Form 10-K
Table of Contents

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM 10-K

 

x ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2009

OR

 

¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

Commission File Number 001-15663

 

 

American Realty Investors, Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Nevada   75-2847135

(State or other jurisdiction of

Incorporation or organization)

 

(IRS Employer

Identification Number)

1800 Valley View Lane, Suite 300

Dallas, Texas

  75234
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

(469) 522-4200

Registrant’s Telephone Number, including area code

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of Each Class   Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $0.01 par value   New York Stock Exchange

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:

NONE

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    Yes  ¨    No  x

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.    Yes  ¨    No  x

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulations S-T (232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  ¨    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.  x

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer  ¨    Accelerated filer  ¨
Non-accelerated filer  x (Do not check if smaller reporting company)    Smaller reporting company  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.    Yes  ¨    No  x

The aggregate market value of the shares of voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates of the Registrant, computed by reference to the closing price at which the common equity was last sold which was the sales price of the Common Stock on the New York Stock Exchange as of June 30, 2009 (the last business day of the Registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter) was $14,985,187 based upon a total of 1,469,137 shares held as of June 30, 2009 by persons believed to be non-affiliates of the Registrant. The basis of the calculation does not constitute a determination by the Registrant as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, such calculation, if made as of a date within sixty days of this filing, would yield a different value.

As of March 25, 2010, there were 11,237,066 shares of common stock outstanding.

Documents Incorporated By Reference:

Consolidated Financial Statements of Income Opportunity Realty Investors, Inc.; Commission File No. 001-14784

Consolidated Financial Statements of Transcontinental Realty Investors, Inc.; Commission File No. 1-9240

 

 

 


Table of Contents

INDEX TO

ANNUAL REPORT ON FORM 10-K

 

         Page
PART I

Item 1.

  Business.    3

Item 1A.

  Risk Factors.    10

Item 1B.

  Unresolved Staff Comments.    16

Item 2.

  Properties.    17

Item 3.

  Legal Proceedings.    22

Item 4.

  Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders.    22
PART II

Item 5.

  Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters, and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.    23

Item 6.

  Selected Financial Data.    26

Item 7.

  Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.    27

Item 7A.

  Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.    39

Item 8.

  Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.    41

Item 9.

  Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure.    89

Item 9A(T).

  Controls and Procedures.    89

Item 9B.

  Other Information.    89
PART III

Item 10.

  Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance.    90

Item 11.

  Executive Compensation.    98

Item 12.

  Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters.    99

Item 13.

  Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence.    100

Item 14.

  Principal Accounting Fees and Services.    102
PART IV

Item 15.

  Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules.    104

Signature Page

   106

 

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FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

Certain Statements in this Form 10-K are forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. The words “estimate,” “plan,” “intend,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “believe,” and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. The forward-looking statements are found at various places throughout this Report and in the documents incorporated herein by reference. The Company disclaims any intention or obligations to update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. Although we believe that our expectations are based upon reasonable assumptions, we can give no assurance that our goals will be achieved. Important factors that could cause our actual results to differ from estimates or projections contained in any forward-looking statements are described in Part I, Item 1A. “Risk Factors”.

PART I

 

ITEM 1. BUSINESS

General

As used herein, the terms “ARL,” “the Company,” “We,” “Our,” or “Us” refer to American Realty Investors, Inc., a Nevada corporation, individually or together with its subsidiaries. The Company’s common stock trades on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol “ARL”. ARL is a “C” corporation for U.S. federal income tax purposes. ARL was organized in 1999. In August 2000, the Company acquired American Realty Trust, Inc., a Georgia corporation (“ART”) and National Realty LP; a Delaware limited partnership (“NRLP”). ART was the successor to a District of Columbia business trust organized in 1961. The business trust was merged into ART in 1988. NRLP was organized in 1987 and subsequently acquired all of the assets and assumed all of the liabilities of several public and private limited partnerships. NRLP also owned a portfolio of real estate and mortgage loan investments.

ARL subsidiaries own approximately 82.8% of the outstanding shares of common stock of Transcontinental Realty Investors, Inc., a Nevada corporation (“TCI”) whose common stock is traded on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol “TCI”. ARL has consolidated TCI’s accounts and operations since March 2003.

On July 17, 2009, TCI, a subsidiary of ARL, acquired from Syntek West, Inc., (“SWI”), 2,518,934 shares of common stock, par value $0.01 per share of IOT at an aggregate price of $17,884,431 (approximately $7.10 per share), the full amount of which was paid by TCI through an assumption of an aggregate amount of indebtedness of $17,884,431 on the outstanding balance owed by SWI to IOT. The 2,518,934 shares of IOT common stock acquired by TCI constituted approximately 60.4% of the issued and outstanding common stock of IOT. TCI has owned for several years an aggregate of 1,037,184 shares of common stock of IOT (approximately 25% of the issued and outstanding). After giving effect to the transaction on July 17, 2009, TCI owns an aggregate of 3,556,118 shares of IOT common stock which constitutes approximately 85.3% of the shares of common stock of IOT outstanding (which is a total of 4,168,214 shares).

With TCI’s acquisition of the additional shares on July 17, 2009, which increased the aggregate ownership to in excess of 80%, beginning in July 2009, IOT’s results of operations are now consolidated with those of TCI for tax and financial reporting purposes. At the time of the acquisition, the historical accounting value of IOT’s assets was $112 million and liabilities were $43 million. In that the shares of IOT acquired by TCI were from a related party, the values recorded by TCI are IOT’s historical accounting values at the date of transfer. The Company’s fair valuation of IOT’s assets and liabilities at the acquisition date approximated IOT’s book value. The net difference between the purchase price and historical accounting basis of the assets and liabilities acquired was $35 million and has been reflected by TCI as deferred income. The deferred income will be recognized upon the sale of the land that IOT held on its books as of the date of sale, to an independent third party.

 

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ARL’s Board of Directors represents the Company’s shareholders and is responsible for directing the overall affairs of ARL and for setting the strategic policies that guide the Company. The Board of Directors has delegated the day-to-day management of the Company to Prime under a written Advisory Agreement that is reviewed annually by ARL’s Board of Directors. Prime’s duties include but are not limited to locating, evaluating and recommending real estate and real estate-related investment opportunities. Prime also arranges, for ARL’s benefit, debt and equity financing with third party lenders and investors. Prime is compensated by ARL under the Advisory Agreement that is more fully described in Part III, Item 10. “Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance”.

ARL’s contractual advisor is Prime Income Asset Management, LLC, a Nevada limited liability company (“Prime”) the sole member of which is Prime Income Asset Management, Inc. a Nevada corporation (“PIAMI”) which is owned 100% by Realty Advisors, LLC, a Nevada limited liability company, the sole member of which is Realty Advisors, Inc., a Nevada corporation, which is owned 100% by a Trust known as the May Trust. See also Part III, Item 10. “Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance—The Advisor”.

Prime also serves as advisor to TCI and since July 1, 2009, to IOT. The officers of ARL are also officers of TCI, IOT and Prime. The directors of ARL also serve as directors of TCI. Two directors of ARL also serve as directors of IOT. The Chairman of the Board of Directors of ARL also serve as the Chairman of the Board of Directors of TCI. Affiliates of Prime have provided property management services to ARL. Currently, Triad Realty Services, LP. (“Triad”), subcontracts with other entities for property-level management services. The general partner of Triad is PIAMI. The limited partner of Triad is HRS Holdings, LLC (“HRSHLLC”). Triad subcontracts the property-level management and leasing our commercial properties (shopping centers, office buildings, and industrial warehouses) to Regis Realty I, LLC (“Regis I”) which is owned by HRSHLLC. Regis I receives property and construction management fees and leasing commissions in accordance with the terms of its property-level management agreement with Triad. Regis Hotel I, LLC, manages our hotels. The sole member of Regis I and Regis Hotel I, LLC is HRSHLLC.

Regis I is also entitled to receive real estate brokerage commissions in accordance with the terms of the Advisory Agreement as discussed in Part III, Item 10. “Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance.”

ARL has no employees. Employees of Prime render services to ARL in accordance with the terms of the Advisory Agreement.

ARL’s primary business is the acquisition, development and ownership of income-producing residential, hotel and commercial real estate properties. In addition, ARL opportunistically acquires land for future development in in-fill or high-growth suburban markets. From time to time and when we believe it appropriate to do so, we will also sell land and income-producing properties. We generate revenues by leasing apartment units to residents; leasing office, industrial and retail space to various for-profit businesses as well as certain local, state and federal agencies; leasing trade show and exhibit space to temporary as well as long-term tenants; and renting hotel rooms to guests. We also generate revenues from gains on sales of income-producing properties and land. At December 31, 2009, our income-producing properties consisted of:

 

   

5.8 million rentable square feet of commercial properties, including 21 office buildings, six industrial properties, four retail properties, and a 344,975 square foot trade show and exhibit hall,

 

   

61 residential apartment communities comprising 11,942 units, and

 

   

Five hotels comprising 808 rooms.

 

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The following table sets forth the location of our real estate held for investment (income-producing properties only) by asset type as of December 31, 2009:

 

     Apartments    Commercial    Hotels

Location

   No.    Units    No.    SF    No.    Rooms

Greater Dallas-Ft Worth, TX

   23    4,649    17    2,945,716      

Greater Houston, TX

   8    2,272            

San Antonio, TX

   3    852            

Temple, TX

   2    452            

Other Texas

   6    1,329            

Mississippi

   6    328    1    26,000      

Arkansas

   4    580            

Tennessee

   3    532            

Baton Rouge, LA

   1    160            

Kansas

   1    320            

Ohio

   1    200            

Nebraska

   1    115            

New Orleans, LA

         6    1,369,388      

Alaska

         1    20,715      

Florida

   2    153    1    6,722      

Illinois

         1    306,609      

Indiana

         1    220,461      

Michigan

         1    179,741      

Oklahoma

         1    225,566      

Wisconsin

         1    122,205      

California

               4    647

Colorado

         1    344,975    1    161
                             

Total

   61    11,942    32    5,768,098    5    808
                             

We finance our acquisitions primarily through operating cash flow, proceeds from the sale of land and income-producing properties and debt financing primarily in the form of property-specific first-lien mortgage loans from commercial banks and institutional lenders. We finance our development projects principally with short-term, variable-rate construction loans that are refinanced with the proceeds of long-term, fixed-rate amortizing mortgages when the development has been completed and occupancy has been stabilized. When we sell properties, we may carry a portion of the sales price generally in the form of a short-term, interest bearing seller-financed note receivable, secured by the property being sold. We may also from time to time enter into partnerships or joint ventures with various investors to acquire land or income-producing properties or to sell interests in certain of our properties.

We partner with various third-party development companies to construct residential apartment communities. The third-party developer typically holds a general partner as well as a limited partner interest in a limited partnership formed for the purpose of building a single property while we generally take a limited partner interest in the limited partnership. We may contribute land to the partnership as part of our equity contribution or we may contribute the necessary funds to the partnership to acquire the land. We are required to fund all required equity contributions while the third-party developer is responsible for obtaining construction financing, hiring a general contractor and for the overall management, successful completion and delivery of the project. We generally bear all the economic risks and rewards of ownership in these partnerships and therefore include these partnerships in our consolidated financial statements. The third-party developer is paid a developer fee typically equal to a percentage of the construction costs. When the project reaches stabilized occupancy, we acquire the third-party developer’s partnership interests in exchange for any remaining unpaid developer fees.

 

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At December 31, 2009, our apartment projects in development included (dollars in thousands):

 

Property

   Location    No. of
Units
   Costs to
Date
   Total
Projected
Costs
           
           

Denham Springs

   Garland, TX    224    $ 3,092    $ 20,632

Toulon

   Gautier, MS    240      2,876      27,350
                     

Total

      464    $ 5,968    $ 47,982
                     

We are partnered in a joint venture with HarmInvest GmbH, Berlin, to develop an approximately 420 acre former naval base into a holiday resort located in the northeastern section of Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. It will be a multi-family resort area with vacation homes, hotels, a marina and yacht club, along with an 18-hole golf course.

We have made investments in a number of large tracts of undeveloped and partially developed land and intend to a) continue to improve these tracts of land for our own development purposes or b) make the improvements necessary to ready the land for sale to other developers.

At December 31, 2009, our investments in undeveloped and partially developed land consisted of the following (dollars in thousands):

 

Property

 

Location

   Date(s)
Acquired
  Acres   Cost  

Primary

Intended Use

          

Avana (Circle C)

  Austin, TX    2006   1,092   $ 42,953   Single-family residential

Dallas North Tollway Multi-Tracts

  Dallas, TX    2006   17     16,005   Commercial

Capital City Center

  Jackson, MS    2007-2008   8     12,872   Mixed use

Kaufman County Multi-Tracts

  Kaufman County, TX    2000-2008   2,831     11,882   Single-family residential

Las Colinas Multi-Tracts

  Irving, TX    1995-2006   233     17,137   Commercial

US Virgin Islands Multi-Tracts

  St. Thomas, USVI    2005-2008   91     16,320   Single-family residential

Meloy Portage

  Kent, OH    2004   53     5,119   Single-family residential

McKinney Multi-Tracts

  McKinney, TX    1997-2008   242     28,846   Mixed use

Mercer Crossing

  Dallas, TX    1996-2008   918     129,821   Mixed use

Pioneer Crossing

  Austin, TX    1997-2005   887     37,320   Multi-family residential

Port Olpenitz

  Kappeln, Germany    2008   420     19,977   Mixed use

Travis Ranch

  Kaufman County, TX    2008   25     2,780   Multi-family residential

Valley Ranch Multi-Tracts

  Irving, TX    2004   30     5,826   Commercial

Waco Multi-Tracts

  Waco, TX    2005-2006   502     4,911   Single-family residential

Windmill Farms

  Kaufman County, TX    2008   3,290     68,405   Single-family residential

Woodmont Multi-Tracts

  Dallas, TX    2006-2008   76     50,210   Mixed use
                

Subtotal

       10,715     470,384  

Other land holdings

  Various    1990-2008   920     63,028   Various
                

Total land holdings

       11,635   $ 533,412  
                

Significant Real Estate Acquisitions/Dispositions and Financings

A summary of some of the significant transactions for the year ended December 31, 2009 are discussed below:

In January 2009, we sold 9.3 acres of land known as Woodmont Schiff-Park Forest land located in Dallas, Texas for $7.7 million. We received $3.9 million in cash after paying off the existing debt of $3.2 million and closing costs of $0.6 million. In addition, we booked a $2.1 million receivable. There was no gain or loss recorded on the sale of the land parcel.

In January 2009, we sold the Chateau Bayou Apartments, a 122-unit complex located in Ocean Springs, Mississippi for $6.9 million. We received $3.1 million in cash after paying off the existing debt of $3.5 million and closing costs of $0.3 million. We recorded a gain on sale of $4.2 million on the property.

 

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In April 2009, we sold the Cullman Shopping Center, a 92,500 square foot facility located in Cullman, Alabama for a sales price of $4.0 million. We received $3.0 million in cash after paying off the existing debt of $1.0 million. The project was sold to a related party; therefore the gain of $1.9 million was deferred and will be recorded upon sale to a third party.

In April 2009, we sold 3.02 acres of land known as West End land located in Dallas, Texas for a sales price of $8.5 million. We received $4.6 million in cash after paying off the existing debt of $3.4 million and closing costs of $0.5 million. We recorded a gain on sale of $4.9 million on the land parcel.

In April 2009, we sold 3.13 acres of land known as Verandas at City View land located in Fort Worth, Texas for a sales price of $1.3 million. We paid off the existing debt of $1.3 million and closing costs. We recorded a gain on sale of $0.7 million on the land parcel.

In June 2009, we sold 3.96 acres of land known as Teleport land located in Irving, Texas for a sales price of $1.1 million. We received $1.0 million in cash after paying off the existing debt of $0.1 million and closing costs. We recorded a gain on sale of $0.4 million on the land parcel.

In June 2009, we sold the 76-unit Bridgestone apartments located in Friendswood, Texas for a sales price of $2.9 million. We received $0.83 million in cash after paying off the existing debt of $1.9 million and closing costs of $0.18 million. We recorded a gain on sale of $2.2 million on the property.

In June 2009, we sold 8.23 acres of land known as Leone land located in Irving, Texas for a sales price of $3.2 million. We received $2.0 million in cash after paying off the existing debt of $1.2 million and closing costs of $0.13 million. We recorded a gain on sale of $1.5 million on the land parcel.

