009 and any returns thereon;
(v)
third parties in KKR's capital markets business line and
(vi)
holders of exchangeable equity securities representing ownership interests in a subsidiary of a KKR Group Partnership issued in connection with the acquisition of Avoca Capital ("Avoca").

On January 16, 2018, KKR Financial Holdings LLC ("KFN") completed the redemption of all of its outstanding 7.375% Series A LLC Preferred Shares.

Noncontrolling Interests held by KKR Holdings
 
Noncontrolling interests held by KKR Holdings include economic interests held by principals in the KKR Group Partnerships. Such principals receive financial benefits from KKR's business in the form of distributions received from KKR Holdings and through their direct and indirect participation in the value of KKR Group Partnership Units held by KKR Holdings. These financial benefits are not paid by KKR & Co. L.P. and are borne by KKR Holdings.
 

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Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

The following table presents the calculation of noncontrolling interests held by KKR Holdings:
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Balance at the beginning of the period
$
4,859,412

 
$
4,491,197

 
$
4,793,475

 
$
4,293,337

Net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests held by KKR Holdings (1)
449,859

 
305,280

 
570,861

 
521,712

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax (2)
(9,554
)
 
8,833

 
(6,411
)
 
13,753

Impact of the exchange of KKR Holdings units to KKR & Co. L.P. common units (3) 
(451,679
)
 
(104,797
)
 
(485,454
)
 
(140,701
)
Equity-based and other non-cash compensation
29,247

 
42,964

 
61,942

 
104,057

Capital contributions
1,539

 
2,913

 
1,578

 
2,950

Capital distributions
(58,317
)
 
(62,717
)
 
(115,484
)
 
(119,354
)
Transfer of interests under common control and Other (See Note 15 "Equity")

 

 

 
7,919

Balance at the end of the period
$
4,820,507

 
$
4,683,673

 
$
4,820,507

 
$
4,683,673

(1)
Refer to the table below for calculation of net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests held by KKR Holdings.
(2)
Calculated on a pro rata basis based on the weighted average KKR Group Partnership Units held by KKR Holdings during the reporting period. 
(3)
Calculated based on the proportion of KKR Holdings units exchanged for KKR & Co. L.P. common units pursuant to the exchange agreement during the reporting period. The exchange agreement provides for the exchange of KKR Group Partnership Units held by KKR Holdings for KKR & Co. L.P. common units.

Net income (loss) attributable to KKR & Co. L.P. Common Unitholders and KKR Holdings, with the exception of certain tax assets and liabilities that are directly allocable to KKR Management Holdings Corp., is attributed based on the percentage of the weighted average KKR Group Partnership Units held by KKR and KKR Holdings, each of which holds equity of the KKR Group Partnerships. However, primarily because of the (i) contribution of certain expenses borne entirely by KKR Holdings, (ii) the periodic exchange of KKR Holdings units for KKR & Co. L.P. common units pursuant to the exchange agreement and (iii) the contribution of certain expenses borne entirely by KKR associated with the KKR & Co. L.P. 2010 Equity Incentive Plan ("Equity Incentive Plan"), equity allocations shown in the condensed consolidated statement of changes in equity differ from their respective pro rata ownership interests in KKR's net assets.
The following table presents net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests held by KKR Holdings:
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Net income (loss)
$
1,566,396

 
$
868,524

 
$
2,169,290

 
$
1,666,418

Less: Net income (loss) attributable to Redeemable Noncontrolling Interests
(18,016
)
 
22,387

 
7,658

 
43,320

Less: Net income (loss) attributable to Noncontrolling Interests in consolidated entities
445,831

 
126,870

 
723,606

 
419,715

Less: Net income (loss) attributable to Series A and Series B Preferred Unitholders
8,341

 
8,341

 
16,682

 
16,682

Plus: Income tax (benefit) attributable to KKR Management Holdings Corp.
40,897

 
5,348

 
46,965

 
24,508

Net income (loss) attributable to KKR & Co. L.P. Common Unitholders and KKR Holdings
$
1,171,137

 
$
716,274

 
$
1,468,309

 
$
1,211,209

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income (loss) attributable to Noncontrolling Interests held by KKR Holdings
$
449,859

 
$
305,280

 
$
570,861

 
$
521,712



16

Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

Investments
 
Investments consist primarily of private equity, real assets, credit, investments of consolidated CFEs, equity method, carried interest and other investments. Investments denominated in currencies other than the entity's functional currency are valued based on the spot rate of the respective currency at the end of the reporting period with changes related to exchange rate movements reflected as a component of Net Gains (Losses) from Investment Activities in the condensed consolidated statements of operations. Security and loan transactions are recorded on a trade date basis. Further disclosure on investments is presented in Note 4 "Investments."
 
The following describes the types of securities held within each investment class.
 
Private Equity - Consists primarily of equity investments in operating businesses, including growth equity investments.
 
Credit - Consists primarily of investments in below investment grade corporate debt securities (primarily high yield bonds and syndicated bank loans), distressed and opportunistic debt and interests in unconsolidated CLOs.

Investments of Consolidated CFEs - Consists primarily of (i) investments in below investment grade corporate debt securities (primarily high yield bonds and syndicated bank loans) held directly by the consolidated CLOs and (ii) investments in originated, fixed-rate mortgage loans held directly by the consolidated CMBS vehicles.

Real Assets - Consists primarily of investments in (i) energy related assets, principally oil and natural gas producing properties, (ii) infrastructure assets, and (iii) real estate, principally residential and commercial real estate assets and businesses.
 
Equity Method - Other - Consists primarily of (i) certain direct interests in operating companies in which KKR is deemed to exert significant influence under GAAP and (ii) certain interests in partnerships and joint ventures that hold private equity and real estate investments.
 
Equity Method - Capital Allocation-Based Income - Consists primarily of (i) the capital interest KKR holds as the general partner in certain investment funds, which are not consolidated and (ii) the carried interest component of the general partner interest, which are accounted for as a single unit of account.

Other - Consists primarily of investments in common stock, preferred stock, warrants and options of companies that are not private equity, real assets, credit or investments of consolidated CFEs.

Investments held by Consolidated Investment Funds

The consolidated investment funds are, for GAAP purposes, investment companies and reflect their investments and other financial instruments, including portfolio companies that are majority-owned and controlled by KKR's investment funds, at fair value. KKR has retained this specialized accounting for the consolidated funds in consolidation. Accordingly, the unrealized gains and losses resulting from changes in fair value of the investments and other financial instruments held by the consolidated investment funds are reflected as a component of Net Gains (Losses) from Investment Activities in the condensed consolidated statements of operations.

Certain energy investments are made through consolidated investment funds, including investments in working and royalty interests in oil and natural gas producing properties as well as investments in operating companies that operate in the energy industry. Since these investments are held through consolidated investment funds, such investments are reflected at fair value as of the end of the reporting period. 

Investments in operating companies that are held through KKR's consolidated investment funds are generally classified within private equity investments and investments in working and royalty interests in oil and natural gas producing properties are generally classified as real asset investments.


17

Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

Energy Investments held directly by KKR

Certain energy investments are made by KKR directly in working and royalty interests in oil and natural gas producing properties and not through investment funds. Oil and natural gas producing activities are accounted for under the successful efforts method of accounting and such working interests are consolidated based on the proportion of the working interests held by KKR. Accordingly, KKR reflects its proportionate share of the underlying statements of financial condition and statements of operations of the consolidated working interests on a gross basis and changes in the value of these working interests are not reflected as unrealized gains and losses in the condensed consolidated statements of operations. Under the successful efforts method, exploration costs, other than the costs of drilling exploratory wells, are charged to expense as incurred. Costs that are associated with the drilling of successful exploration wells are capitalized if proved reserves are found. Lease acquisition costs are capitalized when incurred. Costs associated with the drilling of exploratory wells that do not find proved reserves, geological and geophysical costs and costs of certain nonproducing leasehold costs are charged to expense as incurred.
 