In June 2009, we obtained two new $4 million loans with a commercial lender which was collateralized by ARL and TCI stock and 97 acres of Pioneer Crossing land located in Austin, Texas. We received cash of $8 million that was used to pay down our affiliate payables.

In July 2009, we sold 29.53 acres of Hines Meridian land located in Dallas, Texas and 807.90 acres of Travis Ranch land located in Kaufman County, Texas for $16.0 million. We paid off the existing debt of $13.5 million. We recorded no gain or loss on the land parcels.

In July 2009, we sold 378 acres of Beltline land located in Dallas, Texas for $2.0 million. We paid off the existing debt of $2.0 million. We recorded no gain or loss on the land parcel.

In July 2009, we sold the 5000 Space Center, a 101,500 square foot commercial facility located in San Antonio, Texas and the 5360 Tulane, a 30,000 square foot commercial facility located in Atlanta, Georgia for a sales price of $4.0 million. We received $2.7 million in cash after paying off the existing debt of $1.3 million. We recorded a gain on sale of $3.0 million on the commercial properties.

In September 2009, we purchased 54.86 acres of Gautier land located at Gautier, Mississippi for $3.4 million.

In September 2009, we obtained a new $5 million loan with a commercial lender which was collateralized by 6.51 acres of Hines land located in Farmers Branch, Texas, 2.194 acres of Valley View 34 land located in Farmers Branch, Texas, and 15.066 acres of Travelers land located in Farmers Branch, Texas. We received cash of $2.0 million after paying off $2.6 million of existing debt and $0.4 million in closing costs.

In October 2009, we sold the 2010 Valley View office building; a 40,666 square foot facility located in Farmers Branch, Texas, for a sales price of $3.2 million. We received $1.2 million in cash by way of an intercompany note receivable increase after paying off the existing debt of $2.0 million. The property was sold to

 

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a related party; therefore the gain of $0.8 million was deferred and will be recorded upon sale to a third party. We also sold the Parkway Centre retail shopping center; a 28,374 square foot facility located in Dallas, Texas, for a sales price of $4.0 million. We received $1.3 million in cash by way of an intercompany note receivable increase after paying off the existing debt of $2.6 million. The property was sold to a related party; therefore the gain of $0.6 million was deferred and will be recorded upon sale to a third party.

In November 2009, we acquired 27.192 acres of McKinney Ranch land located in McKinney, Texas in lieu of a note receivable payoff of $6.4 million and existing mortgage assumption of $5.3 million.

In November 2009, we purchased the Keller Springs Technical Center, an 80,000 square foot commercial building located in Carrollton, Texas for $6.0 million. We assumed the current mortgage of $6.0 million.

In December 2009, we sold the Bridges on Kinsey Apartments, a 232-unit complex, located in Tyler, Texas for $20.5 million. We received $6.8 million in cash, and the buyer assumed the existing mortgage of $14.0 million secured by the property. The property was sold to a related party; therefore the gain of $5.2 million was deferred and will be recorded upon sale to a third party.

We continue to invest in the development of apartments and various projects. During the twelve months ended December 31, 2009, we have expended $32.4 million on construction and development and capitalized $10.8 million of interest costs.

Business Plan and Investment Policy

Our business objective is to maximize long-term value for our stockholders by investing in commercial real estate through the acquisition, development and ownership of apartments, commercial properties, hotels, and land. We intend to achieve this objective through acquiring and developing properties in multiple markets and operating as an industry-leading landlord. We believe this objective will provide the benefits of enhanced investment opportunities, economies of scale and risk diversification, both in terms of geographic market and real estate product type. We believe our objective will also result in continuing access to favorably priced debt and equity capital. In pursuing our business objective, we seek to achieve a combination of internal and external growth while maintaining a strong balance sheet and employing a strategy of financial flexibility. We maximize the value of our apartments and commercial properties by maintaining high occupancy levels while charging competitive rental rates, controlling costs and focusing on tenant retention. We also pursue attractive development opportunities either directly or in partnership with other investors.

For our portfolio of commercial properties, we generate increased operating cash flow through annual contractual increases in rental rates under existing leases. We also seek to identify best practices within our industry and across our business units in order to enhance cost savings and gain operating efficiencies. We employ capital improvement and preventive maintenance programs specifically designed to reduce operating costs and increase the long-term value of our real estate investments.

We seek to acquire properties consistent with our business objectives and strategies. We execute our acquisition strategy by purchasing properties which management believes will create stockholder value over the long-term. We will also sell properties when management believes value has been maximized or when a property is no longer considered an investment to be held long-term.

We are continuously in various stages of discussions and negotiations with respect to development, acquisition, and disposition projects. The consummation of any current or future development, acquisition, or disposition, if any, and the pace at which any may be completed cannot be assured or predicted.

Substantially all of our properties are owned by subsidiary companies, many of which are single-asset entities. This ownership structure permits greater access to financing for individual properties and permits flexibility in negotiating a sale of either the asset or the equity interests in the entity owning the asset. From

 

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time-to-time, our subsidiaries have invested in joint ventures with other investors, creating the possibility of risks that do not exist with properties solely owned by an ARL subsidiary. In those instances where other investors are involved, those other investors may have business, economic, or other objectives that are inconsistent with our objectives, which may in turn require us to make investment decisions different from those if we were the sole owner.

Real estate generally cannot be sold quickly. We may not be able to promptly dispose of properties in response to economic or other conditions. To offset this challenge, selective dispositions have been a part of our strategy to maintain an efficient investment portfolio and to provide additional sources of capital. We finance acquisitions through mortgages, internally generated funds, and, to a lesser extent, property sales. Those sources provide the bulk of funds for future acquisitions. We may purchase properties by assuming existing loans secured by the acquired property. When properties are acquired in such a manner, we customarily seek to refinance the asset in order to properly leverage the asset in a manner consistent with our investment objectives.

Our businesses are not generally seasonal with regard to real estate investments. Our investment strategy seeks both current income and capital appreciation. Our plan of operation is to continue, to the extent our liquidity permits, to make equity investments in income-producing real estate such as hotels, apartments, and commercial properties. We may also invest in the debt or equity securities of real estate-related entities. We intend to pursue higher risk, higher reward investments, such as improved and unimproved land where we can obtain reasonably-priced financing for substantially all of a property’s purchase price. We intend to continue the development of apartment properties in selected markets in Texas and in other locations where we believe adequate levels of demand exist. We intend to pursue sales opportunities for properties in stabilized real estate markets where we believe our properties’ value has been maximized. We also intend to be an opportunistic seller of properties in markets where demand exceeds current supply. Although we no longer actively seek to fund or purchase mortgage loans, we may, in selected instances, originate mortgage loans or we may provide purchase money financing in conjunction with a property sale.

Our Board of Directors has broad authority under our governing documents to make all types of investments, and we may devote available resources to particular investments or types of investments without restriction on the amount or percentage of assets that may be allocated to a single investment or to any particular type of investment, and without limit on the percentage of securities of any one issuer that may be acquired. Investment objectives and policies may be changed at any time by the Board without stockholder approval.

The specific composition from time-to-time of our real estate portfolio owned by ARL directly and through our subsidiaries depends largely on the judgment of management to changing investment opportunities and the level of risk associated with specific investments or types of investments. We intend to maintain a real estate portfolio that is diversified by both location and type of property.

Competition

The real estate business is highly competitive and we compete with numerous companies engaged in real estate activities (including certain entities described in Part III, Item 13. “Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence”), some of which have greater financial resources than ARL. We believe that success against such competition is dependent upon the geographic location of a property, the performance of property-level managers in areas such as leasing and marketing, collection of rents and control of operating expenses, the amount of new construction in the area and the maintenance and appearance of the property. Additional competitive factors include ease of access to a property, the adequacy of related facilities such as parking and other amenities, and sensitivity to market conditions in determining rent levels. With respect to apartments, competition is also based upon the design and mix of the units and the ability to provide a community atmosphere for the residents. With respect to hotels, competition is also based upon the market served, i.e., transient, commercial, or group users. We believe that beyond general economic circumstances and trends, the degree to which properties are renovated or new properties are developed in the competing submarket are also competitive factors. See also Part I, Item 1A. “Risk Factors”.

 

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To the extent that ARL seeks to sell any of its properties, the sales prices for the properties may be affected by competition from other real estate owners and financial institutions also attempting to sell properties in areas where ARL’s properties are located, as well as aggressive buyers attempting to dominate or penetrate a particular market.

As described above and in Part III, Item 13. “Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence”, the officers and directors of ARL serve as officers and directors of TCI, the officers of ARL serve as the officers of IOT and one director of ARL is also a director of IOT. TCI and IOT have business objectives similar to ARL. ARL’s officers and directors owe fiduciary duties to both IOT and TCI as well as to ARL under applicable law. In determining whether a particular investment opportunity will be allocated to ARL, IOT, or TCI, management considers the respective investment objectives of each Company and the appropriateness of a particular investment in light of each Company’s existing real estate and mortgage notes receivable portfolio. To the extent that any particular investment opportunity is appropriate to more than one of the entities, the investment opportunity may be allocated to the entity which has had funds available for investment for the longest period of time, or, if appropriate, the investment may be shared among all three or two of the entities.

In addition, as described in Part III, Item 13. “Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence”, ARL competes with affiliates of Prime having similar investment objectives related to the acquisition, development, disposition, leasing and financing of real estate and real estate-related investments. In resolving any potential conflicts of interest which may arise, Prime has informed ARL that it intends to exercise its best judgment as to what is fair and reasonable under the circumstances in accordance with applicable law.

We have historically engaged in and will continue to engage in certain business transactions with related parties, including but not limited to asset acquisitions and dispositions. Transactions involving related parties cannot be presumed to be carried out on an arm’s length basis due to the absence of free market forces that naturally exist in business dealings between two or more unrelated entities. Related party transactions may not always be favorable to our business and may include terms, conditions and agreements that are not necessarily beneficial to or in the best interests of our company.

Available Information

ARL maintains an Internet site at http://www.amrealtytrust.com. Available through the website, free of charge, are Annual Reports on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K, reports filed pursuant to Section 16, and amendments to those reports, as soon as reasonably practicable after they are electronically filed or furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission. In addition, we have posted the charters for the Audit Committee, Compensation Committee, and Governance and Nominating Committee, as well as the Code of Business Conduct and Ethics, Corporate Governance Guidelines on Director Independence, and other information on the website. These charters and principles are not incorporated in this report by reference. We will also provide a copy of these documents free of charge to stockholders upon written request. The Company issues Annual Reports containing audited financial statements to its common stockholders.

 

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS

An investment in our securities involves various risks. All investors should carefully consider the following risk factors in conjunction with the other information in this Report before trading our securities.

 

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Risk Factors Related to our Business

Adverse events concerning our existing tenants or negative market conditions affecting our existing tenants could have an adverse impact on our ability to attract new tenants, release space, collect rent or renew leases, and thus could adversely affect cash flow from operations and inhibit growth.

Cash flow from operations depends in part on the ability to lease space to tenants on economically favorable terms. We could be adversely affected by various facts and events over which the Company has limited or no control, such as:

 

   

lack of demand for space in areas where the properties are located;

 

   

inability to retain existing tenants and attract new tenants;

 

   

oversupply of or reduced demand for space and changes in market rental rates;

 

   

defaults by tenants or failure to pay rent on a timely basis;

 

   

the need to periodically renovate and repair marketable space;

 

   

physical damage to properties;

 

   

economic or physical decline of the areas where properties are located; and

 

   

potential risk of functional obsolescence of properties over time.

At any time, any tenant may experience a downturn in its business that may weaken its financial condition. As a result, a tenant may delay lease commencement, fail to make rental payments when due, decline to extend a lease upon its expiration, become insolvent or declare bankruptcy. Any tenant bankruptcy or insolvency, leasing delay or failure to make rental payments when due could result in the termination of the tenant’s lease and material losses to the Company.

If tenants do not renew their leases as they expire, we may not be able to rent the space. Furthermore, leases that are renewed, and some new leases for space that is re-let, may have terms that are less economically favorable than expiring lease terms, or may require us to incur significant costs, such as renovations, tenant improvements or lease transaction costs. Any of these events could adversely affect cash flow from operations and our ability to make distributions to shareholders and service indebtedness. A significant portion of the costs of owning property, such as real estate taxes, insurance, and debt service payments, are not necessarily reduced when circumstances cause a decrease in rental income from the properties.

We may not be able to compete successfully with other entities that operate in our industry.

We experience a great deal of competition in attracting tenants for the properties and in locating land to develop and properties to acquire.

In our effort to lease properties, we compete for tenants with a broad spectrum of other landlords in each of the markets. These competitors include, among others, publicly-held REITs, privately-held entities, individual property owners and tenants who wish to sublease their space. Some of these competitors may be able to offer prospective tenants more attractive financial terms than we are able to offer.

If the availability of land or high quality properties in our markets diminishes, operating results could be adversely affected.

We may experience increased operating costs which could adversely affect our financial results and the value of our properties.

Our properties are subject to increases in operating expenses such as insurance, cleaning, electricity, heating, ventilation and air conditioning, administrative costs and other costs associated with security,

 

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landscaping, repairs, and maintenance of the properties. While some current tenants are obligated by their leases to reimburse us for a portion of these costs, there is no assurance that these tenants will make such payments or agree to pay these costs upon renewal or new tenants will agree to pay these costs. If operating expenses increase in our markets, we may not be able to increase rents or reimbursements in all of these markets to offset the increased expenses, without at the same time decreasing occupancy rates. If this occurs, our ability to make distributions to shareholders and service indebtedness could be adversely affected.

Our ability to achieve growth in operating income depends in part on its ability to develop additional properties.

We intend to continue to develop properties where warranted by market conditions. We have a number of ongoing development and land projects being readied for commencement.

Additionally, general construction and development activities include the following risks:

 

   

construction and leasing of a property may not be completed on schedule, which could result in increased expenses and construction costs, and would result in reduced profitability for that property;

 

   

construction costs may exceed original estimates due to increases in interest rates and increased cost of materials, labor or other costs, possibly making the property less profitable because of inability to increase rents to compensate for the increase in construction costs;

 

   

some developments may fail to achieve expectations, possibly making them less profitable;

 

   

we may be unable to obtain, or face delays in obtaining, required zoning, land-use, building, occupancy, and other governmental permits and authorizations, which could result in increased costs and could require us to abandon our activities entirely with respect to a project;

 

   

we may abandon development opportunities after the initial exploration, which may result in failure to recover costs already incurred. If we determine to alter or discontinue its development efforts, future costs of the investment may be expensed as incurred rather than capitalized and we may determine the investment is impaired resulting in a loss;

 

   

we may expend funds on and devote management’s time to projects which will not be completed; and

 

   

occupancy rates and rents at newly-completed properties may fluctuate depending on various factors including market and economic conditions, and may result in lower than projected rental rates and reduced income from operations.

We face risks associated with property acquisitions.

We acquire individual properties and various portfolios of properties and intend to continue to do so. Acquisition activities are subject to the following risks:

 

   

when we are able to locate a desired property, competition from other real estate investors may significantly increase the seller’s offering price;

 

   

acquired properties may fail to perform as expected;

 

   

the actual costs of repositioning or redeveloping acquired properties may be higher than original estimates;

 

   

acquired properties may be located in new markets where we face risks associated with an incomplete knowledge or understanding of the local market, a limited number of established business relationships in the area and a relative unfamiliarity with local governmental and permitting procedures; and

 

   

we may be unable to quickly and efficiently integrate new acquisitions, particularly acquisitions of portfolios of properties, into existing operations, and results of operations and financial condition could be adversely affected.

 

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We may acquire properties subject to liabilities and without any recourse, or with limited recourse, with respect to unknown liabilities. However, if an unknown liability was later asserted against the acquired properties, we might be required to pay substantial sums to settle it, which could adversely affect cash flow.

Many of our properties are concentrated in our primary markets and the Company may suffer economic harm as a result of adverse conditions in those markets.

Our properties are located principally in specific geographic areas in the Southwestern United States. The Company’s overall performance is largely dependent on economic conditions in those regions.

We are leveraged and may not be able to meet our debt service obligations.

We had total indebtedness at December 31, 2009 of approximately $1.4 billion. Substantially all assets have been pledged to secure debt. These borrowings increase the risk of loss because they represent a prior claim on assets and most require fixed payments regardless of profitability. Our leveraged position makes us vulnerable to declines in the general economy and may limit the Company’s ability to pursue other business opportunities in the future.

We may not be able to access financial markets to obtain capital on a timely basis, or on acceptable terms.