Expenditures for repairs and maintenance, including workovers, are charged to expense as incurred.
 
The capitalized costs of producing oil and natural gas properties are depleted on a field-by-field basis using the units-of production method based on the ratio of current production to estimated total net proved oil, natural gas and natural gas liquid reserves. Proved developed reserves are used in computing depletion rates for drilling and development costs and total proved reserves are used for depletion rates of leasehold costs.
 
Estimated dismantlement and abandonment costs for oil and natural gas properties, net of salvage value, are capitalized at their estimated net present value and amortized on a unit-of-production basis over the remaining life of the related proved developed reserves.

Whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amounts of oil and natural gas properties may not be recoverable, KKR evaluates oil and natural gas properties and related equipment and facilities for impairment on a field-by-field basis. The determination of recoverability is made based upon estimated undiscounted future net cash flows. The amount of impairment loss, if any, is determined by comparing the fair value, as determined by a discounted cash flow analysis, with the carrying value of the related asset. Any impairment in value is recognized when incurred and is recorded in General, Administrative, and Other expense in the condensed consolidated statements of operations.

Fair Value Option
For certain investments and other financial instruments, KKR has elected the fair value option. Such election is irrevocable and is applied on a financial instrument by financial instrument basis at initial recognition. KKR has elected the fair value option for certain private equity, real assets, credit, investments of consolidated CFEs, equity method - other and other financial instruments not held through a consolidated investment fund. Accounting for these investments at fair value is consistent with how KKR accounts for its investments held through consolidated investment funds. Changes in the fair value of such instruments are recognized in Net Gains (Losses) from Investment Activities in the condensed consolidated statements of operations. Interest income on interest bearing credit securities on which the fair value option has been elected is based on stated coupon rates adjusted for the accretion of purchase discounts and the amortization of purchase premiums. This interest income is recorded within Interest Income in the condensed consolidated statements of operations.

Equity Method

For certain investments in entities over which KKR exercises significant influence but which do not meet the requirements for consolidation and for which KKR has not elected the fair value option, KKR uses the equity method of accounting. The carrying value of equity method investments for which KKR has not elected the fair value option, is determined based on the amounts invested by KKR, adjusted for the equity in earnings or losses of the investee allocated based on KKR's respective ownership percentage, less distributions.

For equity method investments for which KKR has not elected the fair value option, KKR records its proportionate share of the investee's earnings or losses based on the most recently available financial information of the investee, which in certain cases may lag the date of KKR's financial statements by no more than three calendar months. As of June 30, 2018, equity method investees for which KKR reports financial results on a lag include Marshall Wace LLP ("Marshall Wace"). KKR evaluates its equity method investments for which KKR has not elected the fair value option for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amounts of such investments may not be recoverable.


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The carrying value of Equity Method - Capital Allocation-Based Income investments approximate fair value, because the underlying investments of the unconsolidated investment funds are reported at fair value.

Financial Instruments held by Consolidated CFEs
 
KKR measures both the financial assets and financial liabilities of the consolidated CFEs in its financial statements using the more observable of the fair value of the financial assets and the fair value of the financial liabilities which results in KKR's consolidated net income (loss) reflecting KKR's own economic interests in the consolidated CFEs including (i) changes in the fair value of the beneficial interests retained by KKR and (ii) beneficial interests that represent compensation for services rendered.

For the consolidated CLOs, KKR has determined that the fair value of the financial assets of the consolidated CLOs is more observable than the fair value of the financial liabilities of the consolidated CLOs. As a result, the financial assets of the consolidated CLOs are being measured at fair value and the financial liabilities are being measured in consolidation as: (1) the sum of the fair value of the financial assets and the carrying value of any nonfinancial assets that are incidental to the operations of the CLOs less (2) the sum of the fair value of any beneficial interests retained by KKR (other than those that represent compensation for services) and KKR's carrying value of any beneficial interests that represent compensation for services. The resulting amount is allocated to the individual financial liabilities (other than the beneficial interests retained by KKR).

For the consolidated CMBS vehicles, KKR has determined that the fair value of the financial liabilities of the consolidated CMBS vehicles is more observable than the fair value of the financial assets of the consolidated CMBS vehicles. As a result, the financial liabilities of the consolidated CMBS vehicles are being measured at fair value and the financial assets are being measured in consolidation as: (1) the sum of the fair value of the financial liabilities (other than the beneficial interests retained by KKR), the fair value of the beneficial interests retained by KKR and the carrying value of any nonfinancial liabilities that are incidental to the operations of the CMBS vehicles less (2) the carrying value of any nonfinancial assets that are incidental to the operations of the CMBS vehicles. The resulting amount is allocated to the individual financial assets.

Fair Value Measurements
  
Fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. Except for certain of KKR's equity method investments (see "Equity Method" above in this Note 2 "Summary of Significant Accounting Policies") and debt obligations (as described in Note 10 "Debt Obligations"), KKR's investments and other financial instruments are recorded at fair value or at amounts whose carrying values approximate fair value. Where available, fair value is based on observable market prices or parameters or derived from such prices or parameters. Where observable prices or inputs are not available, valuation techniques are applied. These valuation techniques involve varying levels of management estimation and judgment, the degree of which is dependent on a variety of factors.

GAAP establishes a hierarchical disclosure framework which prioritizes and ranks the level of market price observability used in measuring financial instruments at fair value. Market price observability is affected by a number of factors, including the type of financial instrument, the characteristics specific to the financial instrument and the state of the marketplace, including the existence and transparency of transactions between market participants. Financial instruments with readily available quoted prices in active markets generally will have a higher degree of market price observability and a lesser degree of judgment used in measuring fair value.

Investments and financial instruments measured and reported at fair value are classified and disclosed based on the observability of inputs used in the determination of fair values, as follows: 

Level I - Pricing inputs are unadjusted, quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities as of the measurement date. The types of financial instruments included in this category are publicly-listed equities and securities sold short.

Level II - Pricing inputs are other than quoted prices in active markets, which are either directly or indirectly observable as of the measurement date, and fair value is determined through the use of models or other valuation methodologies. The types of financial instruments included in this category are credit investments, investments and debt obligations of consolidated CLO entities, convertible debt securities indexed to publicly-listed securities, less liquid and restricted equity securities and certain over-the-counter derivatives such as foreign currency option and forward contracts. 


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Level III - Pricing inputs are unobservable for the financial instruments and include situations where there is little, if any, market activity for the financial instrument. The inputs into the determination of fair value require significant management judgment or estimation. The types of financial instruments generally included in this category are private portfolio companies, real assets investments, credit investments, equity method investments for which the fair value option was elected and investments and debt obligations of consolidated CMBS entities.

In certain cases, the inputs used to measure fair value may fall into different levels of the fair value hierarchy. In such cases, the level in the fair value hierarchy within which the fair value measurement in its entirety falls has been determined based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement in its entirety. KKR's assessment of the significance of a particular input to the fair value measurement in its entirety requires judgment and consideration of factors specific to the asset.

A significant decrease in the volume and level of activity for the asset or liability is an indication that transactions or quoted prices may not be representative of fair value because in such market conditions there may be increased instances of transactions that are not orderly. In those circumstances, further analysis of transactions or quoted prices is needed, and a significant adjustment to the transactions or quoted prices may be necessary to estimate fair value.
 