We rely on proceeds from property dispositions and third party capital sources for a portion of its capital needs, including capital for acquisitions and development. The public debt and equity markets are among the sources upon which the Company relies. There is no guarantee that we will be able to access these markets or any other source of capital. The ability to access the public debt and equity markets depends on a variety of factors, including:

 

   

general economic conditions affecting these markets;

 

   

our own financial structure and performance;

 

   

the market’s opinion of real estate companies in general; and

 

   

the market’s opinion of real estate companies that own similar properties.

We may suffer adverse effects as a result of terms and covenants relating to the Company’s indebtedness.

Required payments on our indebtedness generally are not reduced if the economic performance of the portfolio declines. If the economic performance declines, net income, cash flow from operations and cash available for distribution to stockholders may be reduced. If payments on debt cannot be made, we could sustain a loss or suffer judgments, or in the case of mortgages, suffer foreclosures by mortgagees. Further, some obligations contain cross-default and/or cross-acceleration provisions, which means that a default on one obligation may constitute a default on other obligations.

We anticipate only a small portion of the principal of its debt will be repaid prior to maturity. Therefore, we are likely to refinance a portion of its outstanding debt as it matures. There is a risk that we may not be able to refinance existing debt or the terms of any refinancing will not be as favorable as the terms of the maturing debt. If principal balances due at maturity cannot be refinanced, extended, or repaid with proceeds from other sources, such as the proceeds of sales of assets or new equity capital, cash flow may not be sufficient to repay all maturing debt in years when significant “balloon” payments come due.

Our credit facilities and unsecured debt contain customary restrictions, requirements and other limitations on the ability to incur indebtedness, including total debt to asset ratios, secured debt to total asset ratios, debt service coverage ratios, and minimum ratios of unencumbered assets to unsecured debt. Our continued ability to

 

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borrow is subject to compliance with financial and other covenants. In addition, failure to comply with such covenants could cause a default under credit facilities, and we may then be required to repay such debt with capital from other sources. Under those circumstances, other sources of capital may not be available, or be available only on unattractive terms.

Our degree of leverage could limit our ability to obtain additional financing or affect the market price of our common stock.

The degree of leverage could affect our ability to obtain additional financing for working capital, capital expenditures, acquisitions, development or other general corporate purposes. The degree of leverage could also make us more vulnerable to a downturn in business or the general economy.

An increase in interest rates would increase interest costs on variable rate debt and could adversely impact the ability to refinance existing debt.

We currently have, and may incur more, indebtedness that bears interest at variable rates. Accordingly, if interest rates increase, so will the interest costs, which could adversely affect cash flow and the ability to pay principal and interest on our debt and the ability to make distributions to shareholders. Further, rising interest rates could limit our ability to refinance existing debt when it matures.

Unbudgeted capital expenditures or cost overruns could adversely affect business operations and cash flow.

If capital expenditures for ongoing or planned development projects or renovations exceed expectations, the additional cost of these expenditures could have an adverse effect on business operations and cash flow. In addition, we might not have access to funds on a timely basis to pay the unexpected expenditures.

Construction costs are funded in large part through construction financing, which the Company may guarantee. The Company’s obligation to pay interest on this financing continues until the rental project is completed, leased up and permanent financing is obtained, or the for sale project is sold, or the construction loan is otherwise paid. Unexpected delays in completion of one or more ongoing projects could also have a significant adverse impact on business operations and cash flow.

We may need to sell properties from time to time for cash flow purposes.

Because of the lack of liquidity of real estate investments generally, our ability to respond to changing circumstances may be limited. Real estate investments generally cannot be sold quickly. In the event that we must sell assets to generate cash flow, we cannot predict whether there will be a market for those assets in the time period desired, or whether we will be able to sell the assets at a price that will allow the Company to fully recoup its investment. We may not be able to realize the full potential value of the assets and may incur costs related to the early pay-off of the debt secured by such assets.

The Company intends to devote resources to the development of new projects.

We plan to continue developing new projects as opportunities arise in the future. Development and construction activities entail a number of risks, including but not limited to the following:

 

   

we may abandon a project after spending time and money determining its feasibility;

 

   

construction costs may materially exceed original estimates;

 

   

the revenue from a new project may not be enough to make it profitable or generate a positive cash flow;

 

   

we may not be able to obtain financing on favorable terms for development of a property, if at all;

 

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the Company may not complete construction and lease-ups on schedule, resulting in increased development or carrying costs; and

 

   

we may not be able to obtain, or may be delayed in obtaining, necessary governmental permits.

The overall business is subject to all of the risks associated with the real estate industry.

We are subject to all risks incident to investment in real estate, many of which relate to the general lack of liquidity of real estate investments, including, but not limited to:

 

   

our real estate assets are concentrated primarily in the Southwest and any deterioration in the general economic conditions of this region could have an adverse effect;

 

   

changes in interest rates may make the ability to satisfy debt service requirements more burdensome;

 

   

lack of availability of financing may render the purchase, sale or refinancing of a property more difficult or unattractive;

 

   

changes in real estate and zoning laws;

 

   

increases in real estate taxes and insurance costs;

 

   

federal or local economic or rent control;

 

   

acts of terrorism, and

 

   

hurricanes, tornadoes, floods, earthquakes and other similar natural disasters.

Our performance and value are subject to risks associated with our real estate assets and with the real estate industry.

Our economic performance and the value of our real estate assets, and consequently the value of our securities, are subject to the risk that if our properties do not generate revenues sufficient to meet our operating expenses, including debt service and capital expenditures, our cash flow will be adversely affected. The following factors, among others, may adversely affect the income generated by our properties:

   

downturns in the national, regional and local economic conditions (particularly increases in unemployment);

 

   

competition from other office, hotel and commercial buildings;

 

   

local real estate market conditions, such as oversupply or reduction in demand for office, hotel or other commercial space;

 

   

changes in interest rates and availability of financing;

 

   

vacancies, changes in market rental rates and the need to periodically repair, renovate and re-let space;

 

   

increased operating costs, including insurance expense, utilities, real estate taxes, state and local taxes and heightened security costs;

 

   

civil disturbances, earthquakes and other natural disasters, or terrorist acts or acts of war which may result in uninsured or underinsured losses;

 

   

significant expenditures associated with each investment, such as debt service payments, real estate taxes, insurance and maintenance costs which are generally not reduced when circumstances cause a reduction in revenues from a property;

 

   

declines in the financial condition of our tenants and our ability to collect rents from our tenants; and

 

   

decreases in the underlying value of our real estate.

 

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Adverse economic and geopolitical conditions and dislocations in the credit markets could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, and financial condition.

Our business may be affected by market and economic challenges experienced by the U.S. economy or real estate industry as a whole or by the local economic conditions in the markets in which our properties are located, including the current dislocations in the credit markets and general global economic recession. These current conditions, or similar conditions existing in the future, may adversely affect our results of operations, and financial condition as a result of the following, among other potential consequences:

 

   

the financial condition of our tenants may be adversely affected which may result in tenant defaults under leases due to bankruptcy, lack of liquidity, operational failures or for other reasons;

 

   

significant job losses within our tenants may occur, which may decrease demand for our office space, causing market rental rates and property values to be negatively impacted;

 

   

our ability to borrow on terms and conditions that we find acceptable, or at all, may be limited, which could reduce our ability to pursue acquisition and development opportunities and refinance existing debt, reduce our returns from our acquisition and development activities and increase our future interest expense;

 

   

reduced values of our properties may limit our ability to dispose of assets at attractive prices or to obtain debt financing secured by our properties and may reduce the availability of unsecured loans; and

 

   

one or more lenders could refuse to fund their financing commitment to us or could fail and we may not be able to replace the financing commitment of any such lenders on favorable terms, or at all.

Real estate investments are illiquid, and the Company may not be able to sell properties if and when it is appropriate to do so.

Real estate generally cannot be sold quickly. We may not be able to dispose of properties promptly in response to economic or other conditions. In addition, provisions of the Internal Revenue Code may limit our ability to sell properties (without incurring significant tax costs) in some situations when it may be otherwise economically advantageous to do so, thereby adversely affecting returns to stockholders and adversely impacting our ability to meet our obligations.

 

ITEM 1B. UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

None.

 

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ITEM 2. PROPERTIES

On December 31, 2009, our portfolio consisted of 98 income producing properties consisting of 61 apartments, 32 commercial properties, and five hotels. The apartments have a total of 11,942 units. The commercial properties consist of 21 office buildings, six industrial warehouses, four shopping centers, and one merchandise mart which is 344,975 square feet. The five hotels have a total of 808 rooms. The average dollar per square foot for the Company’s apartment/residential portfolio is $9.71 and $13.08 for the commercial portfolio. In addition, we own or control 11,635 acres of improved and unimproved land held for future development or sale. The table below shows information relating to those properties.

 

Apartments

  

Location

   Units    Occupancy  

Anderson Estates

   Oxford, MS    48    89.60

Blue Lake Villas I

   Waxahachie, TX    186    93.65

Blue Lake Villas II

   Waxahachie, TX    70    90.30

Breakwater Bay

   Beaumont, TX    176    95.70

Bridgewood Ranch

   Kaufman, TX    106    93.10

Capitol Hill

   Little Rock, AR    156    93.60

Chateau

   Bellevue, NE    115    93.91

Curtis Moore Estates

   Greenwood, MS    104    95.20

Dakota Arms

   Lubbock, TX    208    93.80

David Jordan Phase II

   Greenwood, MS    32    96.90

David Jordan Phase III

   Greenwood, MS    40    87.50

Desoto Ranch

   DeSoto, TX    248    96.00

Dorado Ranch

   Odessa, TX    224    89.70

Falcon Lakes

   Arlington, TX    248    92.70

Foxwood

   Memphis, TN    220    80.00

Heather Creek

   Mesquite, TX    200    92.00

Huntington Ridge

   DeSoto, TX    198    89.90

Island Bay

   Galveston, TX    458    0.00

Kingsland Ranch

   Houston, TX    398    90.20

Laguna Vista

   Dallas, TX    206    91.70

Lake Forest

   Houston, TX    240    90.00

Legends of El Paso

   El Paso, TX    240    97.10

Longfellow Arms

   Longview, TX    216    94.40

Mansions of Mansfield

   Mansfield, TX    208    94.70

Marina Landing

   Galveston, TX    256    0.00

Mariposa Villas

   Dallas, TX    216    93.10

Mason Park

   Katy, TX    312    89.10

Mission Oaks

   San Antonio, TX    228    94.70

Monticello Estate

   Monticello, AR    32    93.80

Northside on Travis

   Sherman, TX    200    82.50

Paramount Terrace

   Amarillo. TX    181    92.80

Parc at Clarksville

   Clarksville, TN    168    94.00

Parc at Maumelle

   Little Rock, AR    240    91.30

Parc at Metro Center

   Nashville, TN    144    94.40

Parc at Rogers

   Rogers, AR    152    87.60

Pecan Pointe

   Temple, TX    232    90.10

Portofino

   Farmers Branch, TX    224    86.20

Preserve at Pecan Creek

   Denton, TX    192    97.90

Quail Hollow

   Holland, OH    200    92.80

Quail Oaks

   Balch Springs, TX    131    90.84

River Oaks

   Wylie, TX    180    91.10

Riverwalk Phase I

   Greenville, MS    32    93.80

Riverwalk Phase II

   Greenville, MS    72    97.20

Savoy of Garland

   Garland, TX    144    69.44

Spyglass

   Mansfield, TX    256    91.00

Stonebridge at City Park

   Houston, TX    240    90.80

Sugar Mill

   Baton Rouge, LA    160    68.75

Treehouse

   Irving, TX    160    90.60

Verandas at City View

   Fort Worth, TX    314    92.60

Villager

   Ft Walton, FL    33    93.94

Vistas of Pinnacle Park

   Dallas, TX    332    94.00

Vistas of Vance Jackson

   San Antonio, TX    240    96.30

Westwood

   Mary Esther, FL    120    87.50

Whispering Pines

   Topeka, KS    320    94.69

Wildflower Villas

   Temple, TX    220    96.40

Windsong

   Fort Worth, TX    188    91.00
          
   Total Apartment Units    10,664   
          

 

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PROPERTIES (cont’d)

 

Office Buildings

  

Location

   SqFt    Occupancy  

1010 Common

   New Orleans, LA    512,593    74.41

217 Rampart

   New Orleans, LA    11,913    0.00

225 Baronne

   New Orleans, LA    422,037    0.00

305 Baronne

   New Orleans, LA    37,081    38.00

600 Las Colinas

   Las Colinas, TX    510,841    72.29

Amoco Building

   New Orleans, LA    378,895    89.00

Browning Place (Park West I)

   Dallas, TX    627,312    100.00

Cooley Building

   Farmers Branch, TX    27,000    69.44

Ergon Office Building

   Jackson, MS    26,000    0.00

Eton Square

   Tulsa, OK    225,566    71.23

Fenton Center (Park West II)

   Dallas, TX    696,458    74.39

Fruitland Park

   Fruitland,FL    6,722    100.00

Keller Springs Tech Center

   Carrollton, TX    80,000    100.00

One Hickory Center

   Dallas, TX    97,361    95.95

Parkway North

   Dallas, TX    69,009    72.41

Sesame Square

   Anchorage, AK    20,715    91.57

Signature Building

   Dallas, TX    58,910    0.00

Stanford Center

   Dallas, TX    336,910    100.00

Teleport

   Las Colinas, TX    6,833    100.00

Two Hickory Center

   Dallas, TX    97,117    91.33

Westgrove Air Plaza

   Addison, TX    79,652    70.53
          
      4,328,925   
          

Industrial Warehouses

  

Location

   SqFt    Occupancy  

Addison Hanger I

   Addison, TX    25,102    100.00

Addison Hanger II

   Addison, TX    24,000    100.00

Alpenloan

   Dallas, TX    28,594    0.00

Clark Garage

   New Orleans, LA    6,869    0.00

Senlac (VHP)

   Dallas, TX    2,812    100.00

Thermalloy

   Farmers Branch, TX    177,805    100.00
          
      265,182   
          

Shopping Centers

  

Location

   SqFt    Occupancy  

Bridgeview Plaza

   LaCrosse, WI    122,205    90.13

Cross County Mall

   Matoon, IL    306,609    84.71

Dunes Plaza

   Michigan City, IN    220,461    28.58

Willowbrook Village

   Coldwater, MI    179,741    81.25
          
      829,016   
          

Merchandise Mart

  

Location

   SqFt    Occupancy  

Denver Merchandise Mart

   Denver, CO    344,975    74.75
              
   Total Commercial Square Feet    5,768,098   
          

 

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PROPERTIES (cont’d)

 

Hotels

  

Location

   Rooms    Average
Occupancy Rate
    Average
Room Rate
   Total Revenues/
Total Available
Rooms

Inn at the Mart (Comfort Inn)

   Denver, CO    161    45.91   $ 72.83    $ 34.04

Piccadilly—Airport

   Fresno, CA    185    45.29     86.28      60.96

Piccadilly—Chateau

   Fresno, CA    78    45.09     78.31      35.46

Piccadilly—Shaw

   Fresno, CA    194    49.60     86.70      54.99

Piccadilly—University

   Fresno, CA    190    42.78     77.25      45.31
                           
   Total Hotel Rooms    808    45.84   $ 80.96    $ 48.02

Apartments Held for Sale

  

Location

   Units    Occupancy           

Baywalk Apartments

   Galveston, TX    192    0.00     
               
   Total Held for Sale    192        

Apartments Subject to Sales Contract

  

Location

   Units    Occupancy           

Limestone Canyon

   Austin, TX    260    90.00     

Limestone Ranch

   Lewisville, TX    252    91.70     

Sendero Ridge

   San Antonio, TX    384    91.90     

Tivoli

   Dallas, TX    190    90.00     
               
   Total Subject to Sales Contract    1,086        

Lease Expiration by Year

The table below shows the lease expirations of the commercial properties over a ten-year period (dollars in thousands):

 

Year of Lease Expiration

   Rentable
Square Feet
Subject to
Expiring
Leases
   Current
Anualized(1)
Contractual
Rent Under
Expiring
Leases
   Current
Annualized(1)
Contractual
Rent Under
Expiring
Leases
(P.S.F.)
   Percentage
of Total
Square Feet
    Percentage
of Gross
Rentals
 

2010

   587,701    $ 10,942,084    $ 18.62    10.2   16.6

2011

   782,378      12,842,876      16.42    13.6   19.5

2012

   591,525      11,868,016      20.06    10.3   18.0

2013

   724,885      7,173,984      9.90    12.6   10.9

2014

   363,836      8,255,437      22.69    6.3   12.5

2015

   66,496      1,779,328      26.76    1.2   2.7

2016

   106,481      3,020,107      28.36    1.8   4.6

2017

   385,072      6,977,105      18.12    6.7   10.6

2018

   42,042      841,567      20.02    0.7   1.3

2019

   109,507      2,326,247      21.24    1.9   3.3

Thereafter

   —        —        —       
                               

Total

   3,759,923    $ 66,026,751       65.3   100.00
                               

 

(1) Represents the monthly contractual base rent and recoveries from tenants under existing leases as of December 31, 2009 multiplied by twelve. This amount reflects total rent before any rent abatements and includes expense reimbursements which may be estimates as of such date.

 

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Land

 

Land

  

Location

   Acres

1013 Common St

   New Orleans, LA    0.41

Ackerley Land

   Dallas, TX    1.31

Alliance Airport

   Tarrant County, TX    12.70

Alliance Centurion

   Tarrant County, TX    51.90

Alliance Hickman Bluestar

   Tarrant County, TX    8.00

Archon Land

   Irving, TX    24.14

Audubon

   Adams County, MS    48.20

Backlick Land

   Springfield, VA    4.00

Bonneau Land

   Dallas County, TX    8.39

Centura Land

   Dallas, TX    10.08

Chase Oaks Land

   Plano, TX    6.54

Circle C Land

   Austin, TX    1,092.00

Cooks Lane Land

   Fort Worth, TX    23.24

Copperridge

   Dallas, TX    3.90

Creekside

   Fort Worth, TX    30.07

Crowley

   Fort Worth, TX    24.90

Dalho

   Farmers Branch, TX    2.89

Dedeaux

   Gulfport, MS    10.00

Denham Springs

   Denham Springs, LA    0.50

Denton (Andrew B)

   Denton, TX    22.90

Denton (Andrew C)

   Denton, TX    5.20

Denton Coonrod

   Denton, TX    82.80

Denton Land

   Denton, TX    15.65

Desoto Ranch

   Desoto, TX    8.02

Diplomat Drive

   Farmers Branch, TX    11.65

Dominion Tract

   Dallas, TX    10.59

Eagle Crest

   Dallas, TX    18.60

Elm Fork Land

   Denton County, TX    35.84

Ewing 8

   Addison, TX    16.79

Folsom Land

   Dallas, TX    36.38

Fortune Drive

   Irving, TX    14.88

Galleria East Center Retail

   Dallas, TX    15.00

Gautier Land

   Gauter, MS    40.06

GNB Land

   Farmers Branch, TX    45.00

Hines Meridian

   Las Colinas, TX    6.51

Hollywood Casino (Dominion)

   Farmers Branch, TX    18.56

Hollywood Casino Land

   Farmers Branch, TX    13.85

HSM Cummings

   Farmers Branch, TX    6.11

Hunter Equities Land

   Dallas, TX    2.56

Jackson Convention Center

   Jackson, MS    7.95

JHL Connell

   Carrollton, TX    2.11

Kaufman—Adams

   Kaufman County, TX    193.73

Kaufman—Bridgewood

   Kaufman County, TX    5.04

Kaufman—Cogen Land

   Forney, TX    2,567.00

Kaufman—Stagliano

   Forney, TX    34.80

Kaufman—Taylor

   Forney, TX    31.00

Keenan Bridge Land

   Farmers Branch, TX    7.36

Keller Springs Lofts

   Addison, TX    7.40

Kelly Lots

   Collin County, TX    0.75

Kinwest Manor

   Irving, TX    7.98

Lacy Longhorn Land

   Farmers Branch, TX    17.12

LaDue Land

   Farmers Branch, TX    8.01

Lake Shore Villas

   Humble, TX    19.51

Lamar/Palmer Land

   Austin, TX    17.07

 

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LAND (cont’d)      

Land

  

Location

   Acres

Las Colinas—Walnut Hill

   Las Colinas, TX    1.58

Las Colinas (Cigna)

   Las Colinas, TX    4.70

Las Colinas Station

   Las Colinas, TX    10.08

Las Colinas Village

   Las Colinas, TX    16.81

LCLLP (Kinwest/Hackberry)

   Las Colinas, TX    27.97

Limestone Canyon II

   Austin, TX    9.96

Lubbock Land

   Lubbock, TX    2.86

Luna (Carr)

   Farmers Branch, TX    2.60

Luna Ventures

   Farmers Branch, TX    26.74

Mandahl Bay Land

   US Virgin Islands    91.10

Manhattan Land

   Farmers Branch, TX    108.90

Mansfield Land

   Mansfield, TX    21.89

Marine Creek

   Fort Worth, TX    44.17

McKinney 36

   Collin County, TX    34.48

McKinney Corners II

   Collin County, TX    6.76

McKinney Ranch Land

   McKinney,TX    200.68

Meloy/Portage Land

   Kent, OH    52.95

Nashville Land

   Nashville, TN    11.87

Nicholson Croslin

   Dallas, TX    0.80

Nicholson Mendoza

   Dallas, TX    0.35

Ocean Estates

   Gulfport, MS    12.00

Pac Trust Land

   Farmers Branch, TX    7.07

Palmer Lane (Las Praderas)

   Austin, TX    367.43

Pantaze Land

   Dallas, TX    6.00

Payne Land

   Las Colinas, TX    149.70

Pioneer Crossing

   Austin, TX    400.60

Pioneer Crossing

   Austin, TX    38.54

Polo Estates At Bent Tree

   Dallas, TX    5.87

Port Olpenitz GmBH

   Kappelin, Germany    420.00

Pulaski Land

   Pulaski County, AR    21.90

Ridgepoint Drive

   Irving, TX    0.60

Seminary West Land

   Fort Worth, TX    3.03

Senlac Land

   Farmers Branch, TX    3.98

Senlac Land

   Farmers Branch, TX    11.94

Sheffield Village

   Grand Prairie, TX    13.90

Siskiyou County Land

   Siskiyou County, CA    20.70

Sladek Land

   Travis County, TX    63.28

Southwood Plantation 1394

   Tallahassee, FL    14.52

Stanley Tools

   Farmers Branch, TX    23.76

Temple Land

   Temple, TX    10.69

Texas Plaza Land

   Irving, TX    10.33

Thompson Land I

   Farmers Branch, TX    3.99

Thompson Land II

   Farmers Branch, TX    3.32

Three Hickory

   Dallas, TX    6.64

Tomlin Land

   Farmers Branch, TX    9.20

Travelers Land

   Farmers Branch, TX    193.17

Travis Ranch Land

   Kaufman County, TX    10.00

Travis Ranch Retail

   Kaufman County, TX    14.93

Union Pacific Railroad Land

   Dallas, TX    0.04

Valley Ranch Land

   Irving, TX    30.00

Valley View (Hutton/Senlac)

   Farmers Branch, TX    2.42

Valley View 34 (Mercer Crossing)

   Farmers Branch, TX    2.19

Valley View/Senlac

   Farmers Branch, TX    3.45

Valwood

   Dallas, TX    257.05

 

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LAND (cont’d)      

Land

  

Location

   Acres

Vineyards

   Grapevine, TX    3.56

Vineyards II

   Grapevine, TX    3.94

W Lofts

   Dallas, TX    7.19

W Hotel

   Dallas, TX    1.97

Waco 151 Land

   Waco,TX    151.40

Waco Swanson

   Waco, TX    350.70

Walker Land

   Dallas County, TX    82.59

Whorton Land

   Bentonville, AR    79.70

Willowick Land

   Pensacola, TX    39.78

Wilmer 88

   Dallas, TX    87.60

Windmill Farms—Harlan Land

   Kaufman County, TX    245.95

Windmill Farms I

   Kaufman County, TX    3,044.11
       
   Total Land/Development    11,634.93
       

 

ITEM 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

The ownership of property and provision of services to the public as tenants entails an inherent risk of liability. Although the Company and its subsidiaries are involved in various items of litigation incidental to and in the ordinary course of its business, in the opinion of Management, the outcome of such litigation will not have a material adverse impact upon the Company’s financial condition, results of operations or liquidity.

 

ITEM 4. SUBMISSION OF MATTERS TO A VOTE OF SECURITY HOLDERS

The Annual Meeting of Stockholders was held on December 10, 2009, at which proxies were solicited pursuant to Regulation 14 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). There was no solicitation in opposition to management’s nominees listed in the Proxy Statement, all of which were elected. At the annual meeting, stockholders were asked to consider and vote upon the election of Directors and the ratification of the selection of the independent public accountants for ARL for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2009. With respect to each nominee for election as a director, the following table sets forth the number of votes cast for or withheld:

 

     Shares Voting

Director

   For    Withheld
Authority

Henry A. Butler

   10,741,584    42,640

Sharon Hunt

   10,745,776    38,448

Robert A. Jakuszewski

   10,732,107    52,117

Ted R. Munselle

   10,745,902    38,322

There were no abstentions or broker non-votes on the election of Directors. With respect to the ratification of the appointment of Farmer, Fuqua & Huff, P.C. as independent auditors of the Company for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2009, and any interim period, at least 10,746,718 votes were received in favor of such proposal, 21,329 votes were received against such proposal, and 16,176 votes abstained.

 

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PART II

 

ITEM 5. MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

ARL’s common stock is listed and traded on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol “ARL”. The following table sets forth the high and low sales prices as reported in the consolidated reporting system of the New York Stock Exchange.

 

     2009    2008
     High    Low    High    Low

First Quarter

   $ 11.25    $ 8.46    $ 8.59    $ 7.69

Second Quarter

   $ 12.00    $ 9.62    $ 10.00    $ 8.08

Third Quarter

   $ 14.06    $ 10.12    $ 8.25    $ 7.00

Fourth Quarter

   $ 13.02    $ 8.27    $ 10.50    $ 7.25

On March 25, 2010, the closing market price of ARL’s common stock on the New York Stock Exchange was $10.90 per share, and was held by approximately 3,000 stockholders of record.

 

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Performance Graph

The following graph compares the cumulative total stockholder return on ARL’s shares of common stock with the Dow Jones Industrial Average (“Dow Jones Industrial”) and the Dow Jones Real Estate Investment Index (“Dow Jones US Real Estate”). The comparison assumes that $100 was invested on December 31, 2004 in shares of common stock and in each of the indices and further assumes the reinvestment of all dividends. Past performance is not necessarily an indicator of future performance.

LOGO

$100 invested on 12/31/04 in stock or index-including reinvestment of dividends.

Fiscal year ending December 31.

 

     12/04    12/05    12/06    12/07    12/08    12/09

American Realty Investors Inc.

   $ 100.00    $ 82.68    $ 81.13    $ 101.03    $ 92.27    $ 126.29

Dow Jones Industrial

   $ 100.00    $ 109.01    $ 145.15    $ 116.33    $ 69.18    $ 85.32

Dow Jones US Real Estate

   $ 100.00    $ 99.39    $ 115.58    $ 123.02    $ 81.39    $ 96.71

During the second quarter of 1999, the Board of Directors established the policy that dividend declarations on ARL’s common stock would be determined on an annual basis following the end of each year. In accordance with that policy, the Board determined not to pay any dividends on common stock in 2009, 2008 or 2007. Future distributions to common stockholders will be dependent upon ARL’s realized income, financial condition, capital requirements and other factors deemed relevant by the Board.

Under ARL’s Amended Articles of Incorporation, 15,000,000 shares of Series A 10.0% Cumulative Convertible Preferred Stock are authorized with a par value of $2.00 per share and a liquidation preference of $10.00 per share plus accrued and unpaid dividends. Dividends are payable at the annual rate of $1.00 per share, or $.25 per share quarterly, to stockholders of record on the last day of each March, June, September, and December, when and as declared by the Board of Directors. The Series A Preferred Stock may be converted into common stock at 90.0% of the average daily closing price of ARL’s common stock for the prior 20 trading days. At December 31, 2009, 3,390,913 shares of Series A Preferred Stock were outstanding and 869,808 shares were

 

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reserved for issuance as future consideration in various business transactions. Of the outstanding shares, 300,000 shares are owned by ART Edina, Inc., and 600,000 shares are owned by ART Hotel Equities, Inc., a wholly-owned subsidiary of ARL. Dividends are not paid on the shares owned by ARL subsidiaries.

Under ARL’s Amended Articles of Incorporation, 231,750 shares of Series C Cumulative Convertible Preferred Stock are authorized with a par value of $2.00 per share and liquidation preference of $100.00 per share plus accrued and unpaid dividends. The Series C Preferred Stock bears a quarterly dividend of $2.50 per share to stockholders of record on the last day of March, June, September and December when and as declared by the Board of Directors. The Series C Preferred Stock is reserved for conversion of the Class A limited partner units of ART Palm, L.P. (“Art Palm”). At December 31, 2009, 1,791,563 Class A units were outstanding. The Class A units may be exchanged for Series C Preferred Stock at the rate of 100 Class A units for each share of Series C Preferred Stock. After December 31, 2006, all outstanding shares of Series C Preferred Stock may be converted into ARL common stock. All conversions of Series C Preferred Stock into ARL common stock will be at 90.0% of the average daily closing price of ARL’s common stock for the prior 20 trading days. At March 5, 2010, no shares of Series C Preferred Stock were outstanding.

Under ARL’s Amended Articles of Incorporation, 91,000 shares of Series D 9.50% Cumulative Preferred Stock are authorized with a par value of $2.00 per share, and a liquidation preference of $20.00 per share. Dividends are payable at the annual rate of $1.90 per year or $.475 per quarter to stockholders of record on the last day of each March, June, September and December when and as declared by the Board of Directors. The Series D Preferred Stock is reserved for the conversion of the Class A limited partner units of Ocean Beach Partners, L.P. The Class A units may be exchanged for Series D Preferred Stock at the rate of 20 Class A units for each share of Series D Preferred Stock. At March 5, 2010, no shares of Series D Preferred Stock were outstanding.

Under ARL’s Amended Articles of Incorporation, 500,000 shares of Series E 6.0% Cumulative Preferred Stock are authorized with a par value $2.00 per share and a liquidation preference of $10.00 per share. Dividends are payable at the annual rate of $.60 per share or $.15 per quarter to stockholders of record on the last day of each March, June, September and December when and as declared by the Board of Directors. At March 5, 2010, no Series E Preferred Stock were outstanding.

As an instrument amendatory to ARL’s Amended Articles of Incorporation, 100,000 shares of Series J 8% Cumulative Convertible Preferred Stock have been designated pursuant to a Certificate of Designation filed March 16, 2006, with a par value of $2.00 per share, and a liquidation preference of $1,000 per share. Dividends are payable at the annual rate of $80 per share, or $20 per quarter, to stockholders of record on the last day of each of March, June, September and December, when and as declared by the Board of Directors. Although the Series J 8% Cumulative Convertible Preferred Stock has been designated, no shares have been issued as of March 5, 2010.

The following table sets forth information regarding purchases made by ARL of shares of ARL common stock on a monthly basis during the fourth quarter of 2009:

 

Period

   Total Number of
Shares Purchased
   Average Price
Paid per share
   Total Number of
Shares Purchased
as Part of Publicly
Announced Program(1)
   Maximum Number of
Shares that May
Yet be Purchased
Under the Program

Balance at September 30, 2009

         931,665    68,335

October 31, 2009

   —      —      931,665    68,335

November 30, 2009

   —      —      931,665    68,335

December 31, 2009

   —      —      931,665    68,335
             

Total

   —           
             

 

(1) The repurchase program was announced in September 2000. Through the program, 1,000,000 shares may be repurchased. The program has no expiration date.

 

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ITEM 6. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

AMERICAN REALTY INVESTORS, INC.

 

    For the Years Ended December 31,  
    2009     2008     2007     2006     2005  
    (dollars in thousands, except share and per share amounts)  

EARNINGS DATA

         

Total operating revenues

  $ 183,657      $ 177,367      $ 164,622      $ 137,418      $ 115,964   

Total operating expenses

    212,724        187,819        160,727        134,906        121,017   
                                       

Operating income (loss)

    (29,067     (10,452     3,895        2,512        (5,053

Other expenses

    (75,161     (77,183     (40,224     (37,330     (43,105
                                       

Loss before gain on land sales, non-controlling interest, and income taxes

    (104,228     (87,635     (36,329     (34,818     (48,158

Gain on land sales

    11,605        5,584        20,468        23,973        39,926   

Income tax benefit

    3,492        38,158        15,778        10,608        18,849   
                                       

Net income (loss) from continuing operations

    (89,131     (43,893     (83     (237     10,617   
                                       

Net income from discontinuing operations, net of non-controlling interest

    6,472        70,862        29,297        12,631        39,856   
                                       

Net income (loss)

    (82,659     26,969        29,214        12,394        50,473   

Net income (loss) attributable to non-controlling interest

    12,518        (4,335     (2,652     672        (3,056
                                       

Net income (loss) attributable to American Realty Investors, Inc.