The availability of observable inputs can vary depending on the financial asset or liability and is affected by a wide variety of factors, including, for example, the type of instrument, whether the instrument has recently been issued, whether the instrument is traded on an active exchange or in the secondary market, and current market conditions. To the extent that valuation is based on models or inputs that are less observable or unobservable in the market, the determination of fair value requires more judgment. Accordingly, the degree of judgment exercised by KKR in determining fair value is greatest for instruments categorized in Level III. The variability and availability of the observable inputs affected by the factors described above may cause transfers between Levels I, II, and III, which KKR recognizes at the beginning of the reporting period.
 
Investments and other financial instruments that have readily observable market prices (such as those traded on a securities exchange) are stated at the last quoted sales price as of the reporting date. KKR does not adjust the quoted price for these investments, even in situations where KKR holds a large position and a sale could reasonably affect the quoted price.
 
Management's determination of fair value is based upon the methodologies and processes described below and may incorporate assumptions that are management's best estimates after consideration of a variety of internal and external factors.

Level II Valuation Methodologies
 
Credit Investments: These instruments generally have bid and ask prices that can be observed in the marketplace. Bid prices reflect the highest price that KKR and others are willing to pay for an instrument. Ask prices represent the lowest price that KKR and others are willing to accept for an instrument. For financial assets and liabilities whose inputs are based on bid-ask prices obtained from third party pricing services, fair value may not always be a predetermined point in the bid-ask range. KKR's policy is generally to allow for mid-market pricing and adjusting to the point within the bid-ask range that meets KKR's best estimate of fair value.

Investments and Debt Obligations of Consolidated CLO Vehicles: Investments of consolidated CLO vehicles are reported within Investments of Consolidated CFEs and are valued using the same valuation methodology as described above for credit investments. Under ASU 2014-13, KKR measures CLO debt obligations on the basis of the fair value of the financial assets of the CLO.
 
Securities indexed to publicly-listed securities: The securities are typically valued using standard convertible security pricing models. The key inputs into these models that require some amount of judgment are the credit spreads utilized and the volatility assumed. To the extent the company being valued has other outstanding debt securities that are publicly-traded, the implied credit spread on the company's other outstanding debt securities would be utilized in the valuation. To the extent the company being valued does not have other outstanding debt securities that are publicly-traded, the credit spread will be estimated based on the implied credit spreads observed in comparable publicly-traded debt securities. In certain cases, an additional spread will be added to reflect an illiquidity discount due to the fact that the security being valued is not publicly-traded. The volatility assumption is based upon the historically observed volatility of the underlying equity security into which the convertible debt security is convertible and/or the volatility implied by the prices of options on the underlying equity security.

Restricted Equity Securities: The valuation of certain equity securities is based on an observable price for an identical security adjusted for the effect of a restriction.

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Derivatives: The valuation incorporates observable inputs comprising yield curves, foreign currency rates and credit spreads.

Level III Valuation Methodologies
 
Investments and financial instruments categorized as Level III consist primarily of the following:

Private Equity Investments: KKR generally employs two valuation methodologies when determining the fair value of a private equity investment. The first methodology is typically a market comparables analysis that considers key financial inputs and recent public and private transactions and other available measures. The second methodology utilized is typically a discounted cash flow analysis, which incorporates significant assumptions and judgments. Estimates of key inputs used in this methodology include the weighted average cost of capital for the investment and assumed inputs used to calculate terminal values, such as exit EBITDA multiples. Other inputs are also used in both methodologies. In addition, when a definitive agreement has been executed to sell an investment, KKR generally considers a significant determinant of fair value to be the consideration to be received by KKR pursuant to the executed definitive agreement.
 
Upon completion of the valuations conducted using these methodologies, a weighting is ascribed to each method, and an illiquidity discount is typically applied where appropriate. The ultimate fair value recorded for a particular investment will generally be within a range suggested by the two methodologies, except that the value may be higher or lower than such range in the case of investments being sold pursuant to an executed definitive agreement.
 
When determining the weighting ascribed to each valuation methodology, KKR considers, among other factors, the availability of direct market comparables, the applicability of a discounted cash flow analysis, the expected hold period and manner of realization for the investment, and in the case of investments being sold pursuant to an executed definitive agreement, an estimated probability of such sale being completed. These factors can result in different weightings among investments in the portfolio and in certain instances may result in up to a 100% weighting to a single methodology.
 
When an illiquidity discount is to be applied, KKR seeks to take a uniform approach across its portfolio and generally applies a minimum 5% discount to all private equity investments. KKR then evaluates such private equity investments to determine if factors exist that could make it more challenging to monetize the investment and, therefore, justify applying a higher illiquidity discount. These factors generally include (i) whether KKR is unable to sell the portfolio company or conduct an initial public offering of the portfolio company due to the consent rights of a third party or similar factors, (ii) whether the portfolio company is undergoing significant restructuring activity or similar factors and (iii) characteristics about the portfolio company regarding its size and/or whether the portfolio company is experiencing, or expected to experience, a significant decline in earnings. These factors generally make it less likely that a portfolio company would be sold or publicly offered in the near term at a price indicated by using just a market multiples and/or discounted cash flow analysis, and these factors tend to reduce the number of opportunities to sell an investment and/or increase the time horizon over which an investment may be monetized. Depending on the applicability of these factors, KKR determines the amount of any incremental illiquidity discount to be applied above the 5% minimum, and during the time KKR holds the investment, the illiquidity discount may be increased or decreased, from time to time, based on changes to these factors. The amount of illiquidity discount applied at any time requires considerable judgment about what a market participant would consider and is based on the facts and circumstances of each individual investment. Accordingly, the illiquidity discount ultimately considered by a market participant upon the realization of any investment may be higher or lower than that estimated by KKR in its valuations.

In the case of growth equity investments, enterprise values may be determined using the market comparables analysis and discounted cash flow analysis described above. A scenario analysis may also be conducted to subject the estimated enterprise values to a downside, base and upside case, which involves significant assumptions and judgments. A milestone analysis may also be conducted to assess the current level of progress towards value drivers that we have determined to be important, which involves significant assumptions and judgments. The enterprise value in each case may then be allocated across the investment's capital structure to reflect the terms of the security and subjected to probability weightings. In certain cases, the values of growth equity investments may be based on recent or expected financings.
 
Real Asset Investments: Real asset investments in infrastructure, energy and real estate are valued using one or more of the discounted cash flow analysis, market comparables analysis and direct income capitalization, which in each case incorporates significant assumptions and judgments. Infrastructure investments are generally valued using the discounted cash flow analysis. Key inputs used in this methodology can include the weighted average cost of capital and assumed inputs used to calculate terminal values, such as exit EBITDA multiples. Energy investments are generally valued using a discounted cash flow analysis. Key inputs used in this methodology that require estimates include the weighted average cost of capital. In addition,

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the valuations of energy investments generally incorporate both commodity prices as quoted on indices and long-term commodity price forecasts, which may be substantially different from commodity prices on certain indices for equivalent future dates. Certain energy investments do not include an illiquidity discount. Long-term commodity price forecasts are utilized to capture the value of the investments across a range of commodity prices within the energy investment portfolio associated with future development and to reflect a range of price expectations. Real estate investments are generally valued using a combination of direct income capitalization and discounted cash flow analysis. Key inputs used in such methodologies that require estimates include an unlevered discount rate and current capitalization rate. The valuations of real assets investments also use other inputs.

Credit Investments: Credit investments are valued using values obtained from dealers or market makers, and where these values are not available, credit investments are generally valued by KKR based on ranges of valuations determined by an independent valuation firm. Valuation models are based on discounted cash flow analyses, for which the key inputs are determined based on market comparables, which incorporate similar instruments from similar issuers.