    (70,141     22,634        26,562        13,066        47,417   

Preferred dividend requirement

    (2,488     (2,487     (2,490     (2,491     (2,572
                                       

Net income (loss) applicable to common shares

  $ (72,629   $ 20,147      $ 24,072      $ 10,575      $ 44,845   
                                       

PER SHARE DATA

         

Earnings per share—basic

         

Income (loss) from continuing operations

  $ (7.04   $ (4.66   $ (0.51   $ (0.20   $ 0.49   

Discontinued operations

    0.58        6.51        2.86        1.24        3.93   
                                       

Net income (loss) applicable to common shares

  $ (6.46   $ 1.85      $ 2.35      $ 1.04      $ 4.42   
                                       

Weighted average common share used in computing earnings per share

    11,237,066        10,888,833        10,227,593        10,149,000        10,149,000   

Earnings per share—diluted

         

Income (loss) from continuing operations

  $ (7.04   $ (4.66   $ (0.51   $ (0.20   $ 0.38   

Discontinued operations

    0.58        6.51        2.86        1.24        3.04   
                                       

Net income (loss) applicable to common shares

  $ (6.46   $ 1.85      $ 2.35      $ 1.04      $ 3.42   
                                       

Weighted average common share used in computing diluted earnings per share

    11,237,066        10,888,833        10,227,593        10,149,000        13,106,000   

BALANCE SHEET DATA

         

Real estate, net

  $ 1,581,521      $ 1,613,402      $ 1,485,859      $ 1,272,424      $ 1,113,105   

Notes and interest receivable, net

    83,144        77,003        83,467        52,631        81,440   

Total assets

    1,806,054        1,842,153        1,777,854        1,493,671        1,345,795   

Notes and interest payables

    1,394,076        1,382,629        1,400,877        1,124,765        1,021,822   

Stock-secured noted payable

    24,853        14,026        17,546        22,452        22,549   

Shareholders’ equity

    211,349        297,578        254,547        238,683        207,582   

Book value per share

  $ 18.81      $ 27.33      $ 24.89      $ 23.52      $ 20.45   

 

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ITEM 7. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

The following discussion should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and notes thereto appearing elsewhere in this report.

This Report on Form 10-K contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the federal securities laws, principally, but not only, under the captions “Business,” “Risk Factors,” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.” We caution investors that any forward-looking statements in this report, or which management may make orally or in writing from time to time, are based on management’s beliefs and on assumptions made by, and information currently available to, management. When used, the words “anticipate,”, “believe,”, “expect,” “intend,” “may,” “might,” “plan,” “estimate,” “project,” “should,” “will,” “result” and similar expressions which do not relate solely to historical matters are intended to identify forward-looking statements. These statements are subject to risks, uncertainties, and assumptions and are not guarantees of future performance, which may be affected by known and unknown risks, trends, uncertainties, and factors, that are beyond our control. Should one or more of these risks or uncertainties materialize, or should underlying assumptions prove incorrect, actual results may vary materially from those anticipated, estimated, or projected. We caution you that, while forward-looking statements reflect our good faith beliefs when we make them, they are not guarantees of future performance and are impacted by actual events when they occur after we make such statements. We expressly disclaim any responsibility to update our forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. Accordingly, investors should use caution in relying on past forward-looking statements, which are based on results and trends at the time they are made, to anticipate future results or trends.

Some of the risks and uncertainties that may cause our actual results, performance or achievements to differ materially from those expressed or implied by forward-looking statements include, among others, the following:

 

   

general risks affecting the real estate industry (including, without limitation, the inability to enter into or renew leases, dependence on tenants’ financial condition, and competition from other developers, owners and operators of real estate);

 

   

risks associated with the availability and terms of financing and the use of debt to fund acquisitions and developments;

 

   

failure to manage effectively our growth and expansion into new markets or to integrate acquisitions successfully;

 

   

risks and uncertainties affecting property development and construction (including, without limitation, construction delays, cost overruns, inability to obtain necessary permits and public opposition to such activities);

 

   

risks associated with downturns in the national and local economies, increases in interest rates, and volatility in the securities markets;

 

   

costs of compliance with the Americans with Disabilities Act and other similar laws and regulations;

 

   

potential liability for uninsured losses and environmental contamination;

 

   

risks associated with our dependence on key personnel whose continued service is not guaranteed; and

 

   

the other risk factors identified in this Form 10-K, including those described under the caption “Risk Factors.”

The risks included here are not exhaustive. Other sections of this report, including Part I, Item 1A. “Risk Factors,” include additional factors that could adversely affect our business and financial performance. Moreover, we operate in a very competitive and rapidly changing environment. New risk factors emerge from time to time and it is not possible for management to predict all such risk factors, nor can we assess the impact of

 

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all such risk factors on our business or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements. Given these risks and uncertainties, investors should not place undue reliance on forward-looking statements as a prediction of actual results. Investors should also refer to our quarterly reports on Form 10-Q for future periods and current reports on Form 8-K as we file them with the SEC, and to other materials we may furnish to the public from time to time through Forms 8-K or otherwise.

Overview

ARL is an externally advised and managed real estate investment company that owns a diverse portfolio of income-producing properties and land held for development. The Company’s portfolio of income-producing properties includes residential apartment communities, office buildings, hotels, a trade mart located in Denver, Colorado and other commercial properties. ARL’s investment strategy includes acquiring existing income-producing properties as well as developing new properties on land already owned or acquired for a specific development project. ARL acquires land primarily in in-fill locations or high-growth suburban markets. ARL is an active buyer and seller and during 2009 acquired over $24 million and sold over $88 million of land and income-producing properties. As of December 31, 2009, the Company owned approximately 11,492 units in 61 residential apartment communities, 32 commercial properties comprising almost 5.8 million rentable square feet and five hotels containing a total of 808 rooms. In addition, ARL owned 11,635 acres of land held for development with two apartment complexes and a 420 acre holiday resort project in Germany, currently under construction. The Company currently owns income-producing properties and land in 19 states as well as in the U.S. Virgin Islands.

ARL finances its acquisitions primarily through operating cash flow, proceeds from the sale of land and income-producing properties and debt financing primarily in the form of property-specific first-lien mortgage loans from commercial banks and institutional lenders. ARL finances its development projects principally with short-term, variable interest rate construction loans that are converted to long-term, fixed rate amortizing mortgages when the development project is completed and occupancy has been stabilized. The Company will, from time to time, also enter into partnerships with various investors to acquire income-producing properties or land and to sell interests in certain of its wholly owned properties. When the Company sells assets, it may carry a portion of the sales price generally in the form of a short-term, interest bearing seller-financed note receivable. The Company generates operating revenues primarily by leasing apartment units to residents; leasing office, retail and industrial space to commercial tenants; and renting hotel rooms to guests.

ARL is advised by Prime under a contractual arrangement that is reviewed annually by ARL’s Board of Directors. ARL’s commercial properties are managed by Regis Commercial while the Company’s hotels are managed by Regis Hotel. ARL currently contracts with third-party companies to manage the Company’s apartment communities.

Critical Accounting Policies

The company presents its financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States (“GAAP”). In June 2009, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) completed its accounting guidance codification project. The FASB Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) became effective for the Company’s financial statements issued subsequent to June 30, 2009 and is the single source of authoritative accounting principles recognized by the FASB to be applied by nongovernmental entities in the preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP. As of the effective date, the company will no longer refer to the authoritative guidance dictating its accounting methodologies under the previous accounting standards hierarchy. Instead, the Company will refer to the ASC Codification as the sole source of authoritative literature.

The accompanying Consolidated Financial Statements include the accounts of the Company, its subsidiaries, generally all of which are wholly-owned, and all entities in which the Company has a controlling

 

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interest. Arrangements that are not controlled through voting or similar rights are accounted for as a Variable Interest Entity (VIE), in accordance with the provisions and guidance of ASC Topic 810 “Consolidation”, whereby the Company has been determined to be a primary beneficiary of the VIE and meets certain criteria of a sole general partner or managing member as identified in accordance with Emerging Issues Task Force (“EITF”) Issue 04-5, Investor’s Accounting for an Investment in a Limited Partnership when the Investor is the Sole General Partner and the Limited Partners have Certain Rights (“EITF 04-5”). VIEs are generally entities that lack sufficient equity to finance their activities without additional financial support from other parties or whose equity holders as a group lack adequate decision making ability, the obligation to absorb expected losses or residual returns of the entity, or have voting rights that are not proportional to their economic interests. The primary beneficiary generally is the entity that provides financial support and bears a majority of the financial risks, authorizes certain capital transactions, or makes operating decisions that materially affect the entity’s financial results. All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

In determining whether we are the primary beneficiary of a VIE, we consider qualitative and quantitative factors, including, but not limited to: the amount and characteristics of our investment; the obligation or likelihood for us or other investors to provide financial support; our and the other investors’ ability to control or significantly influence key decisions for the VIE; and the similarity with and significance to the business activities of us and the other investors. Significant judgments related to these determinations include estimates about the current future fair values and performance of real estate held by these VIEs and general market conditions.

For entities in which the Company has less than a controlling financial interest or entities where it is not deemed to be the primary beneficiary, the entities are accounted for using the equity method of accounting. Accordingly, the Company’s share of the net earnings or losses of these entities is included in consolidated net income. ARI’s investments in Gruppa Florentina LLC, LK Four Hickory LLC, and Garden Centura LP are accounted for under the equity method.

Real Estate

Upon acquisitions of real estate, ARL assesses the fair value of acquired tangible and intangible assets, including land, buildings, tenant improvements, “above” and “below-market” leases, origination costs, acquired in-place leases, other identified intangible assets and assumed liabilities in accordance with ASC Topic 805 “Business Combinations”, and allocates the purchase price to the acquired assets and assumed liabilities, including land at appraised value and buildings at replacement cost.

We assess and consider fair value based on estimated cash flow projections that utilize appropriate discount and/or capitalization rates, as well as available market information. Estimates of future cash flows are based on a number of factors including the historical operating results, known and anticipated trends, and market and economic conditions. The fair value of the tangible assets of an acquired property considers the value of the property as if it were vacant. We also consider an allocation of purchase price of other acquired intangibles, including acquired in-place leases that may have a customer relationship intangible value, including (but not limited to) the nature and extent of the existing relationship with the tenants, the tenants’ credit quality and expectations of lease renewals. Based on our acquisitions to date, our allocation to customer relationship intangible assets has been immaterial.

We record acquired “above” and “below market” leases at their fair values (using a discount rate which reflects the risks associated with the leases acquired) equal to the difference between (1) the contractual amounts to be paid pursuant to each in-place lease and (2) management’s estimate of fair market lease rates for each corresponding in-place lease, measured over a period equal to the remaining term of the lease for above-market leases and the initial term plus the term of any below-market fixed rate renewal options for below-market leases.

Other intangible assets acquired include amounts for in-place lease values that are based on our evaluation of the specific characteristics of each tenant’s lease. Factors to be considered include estimates of carrying costs during hypothetical expected lease-up periods considering current market conditions, and costs to execute similar

 

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leases. In estimating carrying costs, we include real estate taxes, insurance and other operating expenses and estimates of lost rentals at market rates during the expected lease-up periods, depending on local market conditions. In estimating costs to execute similar leases, we consider leasing commissions, legal and other related expenses.

Real estate is stated at depreciated cost. The cost of buildings and improvements includes the purchase price of property, legal fees and other acquisition costs. Costs directly related to the development of properties are capitalized. Capitalized development costs include interest, property taxes, insurance, and other project costs incurred during the period of development.

Management reviews its long-lived assets used in operations for impairment when there is an event or change in circumstances that indicates impairment in value. An impairment loss is recognized if the carrying amount of its assets is not recoverable and exceeds its fair value. If such impairment is present, an impairment loss is recognized based on the excess of the carrying amount of the asset over its fair value. The evaluation of anticipated cash flows is highly subjective and is based in part on assumptions regarding future occupancy, rental rates and capital requirements that could differ materially from actual results in future periods.

ASC Topic 360 “Property, Plant and Equipment” requires that qualifying assets and liabilities and the results of operations that have been sold, or otherwise qualify as “held for sale”, be presented as discontinued operations in all periods presented if the property operations are expected to be eliminated and the Company will not have significant continuing involvement following the sale. The components of the property’s net income that is reflected as discontinued operations include the net gain (or loss) upon the disposition of the property held for sale, operating results, depreciation and interest expense (if the property is subject to a secured loan). We generally consider assets to be “held for sale” when the transaction has been approved by our Board of Directors, or a committee thereof, and there are no known significant contingencies relating to the sale, such that the property sale within one year is considered probable. Following the classification of a property as “held for sale”, no further depreciation is recorded on the assets.

A variety of costs are incurred in the acquisition, development and leasing of properties. After determination is made to capitalize a cost, it is allocated to the specific component of a project that is benefited. Determination of when a development project is substantially complete and capitalization must cease involves a degree of judgment. Our capitalization policy on development properties is guided by ASC Topic 835-20 and ASC Topic 970 “Real Estate – General”. The costs of land and buildings under development include specifically identifiable costs. The capitalized costs include pre-construction costs essential to the development of the property, development costs, construction costs, interest costs, real estate taxes, salaries and related costs and other costs incurred during the period of development. We consider a construction project as substantially completed and held available for occupancy upon the receipt of certificates of occupancy, but no later than one year from cessation of major construction activity. We cease capitalization on the portion (1) substantially completed and (2) occupied or held available for occupancy, and we capitalize only those costs associated with the portion under construction.

Investment in Unconsolidated Real Estate Ventures

Except for ownership interests in variable interest entities, ARL accounts for our investments in unconsolidated real estate ventures under the equity method of accounting because the Company exercises significant influence over, but does not control, these entities. These investments are recorded initially at cost, as investments in unconsolidated real estate ventures, and subsequently adjusted for equity in earnings and cash contributions and distributions. Any difference between the carrying amount of these investments on the Company’s balance sheet and the underlying equity in net assets is amortized as an adjustment to equity in earnings of unconsolidated real estate ventures over the life of the related asset. Under the equity method of accounting, our net equity is reflected within the Consolidated Balance Sheets, and our share of net income or loss from the joint ventures is included within the Consolidated Statements of Operations. The joint venture

 

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agreements may designate different percentage allocations among investors for profits and losses; however, our recognition of joint venture income or loss generally follows the joint venture’s distribution priorities, which may change upon the achievement of certain investment return thresholds. For ownership interests in variable interest entities, the Company consolidates those in which we are the primary beneficiary.

Recognition of Rental Income

Rental income for commercial property leases is recognized on a straight-line basis over the respective lease terms. In accordance with ASC Topic 805, we recognize rental revenue of acquired in-place “above” and “below market” leases at their fair values over the terms of the respective leases. On our Consolidated Balance Sheets, we include as a receivable the excess of rental income recognized over rental payments actually received pursuant to the terms of the individual commercial lease agreements.

Reimbursements of operating costs, as allowed under most of our commercial tenant leases, consist of amounts due from tenants for common area maintenance, real estate taxes and other recoverable costs, and are recognized as revenue in the period in which the recoverable expenses are incurred. We record these reimbursements on a “gross” basis, since we generally are the primary obligor with respect to purchasing goods and services from third-party suppliers, have discretion in selecting the supplier and have the credit risk with respect to paying the supplier.

Rental income for residential property leases is recorded when due from residents and is recognized monthly as earned, which is not materially different than on a straight-line basis as lease terms are generally for periods of one year or less. For hotel properties, revenues for room sales and guest services are recognized as rooms are occupied and services are rendered. An allowance for doubtful accounts is recorded for all past due rents and operating expense reimbursements considered to be uncollectible.

Revenue Recognition on the Sale of Real Estate

Sales and the associated gains or losses of real estate assets are recognized in accordance with the provisions of ASC Topic 360-20, “Property, Plant and Equipment—Real Estate Sale”. The specific timing of a sale is measured against various criteria in ASC 360-20 related to the terms of the transaction and any continuing involvement in the form of management or financial assistance associated with the properties. If the sales criteria for the full accrual method are not met, the Company defers some or all of the gain recognition and accounts for the continued operations of the property by applying the finance, leasing, deposit, installment or cost recovery methods, as appropriate, until the sales criteria are met.

Non-performing Notes Receivable

ARL considers a note receivable to be non-performing when the maturity date has passed without principal repayment and the borrower is not making interest payments in accordance with the terms of the agreement.

Interest Recognition on Notes Receivable

For notes other than surplus cash notes, we record interest income as earned in accordance with the terms of the related loan agreements. On cash flow notes where payments are based upon surplus cash from operations, accrued but unpaid interest income is only recognized to the extent cash is received.

Allowance for Estimated Losses

We assess the collectability of notes receivable on a periodic basis, of which the assessment consists primarily of an evaluation of cash flow projections of the borrower to determine whether estimated cash flows are sufficient to repay principal and interest in accordance with the contractual terms of the note. We recognize

 

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impairments on notes receivable when it is probable that principal and interest will not be received in accordance with the contractual terms of the loan. The amount of the impairment to be recognized generally is based on the fair value of the partnership’s real estate that represents the primary source of loan repayment. See Note 3 for details on our Notes Receivable.

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

The company applies the guidance in ASC Topic 820, “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures,” to the valuation of real estate assets. These provisions define fair value as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in a transaction between market participants at the measurement date, establish a hierarchy that prioritizes the information used in developing fair value estimates and require disclosure of fair value measurements by level within the fair value hierarchy. The hierarchy gives the highest priority to quoted prices in active markets (Level 1 measurements) and the lowest priority to unobservable data (Level 3 measurements), such as the reporting entity’s own data.

The valuation hierarchy is based upon the transparency of inputs to the valuation of an asset or liability as of the measurement date and includes three levels defined as follows:

 

Level 1     Unadjusted quoted prices for identical and unrestricted assets or liabilities in active markets.
   
Level 2     Quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets, and inputs that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly, for substantially the full term of the financial instrument.
   
   
Level 3     Unobservable inputs that are significant to the fair value measurement.

A financial instrument’s categorization within the valuation hierarchy is based upon the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement.

Results of Operations

The discussion of our results of operations is based on management’s review of operations, which is based on our segments. Our segments consist of apartments, commercial buildings, hotels, land and other. For discussion purposes, we break these segments down into the following sub-categories; same property portfolio, acquired properties, and developed properties in the lease-up phase. The same property portfolio consists of properties that were held by us for the entire period for both years being compared. The acquired property portfolio consists of properties that we acquired but have not held for the entire period for both periods being compared. Developed properties in the lease-up phase consist of completed projects that are being leased-up. As we complete each phase of the project, we lease up that phase and include those revenues in our continued operations. Once a developed property becomes leased up (80% or more) and is held the entire period for both years under comparison, it is considered to be included in the same property portfolio. Income producing properties that we have sold during the year are reclassified to discontinuing operations for all periods presented.

The following discussion is based on our Consolidated Statements of Operations for the twelve months ended December 31, 2009, 2008, and 2007 as included in Part II, Item 8. “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data” of this report. The prior year’s property portfolios have been adjusted for subsequent sales. Continued operations relates to income producing properties that were held during those years as adjusted for sales in the subsequent years.

At December 31, 2009, 2008, and 2007, we owned or had interests in a portfolio (the Total Property Portfolio) of 98, 99, and 110 income producing properties, respectively. For discussion purposes, we broke this

 

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out between continued operations and discontinued operations. The total property portfolio represents all income producing properties held as of December 31 for the year end presented. Sales subsequent to year end represent properties that were held as of year end for the years presented, but sold in the next year. Continuing operations represents all properties that have not been reclassed to discontinued operations as of December 31, 2009 for the year presented. The table below shows the number of income producing properties held by year.

 

     2009    2008    2007

Continued operations

   98    92    76

Sales subsequent to year end

   —      7    34
              

Total property portfolio

   98    99    110
              

Comparison of the year ended December 31, 2009 to the same period ended December 31, 2008;

Our net income applicable to common shares decreased $92.8 million as compared to the prior year. The current year net loss applicable to common shares was $72.6 million, which includes gain on land sales of $11.6 million and net income from discontinued operations, net of non-controlling interest of $6.5 million, as compared to prior year net income applicable to common shares of $20.1 million, which includes gain on land sales of $5.6 million and net income from discontinued operations, net of non-controlling interest of $70.9 million.

Revenues

Rental revenues increased by $6.3 million which by segment is an increase in apartment revenues of $11.3 million and an increase in commercial properties of $2.2 million, offset by a decrease in our hotels of $4.5 million and a decrease in our land and other segment of $2.7 million. Within our apartment portfolio, the majority of the increase came from our developed properties in the lease up phase which increased $12.8 million. Our acquisition of Bridgewood and Quail Hollow apartments accounted for $0.8 million of the increase with the decrease of $2.3 million related to the properties damaged in Galveston, Texas by hurricane Ike. We have increased occupancies within our apartment portfolio and there is an overall increased demand for new apartments. The increase in the commercial portfolio was due to $2.9 million of lease term buyouts received offset by a $0.7 million decrease due to an overall decrease in occupancy. The decrease in revenues from our land portfolio is due to oil and gas royalties received in the prior year that were not applicable in the current year. Revenues from our same hotel portfolio are down due to decreased stays, which we attribute to the current state of the economy.

Expenses

Property operating expenses decreased by $8.2 million, which by segment is an increase in our apartments of $5.3 million, a decrease in our commercial properties of $3.6 million, a decrease in our land and other segments of $7.7 million, and a decrease in our hotels of $2.2 million. Within the apartment portfolio, the same apartment properties increased $2.2 million due to an increase in overall costs and additional repairs and maintenance. The developed apartments increased expenses by $4.7 million, and the current year acquisition increased expenses by $0.4 million. There was a decrease of $2.0 million in operating expenses related to the properties damaged in Galveston, Texas by hurricane Ike. The decrease within the commercial portfolio was due to a decrease from acquired properties of $3.2 million and a decrease in our same property portfolio of $0.4. The decrease within our land and other portfolios is due to less spending on development within the current period on our land held for development. We have directed our efforts to apartment development and put some additional land projects on hold until the economic conditions turn around. The decrease in our hotel portfolio is due to the decrease in variable costs that are directly associated with stays within the hotel.

Depreciation expense increased by $3.5 million, which by segment is $3.4 million due to our apartments, $1.2 million due to our commercial buildings, and a decrease of $1.1 million due to our land and other holdings.

 

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The increase within our apartment portfolio was due to a decrease of $0.2 million in the same properties, an increase of $3.1 million in the newly acquired properties and an increase of $0.5 million in the developed properties. Developed apartment properties are depreciated as we complete each phase and lease up the properties.

Provision for allowance on notes receivable and impairment was $44.6 million for the twelve months ended December 31, 2009. The provision on impairment of notes receivable, investment in real estate partnerships, and real estate assets increased by $32.2 million as compared to the prior year period. Impairment was recorded as an additional loss in the investment portfolio of $1.9 million in commercial properties we currently hold, $35.6 million in land we currently hold and $7.1 million in land that was sold in the third quarter for a loss. In 2008, we recorded a $5.0 million allowance for doubtful receivables and a $7.4 million allowance for doubtful collectability of certain investments within our portfolio.

Other income (expense)

Interest income decreased by $1.2 million, as compared to the prior year, due to the notes receivable paid off in the current year and the reclassification of the interest income on the Port Olpentiz construction note receivable into work in progress.

We had a decrease in our interest expense of $3.0 million, which by segment is an increase in our apartment portfolio of $1.7 million, offset by a decrease in our commercial portfolio of $1.6 million, a decrease in our hotel portfolio of $0.2 million, and a decrease in our land and other portfolios of $2.9 million. The increase within our apartment portfolio is mainly due to the increase within our developed properties in the lease up phase of $5.0 million. During the construction phase the interest expense is capitalized. When the properties are completed and begin lease up, the interest is expensed. The remaining increase is $0.4 million from our acquired properties and a decrease of $3.7 million from our same property portfolio. Within our commercial portfolio we had an increase of $0.9 million from our same properties, offset by a decrease of $2.5 million in our acquired properties due to the decrease in variable rates tied to prime. The decreased interest expense within our hotels was due to the rates being tied to prime, and the decreased prime rate. The decrease in our land and other portfolios is primarily due to the sale of properties and the disposition of the debt upon sale.

Earnings from unconsolidated subsidiaries and investees were a gain of $0.03 million. This represents our portion of income (equity pickup) for unconsolidated subsidiaries and joint ventures.

Litigation settlement expense increased as compared to the prior year. The majority of the increase was due to resolving the Caruth-Preston litigation, Denver Merchandise Mart’s Darrell Hare litigation and expenses related to the Sunset litigation.

Gain on land sales has increased by $6.0 million. The majority of the increase in 2009 is due to the recognition of $3.4 million in prior year deferred gain due to the payoff of seller financing. We recorded gain on the sale of land related to 1,234 acres for an aggregate sales price of $40.9 million.

Discontinued operations relates to properties that were either sold or held for sale as of the year ended December 31, 2009. Included in discontinued operations are a total of 10 and 37 properties as of 2009 and 2008, respectively. Properties sold in 2009 that were held in 2008 have been reclassified to discontinued operations for 2009. In 2009, we had one property, Baywalk apartments, pending sale, and sold nine properties which consisted of three apartment complexes (Bridges on Kinsey, Bridgestone, and Chateau Bayou), five commercial buildings (2010 Valley View, 5000 Space Center, 5360 Tulane, Cullman Shopping Center and Parkway Centre) and one townhouse. In 2008, we sold 27 properties which consisted of 20 apartment complexes (Arbor Pointe, Ashton Way, Autumn Chase, Courtyard, Coventry Pointe, Fairway View Estate, Fairways, Forty-Four Hundred, Fountain Lake, Fountains at Waterford, Governors Square, Hunters Glen, Mountain Plaza, Southgate, Sunchase, Sunset, Thornwood, Westwood Square, Willow Creek, and Woodview), three commercial buildings (Encon

 

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Warehouse, Executive Court, and Lexington Center), and four hotels (City Suites, Hotel Akademia, Majestic Inn, and Willow). The gain on sale of the properties is also included in discontinued operations for those years as shown in the table below (dollars in thousands).

 

     For the Year Ended December 31,  
                 2009                             2008              

Revenue

    

Rental

   $ 4,916      $ 10,984   

Property operations

     2,425        5,468   
                
     2,491        5,516   

Expenses

    

Interest

     (1,826     (8,243

General and administrative

     (80     (1,567

Depreciation

     (727     (945
                
     (2,633     (10,755
                

Net income (loss) from discontinued operations before gains on sale of real estate, taxes, and fees

     (142     (5,239

Gain on sale of discontinued operations

     10,106        119,572   

Net income and sales fee to affiliate

     —          (10,994

Equity of investees gain on sale

     —          5,681   
                

Income from discontinued operations before tax

     9,964        109,020   

Tax expense

     (3,492     (38,158
                

Income from discontinued operations

   $ 6,472      $ 70,862   
                

Comparison of the year ended December 31, 2008 to the same period ended December 31, 2007;

Revenues

Rental revenues increased by $12.7 million, which by segment is an increase in the apartment portfolio of $13.2 million, an increase in the land and other portfolios of $0.9 million, an increase in the commercial portfolio of $0.2 million, offset by a decrease in the hotel portfolio of $1.6 million. Within the apartment portfolio, the same properties increased by $2.2 million and the developed properties in the lease up phase increased by $9.4 million. The acquisition of Bridgewood and Quail Hollow apartments accounted for $1.6 million of the increase. The occupancy rates in our same properties remains strong and we continue to see a growing demand for new apartments. Within our commercial portfolio, the acquired properties increased by $3.7 million, offset by decreases in the same properties of $3.5 million. Our land portfolio revenues increased as a result of the temporary increase in oil and gas prices. We received royalty revenues from some of our land holdings. Revenues from our same hotel portfolio were down due to decreased stays, which we attribute to the current state of the economy.

Expenses

Property operating expenses increased by $11.1 million, which by segment is an increase in the apartments of $9.6 million, an increase in the commercial of $1.0 million, an increase in land of $1.6 million, offset by a decrease in hotel and other of $0.3 million and $0.8 million respectively. Within the apartment portfolio, the vast majority of the increase is due to the developed apartments in the lease up phase. We continue to complete phases and start up operations. Within the commercial portfolio, the vast majority of the increase is due to the acquisition of Stanford Center. We acquired this property in June 2008. The decrease in the hotel properties is due to the decrease in variable costs that are directly associated with stays within the hotel.

Depreciation and amortization expense increased by $4.2 million, which by segment is an increase in apartments of $2.9 million, an increase in commercial of $0.6 million, an increase in hotels and other of $0.9 million, offset by a decrease in land of $0.2 million. The increase within our apartment portfolio is due to increases in our same properties of $0.2 million, acquired properties of $0.4 million and developed properties of

 

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$2.3 million. The same apartment property portfolio increase due to newly capitalized items. Developed apartment properties are depreciated as we complete each phase and lease up the properties.

Provision for allowance on notes receivable and impairment was $12.4 million for the twelve months ended December 31, 2008. We recorded a $5.0 million allowance for doubtful receivables and a $7.4 million allowance for doubtful collectability of certain investments within our portfolio. In 2007, we recorded an impairment write down for Executive Court and Encon Warehouse for $0.2 million and $0.8 million, respectively.

Other income (expense)

We had an increase in interest expense of $3.1 million, which by segment is an increase in apartments of $6.8 million, an increase in commercial of $0.8 million, an increase in other of $0.3 million, offset by a decrease in hotels of $0.9 million, and a decrease in land of $3.9 million. The increase in the apartment portfolio is due to interest expense on the developed properties in the lease up phase. During the construction phase, the interest expense is capitalized. When the properties are completed and begin lease up, the interest is expensed. The increase of $0.8 million in the commercial portfolio is due to the acquisition of Stanford Center. The decrease in the hotel portfolio is due to the rates being tied to prime, and the decreased prime rate. The decrease within the land portfolio is primarily due to the sale of properties and the disposition of the debt upon sale.

Earnings from unconsolidated subsidiaries and investees were a loss of $1.0 million. This represents our portion of income (equity pickup) from unconsolidated subsidiaries and joint ventures.

Involuntary conversion decreased by $34.8 million. There were no involuntary conversions in 2008. The prior year gain on involuntary conversion relates to the collection of insurance proceeds in 2007 for the damage sustained at our New Orleans commercial properties from hurricane Katrina in 2005.

Litigation settlement expense increased as compared to the prior year. The majority of the increase was due to recording $1.3 million in expense related to the settlement of the Sunset litigation that was not previously accrued in the prior year. The Sunset litigation was settled September 18, 2007.

Gain on land sales has decreased by $14.9 million. The decrease is in part due to the overall economic environment, which among other issues, has resulted in the tightening of the credit markets, causing an inability of potential buyers to obtain financing. Thus, we have found it difficult to complete land transactions.

Discontinued operations relates to properties that were either sold or held for sale as of the year ended December 31, 2009. Included in discontinued operations are a total of 37 and 50 properties as of 2008 and 2007, respectively. Properties sold or held for sale in 2009, were reclassed to prior year discontinued operations, with the exception of 2010 Valley View and Parkway Centre properties which were acquired in the IOT consolidation in 2009 and not part of the prior year operations. In 2008, we sold 27 properties which consisted of 20 apartment complexes (Arbor Pointe, Ashton Way, Autumn Chase, Courtyard, Coventry Pointe, Fairways, Fairway View Estate, Forty-Four Hundred, Fountain Lake, Fountains at Waterford, Governors Square, Hunters Glen, Mountain Plaza, Southgate, Sunchase, Sunset, Thornwood, Westwood Square, Willow Creek, and Woodview), three commercial buildings (Encon Warehouse, Executive Court, and Lexington Center), and four hotels (City Suites, Hotel Akademia, Majestic Inn, and Willow). In 2007, we sold 13 income producing properties which consisted of nine apartment complexes (Arlington Place, Bluff at Vista Ridge, El Chapparral, Harper’s Ferry, Med Villa , Oak Park IV, Somerset, Villa Del Mar, and Woodlake), three commercial buildings (Durham Center, Forum office building, and Four Hickory), and one hotel (Atlantic Sands).