Other Investments: With respect to other investments including equity method investments for which the fair value election has been made, KKR generally employs the same valuation methodologies as described above for private equity investments when valuing these other investments.

Investments and Debt Obligations of Consolidated CMBS Vehicles: Under ASU 2014-13, KKR measures CMBS investments, which are reported within Investments of Consolidated CFEs on the basis of the fair value of the financial liabilities of the CMBS. Debt obligations of consolidated CMBS vehicles are valued based on discounted cash flow analyses. The key input is the expected yield of each CMBS security using both observable and unobservable factors, which may include recently offered or completed trades and published yields of similar securities, security-specific characteristics (e.g. securities ratings issued by nationally recognized statistical rating organizations, credit support by other subordinate securities issued by the CMBS and coupon type) and other characteristics.

Key unobservable inputs that have a significant impact on KKR's Level III investment valuations as described above are included in Note 5 "Fair Value Measurements." KKR utilizes several unobservable pricing inputs and assumptions in determining the fair value of its Level III investments. These unobservable pricing inputs and assumptions may differ by investment and in the application of KKR's valuation methodologies. KKR's reported fair value estimates could vary materially if KKR had chosen to incorporate different unobservable pricing inputs and other assumptions or, for applicable investments, if KKR only used either the discounted cash flow methodology or the market comparables methodology instead of assigning a weighting to both methodologies.
 
Level III Valuation Process

The valuation process involved for Level III measurements is completed on a quarterly basis and is designed to subject the valuation of Level III investments to an appropriate level of consistency, oversight, and review.

For Private Markets investments classified as Level III, investment professionals prepare preliminary valuations based on their evaluation of financial and operating data, company specific developments, market valuations of comparable companies and other factors. These preliminary valuations are reviewed by an independent valuation firm engaged by KKR to perform certain procedures in order to assess the reasonableness of KKR's valuations annually for all Level III investments in Private Markets and quarterly for investments other than certain investments, which have values less than pre-set value thresholds and which in the aggregate comprise less than 5% of the total value of KKR's Level III Private Markets investments. The valuations of certain real asset investments are determined solely by an independent valuation firm without the preparation of preliminary valuations by our investment professionals, and instead such independent valuation firm relies principally on valuation information available to it as a broker or valuation firm. For credit investments and debt obligations of consolidated CMBS vehicles, an independent valuation firm is generally engaged by KKR with respect to investments classified as Level III. The valuation firm either provides a value or provides a valuation range from which KKR's investment professionals select a point in the range to determine the preliminary valuation or performs certain procedures in order to assess the reasonableness and provide positive assurance of KKR's valuations. After reflecting any input from the independent valuation firm, the valuation proposals are submitted for review and approval by KKR's valuation committees.

KKR has a global valuation committee that is responsible for coordinating and implementing the firm's valuation process to ensure consistency in the application of valuation principles across portfolio investments and between periods. The global valuation committee is assisted by the asset class-specific valuation committees that exist for private equity (including growth equity), real estate, energy and infrastructure, and credit. The asset class-specific valuation committees are responsible for the review and approval of all preliminary Level III valuations in their respective asset classes on a quarterly basis. The members

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of these valuation committees are comprised of investment professionals, including the heads of each respective strategy, and professionals from business operations functions such as legal, compliance and finance, who are not primarily responsible for the management of the investments. For periods prior to the completion of the PAAMCO Prisma transaction, when Level III valuations were required to be performed on hedge fund investments, a valuation committee for hedge funds reviewed these valuations.
All Level III valuations are also subject to approval by the global valuation committee, which is comprised of senior employees including investment professionals and professionals from business operations functions, and includes one of KKR's Co-Presidents and Co-Chief Operating Officers and its Chief Financial Officer, General Counsel and Chief Compliance Officer. When valuations are approved by the global valuation committee after reflecting any input from it, the valuations of Level III investments, as well as the valuations of Level I and Level II investments, are presented to the audit committee of the board of directors of the general partner of KKR & Co. L.P. and are then reported to the board of directors.
Revenues

For the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively, revenues consisted of the following:    
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Management Fees
$
171,172

 
$
177,269

 
$
358,899

 
$
338,451

Transaction Fees
170,221

 
156,472

 
328,874

 
400,130

Monitoring Fees
25,363

 
30,995

 
42,949

 
44,499

Fee Credits
(34,847
)
 
(48,677
)
 
(63,900
)
 
(136,755
)
Incentive Fees
233

 
845

 
14,038

 
1,118

Expense Reimbursements
50,576

 
35,591

 
70,787

 
58,856

Oil and Gas Revenue
13,853

 
17,382

 
28,360

 
34,655

Consulting Fees
17,275

 
10,908

 
28,233

 
20,010

Total Fees and Other (1)
413,846

 
380,785

 
808,240

 
760,964


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Carried Interest
491,176

 
551,003

 
553,923

 
886,776

General Partner Capital Interest
66,598

 
84,012

 
82,063

 
135,815

Total Capital Allocation-Based Income
557,774

 
635,015

 
635,986

 
1,022,591

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total Revenues
$
971,620

 
$
1,015,800

 
$
1,444,226

 
$
1,783,555

 
(1)
Fees and Other presented in the table above, except for oil and gas revenue and certain transaction fees earned by KKR's Capital Markets business line, are earned from KKR investment funds and portfolio companies. 

Fees and Other

Fees and Other, as detailed above, are accounted for as contracts with customers. Under the guidance for contracts with customers, KKR is required to (a) identify the contract(s) with a customer, (b) identify the performance obligations in the contract, (c) determine the transaction price, (d) allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract and (e) recognize revenue when (or as) it satisfies a performance obligation. In determining the transaction price, KKR has included variable consideration only to the extent that it is probable that a significant reversal in the amount of cumulative revenue recognized would not occur when the uncertainty associated with the variable consideration is resolved. See Note 14 “Segment Reporting” for a disaggregated presentation of revenues by business line from contracts with customers.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Management Fees

KKR provides investment management services to investment funds, CLOs, and other vehicles in exchange for a management fee. The performance obligation for management fees is satisfied over time as the services are rendered. KKR provides these services in accordance with the contractual terms of the related agreement. Management fees are determined quarterly based on an annual rate and are generally based upon a percentage of the capital committed or capital invested during the investment period. Thereafter, management fees are generally based on a percentage of remaining invested capital, net asset