 

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     For the Year Ended December 31,  
             2008                     2007          

Revenue

    

Rental

   $ 10,984      $ 56,006   

Property operations

     5,468        38,405   
                
     5,516        17,601   

Expenses

    

Interest

     (8,243     (17,621

General and administrative

     (1,567     (94

Depreciation

     (945     (6,136
                
     (10,755     (23,851
                

Net loss from discontinued operations before gains on sale of real estate, taxes, and fees

     (5,239     (6,250

Gain on sale of discontinued operations

     119,572        53,375   

Net income and sales fee to affiliate

     (10,994     (2,050

Equity of investees gain on sale

     5,681        —     
                

Income from discontinued operations before tax

     109,020        45,075   

Tax expense

     (38,158     (15,778
                

Income from discontinued operations

   $ 70,862      $ 29,297   
                

Liquidity and Capital Resources

General

Our principal liquidity needs are:

 

   

fund normal recurring expenses;

 

   

meet debt service and principal repayment obligations including balloon payments on maturing debt;

 

   

fund capital expenditures, including tenant improvements and leasing costs;

 

   

fund development costs not covered under construction loans; and

 

   

fund possible property acquisitions.

Our principal sources of cash have been and will continue to be:

 

   

property operations;

 

   

proceeds from land and income-producing property sales;

 

   

collection of mortgage notes receivable;

 

   

collections of receivables from affiliated companies;

 

   

refinancing of existing debt and additional borrowings; and

 

   

including mortgage notes payable, lines of credit.

We may also issue additional equity securities, including common stock and preferred stock. Management anticipates that our cash at December 31, 2009, along with cash that will be generated in 2010 from property operations, may not be sufficient to meet all of our cash requirements. Management intends to selectively sell land and income producing assets, refinance or extend real estate debt and seek additional borrowings secured by real estate to meet its liquidity requirements. Although the past cannot predict the future, historically, management has been successful at refinancing and extending a portion of the Company’s current maturity obligations and selling assets as necessary to meet current obligations.

 

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Cash flow summary

The following summary discussion of our cash flows is based on the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows in Part II, Item 8. “Consolidated Financial Statements and Supplementary Data” and is not meant to be an all-inclusive discussion of the changes in our cash flows for the periods presented below (dollars in thousands).

 

     2009     2008     Variance  

Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities

   $ (25,849   $ 24,140      $ (49,989

Net cash used in investing activities

   $ 46,853      $ (63,513   $ 110,366   

Net cash provided by financing activities

   $ (22,159   $ 33,855      $ (56,014

The primary use of cash for operations is daily operating costs, general and administrative expenses, advisory fees, and land holding costs. Our primary source of cash from operating activities is from rental income on properties. In addition, we had a significant receivable due from affiliated entities that we receive interest income from.

Our major investing cash outlays are from construction and development of new properties. We currently have two apartment projects under construction and one mixed-used development project under construction. We used $32.5 million in cash on the construction and development of new properties. We used $6.0 million for our continued investment in new properties. We acquired one commercial building. We used $11.8 million for the acquisition of land of approximately 178 acres of land. Our sources of cash from investing activities are the sales of land and income producing properties. We received $44.4 million from the sale of 3 apartments, five commercial buildings and one townhouse. We received $42.0 million for the sale of approximately 103 acres of land.

Our major source of cash from financing activities is $62.4 million from the proceeds of notes payable which includes the cash borrowed for purchases. Our major use of cash is for the payment of recurring debt obligations of $26.5 million and the payment on maturing notes payable of $61.5 million which includes the pay off of mortgages on properties sold.

We anticipate that funds from existing cash resources, aggressive sales of land and selected income producing property sales, refinancing of real estate, and borrowings against our real estate will be sufficient to meet the cash requirements associated with our current and anticipated level of operations, maturing debt obligations and existing commitments. To the extent that our liquidity permits or financing sources are available, we will continue to make investments in real estate, primarily in improved and unimproved land, real estate entities and marketable equity securities, and will develop and construct income-producing properties.

Equity Investments.     ARL has from time to time purchased shares of IOT and TCI. The Company may purchase additional equity securities of IOT and TCI through open market and negotiated transactions to the extent ARL’s liquidity permits.

Equity securities of TCI held by ARL (and of IOT held by TCI) may be deemed “restricted securities” under Rule 144 of the Securities Act of 1933 (“Securities Act”). Accordingly, ARL may be unable to sell such equity securities other than in a registered public offering or pursuant to an exemption under the Securities Act for a one-year period after they are acquired. Such restrictions may reduce ARL’s ability to realize the full fair value of such investments if ARL attempted to dispose of such securities in a short period of time.

Management reviews the carrying values of ARL’s properties and mortgage notes receivable at least annually and whenever events or a change in circumstances indicate that impairment may exist. Impairment is considered to exist if, in the case of a property, the future cash flow from the property (undiscounted and without interest) is less than the carrying amount of the property. For notes receivable, impairment is considered to exist if it is probable that all amounts due under the terms of the note will not be collected. If impairment is found to exist, a provision for loss is recorded by a charge against earnings to the extent that the investment in the note

 

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exceeds management’s estimate of the fair value of the collateral securing such note. The mortgage note receivable review includes an evaluation of the collateral property securing each note. The property review generally includes: (1) selective property inspections, (2) a review of the property’s current rents compared to market rents, (3) a review of the property’s expenses, (4) a review of maintenance requirements, (5) a review of the property’s cash flow, (6) discussions with the manager of the property, and (7) a review of properties in the surrounding area.

Contractual Obligations

We have contractual obligations and commitments primarily with regards to the payment of mortgages. The following table aggregates our expected contractual obligations and commitments and includes items not accrued, per Generally Accepted Accounting Principles, through the term of the obligation such as interest expense and operating leases. Our aggregate obligations subsequent to December 31, 2009 are shown in the table below (dollars in thousands):

 

     Total    2010    2011    2012-2014    Thereafter

Long-term debt obligation(1)

   $ 2,269,280    $ 547,471    $ 246,768    $ 295,995    $ 1,179,046

Capital lease obligation

     —        —        —        —        —  

Operating lease obligation

     57,086      1,208      1,044      3,187      51,646

Purchase obligation

     —        —        —        —        —  

Other long-term debt liabilities reflected on the Registrant’s

     —        —        —        —        —  

Balance sheet under GAAP

              
                                  

Total

   $ 2,326,366    $ 548,679    $ 247,812    $ 299,182    $ 1,230,692
                                  

 

 

(1) ARL’s long-term debt may contain financial covenants that, if certain thresholds are not met, could allow the lender to accelerate principal payments or cause the note to become due immediately.

Environmental Matters

Under various federal, state and local environmental laws, ordinances and regulations, ARL may be potentially liable for removal or remediation costs, as well as certain other potential costs relating to hazardous or toxic substances (including governmental fines and injuries to persons and property) where property-level managers have arranged for the removal, disposal or treatment of hazardous or toxic substances. In addition, certain environmental laws impose liability for release of asbestos-containing materials into the air, and third parties may seek recovery for personal injury associated with such materials.

Management is not aware of any environmental liability relating to the above matters that would have a material adverse effect on ARL’s business, assets or results of operations.

Inflation

The effects of inflation on ARL’s operations are not quantifiable. Revenues from property operations tend to fluctuate proportionately with inflationary increases and decreases in housing costs. Fluctuations in the rate of inflation also affect the sales values of properties and the ultimate gains to be realized from property sales. To the extent that inflation affects interest rates, earnings from short-term investments and the cost of new financings as well as the cost of variable interest rate debt will be affected.

 

ITEM 7A. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK.

ARL’s future operations, cash flow and fair values of financial instruments are partially dependent upon the then existing market interest rates and market equity prices. Market risk is the change in the market rates and prices and the affect of the changes on the future operations. Market risk is managed by matching a property’s anticipated net operating income to an appropriate financing.

 

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ARL is exposed to interest rate risk associated with variable rate notes payable and maturing debt that has to be refinanced. ARL does not hold financial instruments for trading or other speculative purposes, but rather issues these financial instruments to finance its portfolio of real estate assets. ARL’s interest rate sensitivity position is managed by ARL’s capital markets department. Interest rate sensitivity is the relationship between changes in market interest rates and the fair value of market rate sensitive assets and liabilities. ARL’s earnings are affected as changes in short-term interest rates impact its cost of variable rate debt and maturing fixed rate debt. A large portion of ARL’s market risk is exposure to short-term interest rates from variable rate borrowings. The impact on ARL’s financial statements of refinancing fixed debt that matured during 2009 was not material. As permitted, management intends to convert a significant portion of those borrowings from variable rates to fixed rates. If market interest rates for variable rate debt average 100 basis points more in 2010 than they did during 2009, ARL’s interest expense would increase and net income would decrease by $5.2 million. This amount is determined by considering the impact of hypothetical interest rates on ARL’s borrowing cost. The analysis does not consider the effects of the reduced level of overall economic activity that could exist in such an environment. Further, in the event of a change of such magnitude, management would likely take actions to further mitigate its exposure to the change. However, due to the uncertainty of the specific actions that would be taken and their possible effects, the sensitivity analysis assumes no change in ARL’s financial structure.

The following table contains only those exposures that existed at December 31, 2009. Anticipation of exposures of risk on positions that could possibly arise was not considered. ARL’s ultimate interest rate risk and its effect on operations will depend on future capital market exposures, which cannot be anticipated with a probable assurance level. All dollars are in thousands.

 

     2010     2011     2012     2013     2014     Thereafter     Total

Assets

              

Market securities at fair value

               $ 2,775

Note receivable

              

Variable interest rate-fair value

               $ 19,554

Instrument’s maturities

   $ 3,779      $ 15,775      $ —        $ —        $ —        $ —        $ 19,554

Instrument’s amortization

     —          —          —          —          —          —          —  

Interest

     962        747        —          —          —          —          1,709

Average rate

     5.06     5.25     0.00     0.00     0.00     0.00  

Fixed interest rate-fair value

               $ 73,583

Instrument’s maturities

   $ 24,664      $ 1,077      $ 1,875      $ 37,040      $ 3,984      $ 4,943      $ 73,583

Instrument’s amortization

     —          —          —          —          —          —          —  

Interest

     5,826        5,527        5,446        5,228        602        2,531        25,160

Average rate

     11.46     11.55     11.55     11.76     10.76     9.76  
     2010     2011     2012     2013     2014     Thereafter     Total

Notes payable

              

Variable interest rate-fair value

               $ 522,206

Instrument’s maturities

   $ 386,094      $ 92,553      $ 11,601      $ 4,151      $ 5,796      $ 11,205      $ 511,400

Instrument’s amortization

     5,594        3,014        712        570        180        736        10,806

Interest

     11,251        4,175        1,273        1,056        736        3,506        21,997

Average rate

     5.23     5.12     6.22     6.38     6.50    

Fixed interest rate-fair value

               $ 888,682

Instrument’s maturities

   $ 81,871      $ 89,217      $ 57,889      $ 83,887      $ 338      $ 11,040      $ 324,242

Instrument’s amortization

     11,351        10,830        9,508        6,042        6,090        520,619        564,440

Interest

     51,310        46,978        40,245        33,566        32,355        631,941        836,395

Average rate

     6.69     7.76     7.66     6.07     6.13    

 

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ITEM 8. CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA

 

     Page

Financial Statements

  

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

   42

Consolidated Balance Sheets—December 31, 2009 and 2008

   43

Consolidated Statements of Operations—Years Ended December 31, 2009, 2008 and 2007

   44

Consolidated Statements of Shareholders’ Equity—Years Ended December 31, 2009, 2008 and 2007

   45

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows—Years Ended December 31, 2009, 2008 and 2007

   46

Statement of Consolidated Comprehensive Income (Loss)

   47

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

   48

Financial Statement Schedules

  

Schedule III—Real Estate and Accumulated Depreciation

   73

Schedule IV—Mortgage Loan Receivables on Real Estate

   82

All other schedules are omitted because they are not required, are not applicable, or the information required is included in the Consolidated Financial Statements or the notes thereto.

 

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REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

To the Board of Directors of and

Stockholders of American Realty Investors, Inc.

Dallas, Texas

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of American Realty Investors, Inc. and Subsidiaries as of December 31, 2009 and 2008, and the related consolidated statements of operations, stockholders’ equity, and cash flows each for each of the years in the three-year period ended December 31, 2009. American Realty Investors, Inc.’s management is responsible for these consolidated financial statements. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these consolidated financial statements based on our audits.

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the consolidated financial statements are free of material misstatement. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. Our audit included consideration of internal control over financial reporting as a basis for designing audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion. An audit also includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the consolidated financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall consolidated financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

As described in Note 21, American Realty Investors, Inc.’s management intends to sell land and income producing properties and refinance or extend debt secured by real estate to meet the Company’s liquidity needs.

In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of American Realty Investors, Inc. as of December 31, 2009 and 2008, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the years in the three-year period ended December 31, 2009, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

Our audits were made for the purpose of forming an opinion on the consolidated financial statements taken as a whole. Schedules III and IV are presented for the purpose of complying with the Securities and Exchange Commission’s rules and is not a required part of the basic consolidated financial statements. These schedules have been subjected to the auditing procedures applied in the audits of the consolidated financial statements and, in our opinion, fairly state, in all material respects, the financial data required to be set forth therein in relation to the basic consolidated financial statements taken as a whole.

Farmer, Fuqua & Huff, PC

Plano, Texas

March 31, 2010

 

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AMERICAN REALTY INVESTORS, INC.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

 

      December 31,
2009
    December 31,
2008
 
    
     (dollars in thousands, except
share and par value amounts)
 
Assets     

Real estate, at cost

   $ 1,718,837      $ 1,712,506   

Real estate held for sale at cost, net of depreciation ($1,252 for 2009 and $640 for 2008)

     5,147        10,333   

Real estate subject to sales contracts at cost, net of depreciation ($13,985 for 2009 and $12,226 for 2008)

     53,341        55,100   

Less accumulated depreciation

     (195,804     (164,537
                

Total real estate

     1,581,521        1,613,402   

Notes and interest receivable

    

Performing (including $73,696 in 2009 and $38,384 in 2008 from affiliates and related parties)

     91,872        68,845   

Non-performing (including $0 in 2009 and $12,837 in 2008 from affiliates and related parties)

     3,108        20,032   

Less allowance for estimated losses

     (11,836     (11,874
                

Total notes and interest receivable

     83,144        77,003   

Cash and cash equivalents

     4,887        6,042   

Restricted cash

     —          271   

Investments in securities

     —          2,775   

Investments in unconsolidated subsidiaries and investees

     13,149        27,113   

Other assets (including $175 in 2009 and $526 in 2008 from affiliates and related parties)

     123,353        115,547   
                

Total assets

   $ 1,806,054      $ 1,842,153   
                
Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity     

Liabilities:

    

Notes and interest payable (including $0 for 2009 and $9,103 in 2008 to affiliates and related parties)

   $ 1,327,188      $ 1,311,935   

Notes related to assets held-for-sale

     5,002        7,722   

Notes related to subject to sales contracts

     61,886        62,972   

Stock-secured notes payable

     24,853        14,026   

Affiliate payables

     20,574        23,018   

Accounts payable and other liabilities (including $35,958 in 2009 and $0 in 2008 from affiliates and related parties)

     155,202        124,902   
                
     1,594,705        1,544,575   

Commitments and contingencies:

    

Shareholders’ equity:

    

Preferred Stock, $2.00 par value, authorized 15,000,000 shares, issued and outstanding Series A, 3,390,913 shares in 2009 and in 2008 (liquidation preference $33,909), including 900,000 shares in 2009 and 2008 held by subsidiaries

     4,979        4,979   

Common Stock, $.01 par value, authorized 100,000,000 shares; issued 11,874,138 shares in 2009 and in 2008

     114        114   

Treasury stock at cost; 637,072 shares in 2009 and 2008, which includes 276,972 shares held by TCI (consolidated) as of 2009 and 2008

     (5,954     (5,954

Paid-in capital

     91,081        92,609   

Retained earnings

     46,971        119,599   

Accumulated other comprehensive income

     2,186        4,331   
                

Total American Realty Investors, Inc. shareholders’ equity

     139,377        215,678   
                

Non-controlling interest

     71,972        81,900   
                

Total equity

     211,349        297,578   
                

Total liabilities and equity

   $ 1,806,054      $ 1,842,153   
                

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

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AMERICAN REALTY INVESTORS, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

 

     For the Years Ended December 31,  
     2009     2008     2007  

Revenues:

      

Rental and other property revenues (including $2,582 and $3,691 and $1,197 for 2009 and 2008 and 2007 respectively from affiliates and related parties)

   $ 183,657      $ 177,367      $ 164,622   

Expenses:

      

Property operating expenses (including $3,003 and $3,195 and $3,150 for 2009 and 2008 and 2007 respectively from affiliates and related parties)

     107,226        115,473        104,390   

Depreciation and amortization

     30,549        27,051        22,831   

General and administrative (including $5,406 and $6,741 and $3,657 for 2009 and 2008 and 2007 respectively from affiliates and related parties)

     14,688        16,938        17,605   

Provision on impairment of notes receivable and real estate assets

     44,578        12,417        1,003   

Advisory fee to affiliate

     15,683        15,940        14,898   
                        

Total operating expenses

     212,724        187,819        160,727   
                        

Operating income (loss)

     (29,067     (10,452     3,895   

Other income (expense):

      

Interest income (including $4,357 and $4,692 and $1,196 for 2009 and 2008 and 2007 respectively from affiliates and related parties)

     9,701        10,876        11,632   

Other income (including $1,414 and $3,485 and $0 for 2009 and 2008 and 2007 respectively from affiliates and related parties)

     4,171        5,213        4,855   

Mortgage and loan interest (including $2,595 and $2,729 and $603 for 2009 and 2008 and 2007 respectively from affiliates and related parties)

     (87,902     (90,912     (87,819

Earnings from unconsolidated subsidiaries and investees

     35        (968     (925

Gain on foreign currency translation

     292        (517     —     

Involuntary Conversion

     —          —          34,771   

Litigation settlement

     (1,458     (875     (2,738
                        

Total other expenses

     (75,161     (77,183     (40,224
                        

Loss before gain on land sales, non-controlling interest, and taxes

     (104,228     (87,635     (36,329

Gain on land sales

     11,605        5,584        20,468   
                        

Loss from continuing operations before tax

     (92,623     (82,051     (15,861

Income tax benefit

     3,492        38,158        15,778   
                        

Net loss from continuing operations

     (89,131     (43,893     (83
                        

Discontinued operations:

      

Loss from discontinued operations

     (142     (10,552     (8,300

Gain on sale of real estate from discontinued operations

     10,106        119,572        53,375   

Income tax expense from discontinued operations

     (3,492     (38,158     (15,778
                        

Net income (loss)

     (82,659     26,969        29,214   

Net income (loss) attributable to non-controlling interests

     12,518        (4,335     (2,652
                        

Net income (loss) attributable to American Realty Investors, Inc.