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value, gross assets or as otherwise defined in the respective contractual agreements. Management fees are a form of variable consideration, because these fees may fluctuate during the period in which the related investment management services are performed based on fluctuations in the management fee base. Since some of the factors that cause the fees to fluctuate are outside of KKR's control, management fees are considered to be constrained and are therefore not included in the transaction price. As a result, management fees are determined and recognized at the end of the period over which management services are performed. Management fees are generally billed quarterly or annually under the terms of the related agreement.
Management fees earned from KKR's consolidated investment funds, CLOs and other vehicles are eliminated in consolidation. However, because these amounts are funded by, and earned from, noncontrolling interests, KKR's allocated share of the net income from the consolidated investment funds, CLOs and other vehicles is increased by the amount of fees that are eliminated. Accordingly, the elimination of these fees does not impact the net income (loss) attributable to KKR or KKR partners' capital.
Management fees earned from private equity funds generally range from 1% to 2% of committed capital during the fund's investment period and are generally 0.75% to 1.25% of invested capital after the expiration of the fund's investment period with subsequent reductions over time. Typically, an investment period is defined as a period of up to six years. The actual length of the investment period is often shorter due to the earlier deployment of committed capital. Management fees earned from growth equity, real assets, and core investment strategy funds generally range from 0.5% to 2.0% and are generally based on the investment fund's average net asset value, capital commitments, or invested capital.
Management fees earned from credit funds and other investment vehicles in the Public Markets business line generally range from 0.33% to 1.75%. Such rates may be based on the investment fund's average net asset value, capital commitments, or invested capital. Management fees earned from CLOs include senior collateral management fees and subordinate collateral management fees. When combined, senior collateral management fees and subordinate collateral management fees are determined based on an annual rate ranging from 0.40% to 0.50% of collateral. If amounts distributable on any payment date are insufficient to pay the collateral management fees according to the priority of payments, any shortfall is deferred and payable on subsequent payment dates. KKR has the right to waive all or any portion of any collateral management fee. For the purpose of calculating the collateral management fees, collateral, the payment dates, and the priority of payments are terms defined in the management agreements.
Management fees recognized but not received from investment funds, CLOs and other vehicles are recorded in Due from Affiliates on the condensed consolidated statements of financial condition (See Note 13 "Related Party Transactions").
Transaction Fees
KKR (i) arranges debt and equity financing, places and underwrites securities offerings and provides other types of capital markets services for companies seeking financing in its Capital Markets business line and (ii) provides advisory services in connection with successful Private Markets and Public Markets portfolio company investment transactions, in each case, in exchange for a transaction fee. Transaction fees are separately negotiated for each transaction and are generally based on (i) in our Capital Markets business line, a percentage of the overall transaction size and (ii) for Private Markets and Public Markets transactions, a percentage of either total enterprise value of an investment or a percentage of the aggregate price paid for an investment. Transaction fees are recognized at a point in time when the underlying services rendered are completed in accordance with the terms of the transaction and advisory agreements, which is typically when the transaction closes. Transaction fees are generally paid on or shortly after the closing of a transaction. Transaction fees from our Private Markets and Public Markets business lines recognized but not received from portfolio companies are recorded in Due from Affiliates on the condensed consolidated statements of financial condition (See Note 13 "Related Party Transactions"). Transaction fees from our Capital Markets business line recognized but not received from third parties are recorded in Other Assets on the condensed consolidated statements of financial condition (See Note 8 "Other Assets and Accounts Payable, Accrued Expenses and Other Liabilities").
Monitoring Fees
KKR agrees to provide services in connection with monitoring portfolio companies in exchange for a fee. Monitoring fees are recognized over time in the period during which the related services are rendered in accordance with the contractual terms of the related agreement. Monitoring fees are determined quarterly and are generally paid based on a fixed periodic schedule by the portfolio companies either in advance or in arrears and are separately negotiated for each portfolio company. In addition, certain monitoring fee provisions may provide for a termination payment following an initial public offering or change of control as defined in the contractual terms of the related agreement. These termination payments are recognized in the period

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when the related transaction closes. Monitoring fees recognized but not received from portfolio companies are recorded in Due from Affiliates on the condensed consolidated statements of financial condition (See Note 13 "Related Party Transactions").
Fee Credits
Under the terms of the management agreements with certain of its investment funds, KKR is required to share with such funds an agreed upon percentage of certain fees, including monitoring and transaction fees earned from portfolio companies ("Fee Credits"). Investment funds earn Fee Credits only with respect to monitoring and transaction fees that are allocable to the fund's investment in the portfolio company and not, for example, any fees allocable to capital invested through co-investment vehicles. Fee Credits are calculated after deducting certain costs related to investment transactions that were not consummated ("broken deal costs") and generally amount to 80% for older funds, or 100% for our newer funds, of allocable monitoring and transaction fees after broken deal costs are recovered, although the actual percentage may vary from fund to fund. Fee Credits are recognized and owed to investment funds concurrently with the recognition of monitoring fees, transaction fees and broken deal costs. Since Fee Credits are payable to investment funds, amounts owed are generally applied as a reduction of the management fee that is otherwise billed to the investment fund. KKR acts as an agent for the investment funds it manages, from an accounting standpoint, and fee credits are recorded as a reduction of revenues in the consolidated statement of operations. Fee credits owed to investment funds are recorded in Due to Affiliates on the condensed consolidated statements of financial condition (See Note 13 "Related Party Transactions").

Incentive Fees

KKR provides investment management services to investment funds, CLOs and other vehicles in exchange for a management fee as discussed above and, in some cases an incentive fee when KKR is not entitled to a carried interest. Incentive fees are recognized based on fund performance, subject to the achievement of minimum return levels, and/or high water marks, in accordance with the respective terms set out in each governing agreement. Incentive fee rates generally range from 5% to 20% of investment gains. Incentive fees are considered a form of variable consideration as these fees are subject to reversal, and therefore the recognition of such fees is deferred until the end of each fund's measurement period (which is generally one year) when the performance-based incentive fees become fixed and determinable. Incentive fees are generally paid within 90 days of the end of the investment vehicles' measurement period. Incentive fees recognized but not received from investment funds, CLOs and other vehicles are recorded in Due from Affiliates on the condensed consolidated statements of financial condition (See Note 13 "Related Party Transactions").
Expense Reimbursements

In connection with the (i) investment management services provided to investment funds and (ii) the monitoring of portfolio companies, KKR receives reimbursement for certain expenses incurred on behalf of these entities that have been determined by KKR to be additional compensation to satisfy its performance obligation. For these expense reimbursements KKR is considered the principal under the agreements and records the expense and related reimbursement revenue on a gross basis. Costs incurred are classified as General, Administrative and Other and reimbursements of such costs are classified as Expense Reimbursements within Revenues on the condensed consolidated statements of operations. Expense reimbursements recognized but not received from investment funds and portfolio companies are recorded in Due from Affiliates on the condensed consolidated statements of financial condition (See Note 13 "Related Party Transactions").

Oil and Gas Revenue

Oil and gas revenue is recognized when the performance obligation is satisfied, which occurs at the point in time when control of the product transfers to the customer. Performance obligations are typically satisfied through the monthly delivery of production. Revenue is recognized based on KKR's proportionate share of production from non-operated properties as marketed by the operator. Oil and gas revenue recognized but not received from third parties are recorded in Other Assets on the condensed consolidated statements of financial condition (See Note 8 "Other Assets and Accounts Payable, Accrued Expenses and Other Liabilities").

Consulting Fees
Certain consolidated entities that employ non-employee operating consultants provide consulting and other services to portfolio companies and other companies in exchange for a consulting fee. Consulting fees are recognized over time in the period during which the related advisory services are rendered in accordance with the contractual terms of the related agreement. Consulting fees are separately negotiated with each portfolio company for which services are provided and are not

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shared with KKR. Consulting fees recognized but not received from portfolio companies are recorded in Due from Affiliates on the condensed consolidated statements of financial condition (See Note 13 "Related Party Transactions").
Capital Allocation-Based Income
Capital allocation-based income is earned from those arrangements where KKR has a general partner capital interest and is entitled to a disproportionate allocation of investment income (referred to hereafter as “carried interest”). KKR accounts for its general partner interests in capital allocation-based arrangements as financial instruments under ASC 323, Investments - Equity Method and Joint Ventures (“ASC 323”) since the general partner has significant governance rights in the investment funds in which it invests, which demonstrates significant influence. In accordance with ASC 323, KKR records equity method income based on the proportionate share of the income of the investment fund, including carried interest, assuming the investment fund was liquidated as of each reporting date pursuant to each investment fund's governing agreements. Accordingly, these general partner interests are accounted for outside of the scope of ASC 606. Other arrangements surrounding contractual incentive fees through an advisory contract are separate and distinct and accounted for in accordance with ASC 606. In these incentive fee arrangements, accounted for in accordance with ASC 606, KKR’s economics in the entity do not involve an allocation of capital. See “Incentive Fees” above.
Carried interest is allocated to the general partner based on cumulative fund performance to date, and where applicable, subject to a preferred return to the funds' limited partners. At the end of each reporting period, KKR calculates the carried interest that would be due to KKR for each investment fund, pursuant to the fund agreements, as if the fair value of the underlying investments were realized as of such date, irrespective of whether such amounts have been realized. As the fair value of underlying investments varies between reporting periods, it is necessary to make adjustments to amounts recorded as carried interest to reflect either (a) positive performance resulting in an increase in the carried interest allocated to the general partner or (b) negative performance that would cause the amount due to KKR to be less than the amount previously recognized, resulting in a negative adjustment to carried interest allocated to the general partner. In each case, it is necessary to calculate the carried interest on cumulative results compared to the carried interest recorded to date and to make the required positive or negative adjustments. KKR ceases to record negative carried interest allocations once previously recognized carried interest allocations for an investment fund have been fully reversed. KKR is not obligated to make payments for guaranteed returns or hurdles and, therefore, cannot have negative carried interest over the life of an investment fund. Accrued but unpaid carried interest as of the reporting date is reflected in Investments in the condensed consolidated statements of financial condition.
Prior to January 1, 2018, to the extent an investment fund was not consolidated, KKR accounted for carried interest within Fees and Other separately from its general partner capital interest, which was included in Net Gains (Losses) from Investment Activities in the condensed consolidated statements of operations. Effective January 1, 2018, the carried interest component of the general partner interest and the capital interest KKR holds in its investment funds as the general partner are accounted for as a single unit of account and reported in capital allocation-based income within Revenues in the condensed consolidated statements of operations. This change in accounting principle has been applied on a full retrospective basis. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2017, $551.0 million and $886.8 million were reclassified from Fees and Other, respectively, to Capital Allocation-Based Income in the condensed consolidated statements of operations. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2017, $84.0 million and $135.8 million were reclassified from Net Gains (Losses) from Investment Activities, respectively, to Capital Allocation-Based Income in the condensed consolidated statements of operations.
KKR has concluded that its Fees and Other are within the scope of the amended revenue recognition guidance. Additionally, KKR has concluded that investments made alongside its fund investors in investment funds which entitle KKR to a carried interest represent equity method investments that are not in the scope of the amended revenue recognition guidance.

Cash and Cash Equivalents Held at Consolidated Entities

Cash and cash equivalents held at consolidated entities represents cash that, although not legally restricted, is not available to fund general liquidity needs of KKR as the use of such funds is generally limited to the investment activities of KKR's investment funds and CFEs.

Restricted Cash and Cash Equivalents

Restricted cash and cash equivalents primarily represent amounts that are held by third parties under certain of KKR's financing and derivative transactions. The duration of this restricted cash generally matches the duration of the related financing or derivative transaction.


26

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Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
 
Revenue from Contracts with Customers

The FASB issued ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606) (“ASU 2014-09”) in May 2014 and subsequently issued several amendments to the standard. ASU 2014-09, and related amendments, provide comprehensive guidance for recognizing revenue from contracts with customers. Entities will be able to recognize revenue when the entity transfers promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled to in exchange for those goods or services. The guidance includes a five-step framework that requires an entity to: (i) identify the contracts with a customer, (ii) identify the performance obligations in the contract, (iii) determine the transaction price, (iv) allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contracts and (v) recognize revenue when the entity satisfies a performance obligation. The guidance in ASU 2014-09, and the related amendments, is effective for KKR beginning on January 1, 2018, and KKR adopted this guidance on that date. KKR has concluded that its Fees and Other are within the scope of the amended revenue recognition guidance. Additionally, KKR has concluded that investments made alongside its fund investors in investment funds which entitle KKR to a carried interest represent equity method investments that are not in the scope of the amended revenue recognition guidance. KKR has implemented ASU 2014-09 and its related amendments and there were no changes to KKR's historical pattern of recognizing revenue. See the accounting policy for Revenues above.

Cash Flows

In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-15, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments, which amends the guidance on the classification of certain cash receipts and payments in the statement of cash flows. The amended guidance adds or clarifies guidance on eight cash flow matters: (i) debt prepayment or debt extinguishment costs, (ii) settlement of zero-coupon debt instruments or other debt instruments with coupon interest rates that are insignificant in relation to the effective interest rate of the borrowing, (iii) contingent consideration payments made after a business combination, (iv) proceeds from the settlement of insurance claims, (v) proceeds from the settlement of corporate-owned life insurance policies, (vi) distributions received from equity method investees, (vii) beneficial interests in securitization transactions and (viii) separately identifiable cash flows and application of the predominance principle. The guidance is effective for KKR beginning on January 1, 2018, and KKR adopted this guidance on that date. This adoption did not have a material impact on KKR's condensed consolidated statements of cash flows.

In November 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-18, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Restricted Cash, which amends the guidance to add or clarify guidance on the classification and presentation of restricted cash in the statement of cash flows. The amended guidance requires the following: (i) restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents should be included in the cash and cash-equivalents balances in the statement of cash flows; (ii) changes in restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents that result from transfers between cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents should not be presented as cash flow activities in the statement of cash flows; (iii) a reconciliation between the statement of financial position and the statement of cash flows must be disclosed when the statement of financial position includes more than one line item for cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash, and restricted cash equivalents and (iv) the nature of the restrictions must be disclosed for material restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents amounts. The guidance is effective for KKR beginning on January 1, 2018, and KKR adopted this guidance on that date. Upon adoption, (i) Restricted Cash and Cash Equivalents and (ii) Cash and Cash Equivalents Held at Consolidated Entities were (a) included in the cash and cash-equivalents balances in the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows and (b) disclosed in a reconciliation between the condensed consolidated statements of financial condition and the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows. This guidance has been applied on a full retrospective basis. For the six months ended June 30, 2017, $198.7 million of cash provided by operating activities and $108.8 million of cash provided by investing activities were removed from net cash provided (used) by operating activities and net cash provided (used) by investing activities, respectively, and included in net increase/(decrease) in cash, cash-equivalents and restricted cash in the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows.


27

Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

Leases

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842) which has subsequently been amended by ASU 2018-11. The guidance requires the recognition of lease assets and lease liabilities for those leases classified as operating leases under previous GAAP. The guidance retains a distinction between finance leases and operating leases. The classification criteria for distinguishing between finance leases and operating leases are substantially similar to the classification criteria for distinguishing between capital leases and operating leases under previous GAAP. The recognition, measurement and presentation of expenses and cash flows arising from a lease by a lessee have not changed significantly from previous GAAP. For operating leases, a lessee is required to do the following: (a) recognize a right-of-use asset and a lease liability, initially measured at the present value of the lease payments, in the statement of financial condition; (b) recognize a single lease cost, calculated so that the cost of the lease is allocated over the lease term on a generally straight-line basis and (c) classify all cash payments within operating activities in the statement of cash flows. The guidance is effective for fiscal periods beginning after December 15, 2018. Early application is permitted. KKR is currently evaluating the impact of this guidance on the financial statements.

Equity-Based Compensation

In May 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-09, Compensation - Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Scope of Modification Accounting ("ASU 2017-09"), which amends the scope of modification accounting for share-based payment arrangements. ASU 2017-09 provides guidance on the types of changes to the terms or conditions of share-based payment awards to which an entity would be required to apply modification accounting. Specifically, an entity would not apply modification accounting if the fair value, vesting conditions, and classification of the awards are the same immediately before and after the modification. ASU 2017-09 is effective for fiscal years and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2017. This guidance has been adopted as of January 1, 2018 and did not have a material impact to KKR.

In June 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-07, Compensation - Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting ("ASU 2018-07"), which generally simplifies the accounting for share-based payments granted to nonemployees for goods and services. Under ASU 2018-07, most of the guidance on such payments to nonemployees is generally aligned with the requirements for share-based payments granted to employees. Prior to adoption of ASU 2018-07, share-based payment arrangements with employees were accounted for under ASC 718, Compensation - Stock Compensation, while nonemployee share-based payments issued for goods and services were accounted for under ASC 505-50, Equity - Equity Based Payments to Non-Employees. ASC 505-50, before the ASU’s amendments, differed significantly from ASC 718. Differences included the guidance on (1) the determination of the measurement date (which generally is the date on which the measurement of equity-classified share-based payments becomes fixed), (2) the accounting for performance conditions, (3) the ability of a nonpublic entity to use certain practical expedients for measurement and (4) the accounting for share-based payments after vesting. ASU 2018-07 eliminates most of these differences. The guidance is effective for fiscal periods beginning after December 15, 2018. KKR has elected to early adopt ASU 2018-07 during the second quarter of 2018 with adjustments reflected as of January 1, 2018. Such adoption did not have a material impact to KKR.
Income Taxes

In October 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-16, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Intra-entity Transfers of Assets Other Than Inventory ("ASU 2016-16"), which removed the prohibition in ASC 740 against the immediate recognition of the current and deferred income tax effects of intra-entity transfers of assets other than inventory. ASU 2016-16 is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within those annual reporting periods. This guidance has been adopted as of January 1, 2018 and did not have a material impact to KKR.

Clarifying the Definition of a Business

In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-01, Business Combinations (Topic 805): Clarifying the Definition of a Business ("ASU 2017-01"). This guidance amends the definition of a business and provides a threshold which must be considered to determine whether a transaction is an asset acquisition or a business combination. ASU 2017-01 is effective for fiscal years and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2017. Early adoption is permitted for transactions (i.e. acquisitions or dispositions) that occurred before the issuance date or effective date of the standard if the transactions were not reported in financial statements that have been issued or made available for issuance. This guidance has been adopted as of the fourth quarter of 2017.


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Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

Goodwill

In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-04, Intangibles - Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment. This guidance simplifies the accounting for goodwill impairments by eliminating the second step from the goodwill impairment test. The ASU requires goodwill impairments to be measured on the basis of the fair value of a reporting unit relative to the reporting unit's carrying amount rather than on the basis of the implied amount of goodwill relative to the goodwill balance of the reporting unit. The ASU also (i) clarifies the requirements for excluding and allocating foreign currency translation adjustments to reporting units related to an entity's testing of reporting units for goodwill impairment and (ii) clarifies that an entity should consider income tax effects from any tax deductible goodwill on the carrying amount of the reporting unit when measuring the goodwill impairment loss, if applicable. The guidance is effective for fiscal periods beginning after December 15, 2019. Early adoption is allowed for entities as of January 1, 2017, for annual and any interim impairment tests occurring after January 1, 2017. KKR is currently evaluating the impact of this guidance on the financial statements.

Premium Amortization on Purchased Callable Debt Securities

In March 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-08, Receivables - Nonrefundable Fees and Other Costs (Subtopic 310-20): Premium Amortization on Purchased Callable Debt Securities ("ASU 2017-08"). This guidance amends the amortization period for certain purchased callable debt securities held at a premium. The guidance requires the premium to be amortized to the earliest call date. The guidance does not require an accounting change for securities held at a discount; the discount continues to be amortized to maturity. ASU 2017-08 is effective for fiscal years and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2018. Early adoption is permitted and the guidance when adopted should be applied on a modified retrospective basis through a cumulative-effect adjustment directly to retained earnings as of the beginning of the period of adoption. KKR is currently evaluating the impact of this guidance on the financial statements.
    
Reclassification of Certain Tax Effects from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income

In February 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-02, Income Statement - Reporting Comprehensive Income (Topic 220): Reclassification of Certain Tax Effects from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income ("ASU 2018-02"). Under ASC 740-10-45-15, the effects of changes in tax rates and laws on deferred tax balances are recorded as a component of tax expense related to continuing operations for the period in which the law was enacted, even if the assets and liabilities related to items of accumulated other comprehensive income ("OCI"). ASU 2018-02 allows entities to reclassify from accumulated OCI to retained earnings stranded tax effects related to the change in federal tax rate for all items accounted for in OCI. Entities can also elect to reclassify other stranded tax effects that relate to the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, which was enacted in December 2017 and amended various aspects of U.S. federal income tax legislation (the "2017 Tax Act"), but do not directly relate to the change in the federal tax rate. Tax effects that are stranded in OCI for other reasons may not be reclassified. In the period of adoption, entities that elect to reclassify the income tax effects of the 2017 Tax Act from accumulated OCI to retained earnings must disclose that they made such an election. Entities must also disclose a description of other income tax effects related to the 2017 Tax Act that are reclassified from accumulated OCI to retained earnings, if any. The guidance is effective for fiscal periods beginning after December 15, 2018, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted for periods for which financial statement have not yet been issued or made available upon issuance, including in the period the 2017 Tax Act was enacted. An entity that adopts ASU 2018-02 in an annual or interim periods after the period of enactment is able to choose whether to apply the amendments retrospectively to each period in which the effect of the 2017 Tax Act is recognized or to apply the amendments in the period of adoption. KKR is currently evaluating the impact of this guidance on the financial statements.


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Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

3. NET GAINS (LOSSES) FROM INVESTMENT ACTIVITIES
 
Net Gains (Losses) from Investment Activities in the condensed consolidated statements of operations consist primarily of the realized and unrealized gains and losses on investments (including foreign exchange gains and losses attributable to foreign denominated investments and related activities) and other financial instruments, including those for which the fair value option has been elected. Unrealized gains or losses result from changes in the fair value of these investments and other financial instruments during a period. Upon disposition of an investment or financial instrument, previously recognized unrealized gains or losses are reversed and an offsetting realized gain or loss is recognized in the current period.
 
The following tables summarize total Net Gains (Losses) from Investment Activities:
 
Three Months Ended
June 30, 2018
 
Three Months Ended
June 30, 2017
 
Net Realized
Gains (Losses)
 
Net Unrealized
Gains (Losses)
 
Total
 
Net Realized
Gains (Losses)
 
Net Unrealized
Gains (Losses)
 
Total
Private Equity (1)
$
25,589

 
$
496,927

 
$
522,516

 
$
21,253

 
$
291,748

 
$
313,001

Credit (1)
(144,960
)
 
(86,863
)
 
(231,823
)
 
(184,537
)
 
167,696

 
(16,841
)
Investments of Consolidated CFEs (1)
(51,536
)
 
(36,514
)
 
(88,050
)
 
(3,777
)
 
15,064

 
11,287

Real Assets (1)
10,393

 
146,213

 
156,606

 
(61,747
)
 
170,593

 
108,846

Equity Method - Other (1)
(163,153
)
 
218,160

 
55,007

 
16,470

 
17,047

 
33,517

Other Investments (1)
(73,901
)
 
(107,867
)
 
(181,768
)
 
(195,724
)
 
(12,384
)
 
(208,108
)
Foreign Exchange Forward Contracts
     and Options (2)
(7,319
)
 
177,689

 
170,370

 
8,082

 
(184,118
)
 
(176,036
)
Securities Sold Short (2)
252,378

 
(11,457
)
 
240,921

 
258,924

 
9,398

 
268,322

Other Derivatives (2)

 
11,259

 
11,259

 
(119
)
 
(706
)
 
(825
)
Debt Obligations and Other (3)
307,293

 
154,256

 
461,549

 
39,763

 
(38,510
)
 
1,253

Net Gains (Losses) From Investment
     Activities
$
154,784

 
$
961,803

 
$
1,116,587

 
$
(101,412
)
 
$
435,828

 
$
334,416

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Six Months Ended
June 30, 2018
 
Six Months Ended
June 30, 2017
 
Net Realized
Gains (Losses)
 
Net Unrealized
Gains (Losses)
 
Total
 
Net Realized
Gains (Losses)
 
Net Unrealized
Gains (Losses)
 
Total
Private Equity (1)
$
41,842

 
$
655,296

 
$
697,138

 
$
128,066

 
$
295,036

 
$
423,102

Credit (1)
(143,697
)
 
(28,713
)
 
(172,410
)
 
(398,394
)
 
414,835

 
16,441

Investments of Consolidated CFEs (1)
(78,052
)
 
(84,917
)
 
(162,969
)
 
(4,880
)
 
28,047

 
23,167

Real Assets (1)
23,350

 
205,510

 
228,860

 
(58,687
)
 
177,391

 
118,704

Equity Method - Other (1)
(153,943
)
 
353,764

 
199,821

 
16,183

 
52,367

 
68,550

Other Investments (1)
(318,100
)
 
(21,502
)
 
(339,602
)
 
(203,988
)
 
101,600

 
(102,388
)
Foreign Exchange Forward Contracts
     and Options (2)
(39,933
)
 
114,571

 
74,638

 
18,068

 
(242,381
)
 
(224,313
)
Securities Sold Short (2)
528,327

 
(41,331
)
 
486,996

 
505,711

 
51,668

 
557,379

Other Derivatives (2)
3,642

 
3,036

 
6,678

 
(5,879
)
 
(5,553
)
 
(11,432
)
Debt Obligations and Other (3)
321,728

 
248,509

 
570,237

 
48,552

 
(76,701
)
 
(28,149
)
Net Gains (Losses) From Investment
     Activities
$
185,164

 
$
1,404,223

 
$
1,589,387

 
$
44,752

 
$
796,309

 
$
841,061

(1)
See Note 4 "Investments."
(2)
See Note 8 "Other Assets and Accounts Payable, Accrued Expenses and Other Liabilities."
(3)
See Note 10 "Debt Obligations."


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Table of Contents


4. INVESTMENTS
 
Investments consist of the following:
 
June 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
Private Equity
$
6,775,156

 
$
3,301,261

Credit
8,268,776

 
7,621,320

Investments of Consolidated CFEs
13,368,099

 
15,573,203

Real Assets
3,295,160

 
2,302,061

Equity Method - Other
3,949,230

 
3,324,631

Equity Method - Capital Allocation-Based Income
4,248,036

 
4,132,171

Other Investments
2,718,088

 
2,759,287

Total Investments
$
42,622,545

 
$
39,013,934

 
As of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, there were no investments which represented greater than 5% of total investments. The majority of the securities underlying private equity investments represent equity securities.

Strategic BDC Partnership with FS Investments
 
On April 9, 2018, KKR completed the transaction to form a new strategic BDC partnership with Franklin Square Holdings, L.P. ("FS Investments") to provide investment advisory services to Corporate Capital Trust ("CCT") and Corporate Capital Trust II ("CCT II"), which are business development companies ("BDCs") that were previously advised and sub-advised, respectively, by KKR, and four BDCs that were previously advised by FS Investments. Following the closing of this transaction, the new strategic BDC partnership, FS/KKR Advisor, LLC, began serving as the investment adviser to all six of the aforementioned BDCs.
 
In connection with this transaction, KKR contributed a combination of cash and intangible assets, which consisted of advisory contractual rights, in exchange for a 50% equity interest in FS/KKR Advisor, LLC. Certain of the intangible assets contributed by KKR had a carrying amount of zero. As a result, the fair value of KKR’s 50% interest in FS/KKR Advisor, LLC received in this transaction exceeded the carrying amount of the assets contributed by approximately $313 million. KKR holds a noncontrolling financial interest in FS/KKR Advisor, LLC and reports its investment in FS/KKR Advisor, LLC using the equity method of accounting.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

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Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

5. FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS
 
The following tables summarize the valuation of KKR's assets and liabilities by the fair value hierarchy. Investments classified as Equity Method - Other, for which the fair value option has not been elected, have been excluded from the tables below.
 
Assets, at fair value:
 
June 30, 2018
 
Level I
 
Level II
 
Level III
 
Total
Private Equity
$
1,349,126

 
$
353,308

 
$
5,072,722

 
$
6,775,156

Credit

 
2,185,068

 
6,083,708

 
8,268,776

Investments of Consolidated CFEs

 
12,263,585

 
1,104,514

 
13,368,099

Real Assets
5,140

 

 
3,290,020

 
3,295,160

Equity Method - Other
45,112

 
269,543

 
1,253,565

 
1,568,220

Other Investments
871,882

 
144,383

 
1,701,823

 
2,718,088

Total
2,271,260

 
15,215,887

 
18,506,352

 
35,993,499

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign Exchange Contracts and Options

 
98,058

 

 
98,058

Other Derivatives

 
31,580

 
38,533

(1) 
70,113

Total Assets
$
2,271,260

 
$
15,345,525

 
$
18,544,885

 
$
36,161,670

 
December 31, 2017
 
Level I
 
Level II
 
Level III
 
Total
Private Equity
$
1,043,390

 
$
85,581

 
$
2,172,290

 
$
3,301,261

Credit

 
2,482,383

 
5,138,937

 
7,621,320

Investments of Consolidated CFEs

 
10,220,113

 
5,353,090

 
15,573,203

Real Assets
50,794

 

 
2,251,267

 
2,302,061

Equity Method - Other
60,282

 
247,748

 
1,076,709

 
1,384,739

Other Investments
864,872

 
134,404

 
1,760,011

 
2,759,287

Total
2,019,338

 
13,170,229

 
17,752,304

 
32,941,871

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign Exchange Contracts and Options

 
96,584

 

 
96,584

Other Derivatives

 
33,125

 
51,949

(1) 
85,074

Total Assets
$
2,019,338

 
$
13,299,938

 
$
17,804,253

 
$
33,123,529


(1)
Includes derivative assets that were valued using a third-party valuation firm. The approach used to estimate the fair value of these derivative assets was generally the discounted cash flow method, which includes consideration of the current portfolio, projected portfolio construction, projected portfolio realizations, portfolio volatility (based on the volatility, correlation, and size of each underlying asset class), and the discounting of future cash flows to the reporting date.

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Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)


Liabilities, at fair value:
 
June 30, 2018
 
Level I
 
Level II
 
Level III
 
Total
Securities Sold Short
$
486,655

 
$

 
$

 
$
486,655

Foreign Exchange Contracts and Options

 
144,872

 

 
144,872

Unfunded Revolver Commitments

 

 
51,304

(1) 
51,304

Other Derivatives

 
16,764

 
27,700

(2) 
44,464

Debt Obligations of Consolidated CFEs

 
11,517,296

 
1,091,346

 
12,608,642

Total Liabilities
$
486,655

 
$
11,678,932

 
$
1,170,350

 
$
13,335,937


 
December 31, 2017
 
Level I
 
Level II
 
Level III
 
Total
Securities Sold Short
$
692,007

 
$

 
$

 
$
692,007

Foreign Exchange Contracts and Options

 
260,948

 
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