     (70,141     22,634        26,562   

Preferred dividend requirement

     (2,488     (2,487     (2,490
                        

Net income (loss) applicable to common shares

   $ (72,629   $ 20,147      $ 24,072   
                        

Earnings per share—basic

      

Loss from continuing operations

   $ (7.04   $ (4.66   $ (0.51

Discontinued operations

     0.58        6.51        2.86   
                        

Net income (loss) applicable to common shares

   $ (6.46   $ 1.85      $ 2.35   
                        

Earnings per share—diluted

      

Loss from continuing operations

   $ (7.04   $ (4.66   $ (0.51

Discontinued operations

     0.58        6.51        2.86   
                        

Net income (loss) applicable to common shares

   $ (6.46   $ 1.85      $ 2.35   
                        

Weighted average common share used in computing earnings per share

     11,237,066        10,888,833        10,227,593   

Weighted average common share used in computing diluted earnings per share

     11,237,066        10,888,833        10,227,593   

Amounts attributable to American Realty Investors, Inc.

      

Loss from continuing operations

   $ (89,131   $ (43,893   $ (83

Income from discontinued operations

     6,472        70,862        29,297   
                        

Net income (loss)

   $ (82,659   $ 26,969      $ 29,214   
                        

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

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AMERICAN REALTY INVESTORS, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

For the Three Years Ended December 31, 2009

(dollars in thousands)

 

    Total
Capital
    Comprehensive
Loss
    Series A
Preferred
Stock
  Common Stock   Treasury
Stock
    Paid-in
Capital
    Retained
Earnings
    Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
    Non-controlling
Interest
 
                 
                 
        Shares   Amount          

Balance, December 31, 2006

  $ 238,683      $ —        $ 4,979   11,592,272   $ 114   $ (15,146   $ 93,378      $ 75,380      $ 1,784      $ 78,194   

Unrealized loss on foreign investments

    4,427        4,427        —     —       —       —          —          —          4,427        —     

Unrealized gain on investment securities

    (5,983     (5,983     —     —       —       —          —          —          (5,983     —     

Net income

    29,214        29,214        —     —       —       —          —          26,562        —          2,652   

Acquisition of non-controlling interest

    (11,786     —          —     —       —       —          6,899        —          —          (18,685

Acquisition of controlling interest

    —          —          —     —       —       —          —          —          —          —     

Repurchase/sale of treasury stock

    2,482                2,482           

Series A preferred stock cash dividend ($1.00 per share)

    (2,490     —          —     —       —       —          —          (2,490     —          —     
                                                                       

Balance, December 31, 2007

  $ 254,547      $ 27,658      $ 4,979   11,592,272   $ 114   $ (12,664   $ 100,277      $ 99,452      $ 228      $ 62,161   
                                                                       

Unrealized loss on foreign investments

    9,685        9,685        —     —       —       —          —          —          9,685        —     

Unrealized gain on investment securities

    (5,582     (5,582     —     —       —       —          —          —          (5,582     —     

Net income

    26,969        26,969        —     —       —       —          —          22,634        —          4,335   

Acquisition of non-controlling interest

    7,736        —          —     —       —       —          (7,668     —          —          15,404   

Acquisition of controlling interest

    —          —          —     —       —       —          —          —          —          —     

Stock reconciliation

    —          —          —     281,866            

Repurchase/sale of treasury stock

    6,710        —                6,710           

Series A preferred stock cash dividend ($1.00 per share)

    (2,487     —          —     —       —       —          —          (2,487     —          —     
                                                                       

Balance, December 31, 2008

  $ 297,578      $ 31,072      $ 4,979   11,874,138   $ 114   $ (5,954   $ 92,609      $ 119,599      $ 4,331      $ 81,900   
                                                                       

Unrealized gain on investment securities

    (2,775     (2,775     —     —       —       —          —          —          (2,145     (630

Net loss

    (82,659     (82,659     —     —       —       —          —          (70,141     —          (12,518

Acquisition of non-controlling interest

    1,692        —          —     —       —       —          (1,528     —          —          3,220   

Acquisition of controlling interest

    —          —          —     —       —       —          —          —          —          —     

Series A preferred stock cash dividend ($1.00 per share)

    (2,487     —          —     —       —       —          —          (2,487     —          —     
                                                                       

Balance, December 31, 2009

  $ 211,349      $ (85,434   $ 4,979   11,874,138   $ 114   $ (5,954   $ 91,081      $ 46,971      $ 2,186      $ 71,972   
                                                                       

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

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AMERICAN REALTY INVESTORS, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

 

     For the Years Ended December 31,  
     2009     2008     2007  
     (dollars in thousands)  

Cash Flow From Operating Activities:

      

Net income (loss) applicable to common shares

   $ (72,629   $ 20,147      $ 24,072   

Adjustments to reconcile net loss applicable to common shares to net cash used in operating activities:

      

Gain on sale of land

     (11,605     (5,584     (20,468

Depreciation and amortization

     32,418        27,995        28,967   

Provision on impairment of notes receivable and real estate assets

     44,578        12,417        1,003   

Amortization of deferred borrowing costs

     5,676        9,481        7,157   

Earnings from unconsolidated subsidiaries and investees

     35        (4,713     (286

Change in non-controlling interest

     9,929        4,334        —     

Gain (loss) on foreign currency translation

     (292     517        (2,368

Gain on sale of income producing properties

     (10,106     (119,572     (53,375

(Increase) decrease in assets:

      

Accrued interest receivable

     1,520        2,081        (2,347

Restricted cash

     (271     2,285        3,444   

Other assets

     (13,559     58,529        3,935   

Prepaid expense

     (1,127     (1,187     (1,890

Escrow

     (3,035     (21,227     (1,022

Earnest money

     (1,723     4,128        6,544   

Rent receivables

     (413     (6,530     (7,641

Increase (decrease) in liabilities:

      

Accrued interest payable

     (116     (1,997     (5,556

Cash received from Advisor

     (2,444     23,018        (11,601

Other liabilities

     (2,685     20,018        (2,888
                        

Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities

     (25,849     24,140        (34,320

Cash Flow From Investing Activities:

      

Proceeds from notes receivables ($3,077 in 2009, $0 in 2008 from affiliates)

     8,000        (351     16,542   

Acquisition of land held for development

     (11,844     (54,744     (24,965

Proceeds from sales of income producing properties

     44,356        179,669        55,256   

Proceeds from sale of land

     42,029        16,988        65,516   

Investment in unconsolidated real estate entities

     16,740        (3,246     960   

Improvement of land held for development

     (13,542     (1,789     (3,728

Improvement of income producing properties

     (3,233     (16,873     (15,135

Investment in marketable securities

     2,775        10,382        —     

Acquisition of income producing properties

     (5,971     (64,466     (114,258

Acquisition of non-controllable interest

     —          19,739        2,652   

Construction and development of new properties

     (32,457     (148,822     (204,672
                        

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities

     46,853        (63,513     (221,832

Cash Flow From Financing Activities:

      

Proceeds from notes payable

     62,408        221,354        529,058   

Recurring amortization of principal on notes payable

     (26,528     (20,323     (12,872

Payments on maturing notes payable

     (61,505     (178,746     (240,209

Deferred financing costs

     (4,534     8,380        (10,394

Stock-secured borrowings

     8,000        (3,520     (4,906

Repurchase/sale of treasury stock

     —          6,710        —     
                        

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities

     (22,159     33,855        260,677   
                        

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

     (1,155     (5,518     4,525   

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period

     6,042        11,560        7,035   
                        

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period

   $ 4,887      $ 6,042      $ 11,560   
                        

Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:

      

Cash paid for interest

   $ 89,728      $ 97,158      $ 110,997   

Cash paid for income taxes, net of refunds

   $ —        $ —        $ —     

Schedule of noncash investing and financing activities:

      

Unrealized foreign currency translation gain

   $ —        $ 9,685      $ 4,427   

Unrealized loss on marketable securities

   $ (2,575   $ (5,582   $ (5,983

Note receivable allowance

   $ —        $ (1,500   $ —     

Note receivable for treasury stock

   $ —        $ —        $ 3,779   

Note receivable received from affiliate

   $ 2,341      $ —        $ 16,132   

Note receivable from sale of real estate

   $ 2,700      $ —        $ —     

Note paydown from right to build sale

   $ 1,500      $ —        $ —     

Land exchanged with related party

   $ —        $ —        $ 900   

Acquitision of real estate to satisfy note receivable

   $ (7,748   $ —        $ —     

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

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AMERICAN REALTY INVESTORS, INC

STATEMENTS OF CONSOLIDATED COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)

For the Three Years Ended December 31, 2009

 

     2009     2008     2007  

Net income (loss)

   $ (82,659   $ 26,969      $ 29,214   

Other comprehensive income (loss)

      

Unrealized loss on foreign currency translation

     —          9,685        4,427   

Unrealized gain on investment securities

     (2,575     (5,582     (5,983
                        

Total other comprehensive income (loss)

     (2,575     4,103        (1,556
                        

Comprehensive income (loss)

     (85,234     31,072        27,658   

Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to non-controlling interest

     12,518        (4,335     (2,652
                        

Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to American Realty Investors, Inc.

   $ (72,716   $ 26,737      $ 25,006   
                        

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

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AMERICAN REALTY INVESTORS, INC.

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

The accompanying Consolidated Financial Statements of American Realty Investors, Inc. and consolidated entities have been prepared in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America, the most significant of which are described in Note 1. “Organization and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies.” The Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of the Consolidated Financial Statements. The data presented in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements are as of December 31 of each year and for the year then ended, unless otherwise indicated. Dollar amounts in tables are in thousands, except per share amounts.

Certain balances for 2007 and 2008 have been reclassified to conform to the 2009 presentation.

 

NOTE 1. ORGANIZATION AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Organization and business.    In November 1999, ARL, a Nevada corporation, was formed, and in August 2000, ARL acquired ART, a Georgia corporation and National Realty, L.P. (“NRLP”), a Delaware partnership. ARL primarily invests in real estate and real estate-related entities, and purchases and originates mortgage loans. At December 31, 2009, we owned 61 residential apartment communities comprising of 11,942 units, two apartment projects in development, 32 commercial properties comprising an aggregate of approximately 5.8 million square feet, five hotels comprising 808 rooms, and an investment in 11,635 acres of undeveloped and partially developed land.

The Company is headquartered in Dallas, Texas and its common stock trades on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol “ARL”. Approximately 87% of ARL’s stock is owned by affiliated entities. ARL owns approximately 82.8% of the outstanding shares of common stock of Transcontinental Realty Investors, Inc., (“TCI”), a Nevada corporation which has its common stock listed and traded on the New York Stock Exchange, Inc. under the symbol (“NYSE:TCI”). ARL has consolidated TCI’s accounts and operations since March 2003. Prime Income Asset Management, LLC (“Prime”) is the Company’s external advisor. Regis Realty I, LLC, an affiliate of Prime, manages the Company’s commercial properties, and Regis Hotel I, LLC, another Prime affiliate, manages the Company’s hotel investments. ARL engages four third-party companies to lease and manage its apartment properties.

On July 17, 2009, TCI, a subsidiary of ARL, acquired from Syntek West, Inc., (“SWI”), 2,518,934 shares of common stock, par value $0.01 per share of IOT at an aggregate price of $17,884,431 (approximately $7.10 per share), the full amount of which was paid by TCI through an assumption of an aggregate amount of indebtedness of $17,884,431 on the outstanding balance owed by SWI to IOT. The 2,518,934 shares of IOT common stock acquired by TCI constituted approximately 60.4% of the issued and outstanding common stock of IOT. TCI has owned for several years an aggregate of 1,037,184 shares of common stock of IOT (approximately 25% of the issued and outstanding). After giving effect to the transaction on July 17, 2009, TCI owns an aggregate of 3,556,118 shares of IOT common stock which constitutes approximately 85.3% of the outstanding shares (which is a total of 4,168,214 shares). Shares of IOT are traded on the American Stock Exchange.

With TCI’s acquisition of the additional shares on July 17, 2009, which increased the aggregate ownership to in excess of 80%, beginning in July 2009, IOT’s results of operations are now consolidated with those of TCI for tax and financial reporting purposes. At the time of the acquisition, the historical accounting value of IOT’s assets was $112 million and liabilities were $43 million. In that the shares of IOT acquired by TCI were from a related party, the values recorded by TCI are IOT’s historical accounting values at the date of transfer. TCI’s fair valuation of IOT assets and liabilities at the acquisition date approximated IOT’s book value. The net difference between the purchase price and historical accounting basis of the assets and liabilities acquired was $35 million and has been reflected by TCI as deferred income. The deferred income will be recognized upon the sale of the land that IOT held on its books as of the date of sale, to an independent third party.

 

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AMERICAN REALTY INVESTORS, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

 

FASB Accounting Standards Codification.    The company presents its financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States (“GAAP”). In June 2009, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) completed its accounting guidance codification project. The FASB Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) became effective for the Company’s financial statements issued subsequent to June 30, 2009 and is the single source of authoritative accounting principles recognized by the FASB to be applied by nongovernmental entities in the preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP. As of the effective date, the company will no longer refer to the authoritative guidance dictating its accounting methodologies under the previous accounting standards hierarchy. Instead, the Company will refer to the ASC Codification as the sole source of authoritative literature.

Basis of presentation.    The accompanying Consolidated Financial Statements include the accounts of the Company, its subsidiaries, generally all of which are wholly-owned, and all entities in which the Company has a controlling interest. Arrangements that are not controlled through voting or similar rights are accounted for as a Variable Interest Entity (VIE), in accordance with the provisions and guidance of ASC Topic 810 “Consolidation”, whereby the Company has been determined to be a primary beneficiary of the VIE and meets certain criteria of a sole general partner or managing member as identified in accordance with Emerging Issues Task Force (“EITF”) Issue 04-5, Investor’s Accounting for an Investment in a Limited Partnership when the Investor is the Sole General Partner and the Limited Partners have Certain Rights (“EITF 04-5”). VIEs are generally entities that lack sufficient equity to finance their activities without additional financial support from other parties or whose equity holders as a group lack adequate decision making ability, the obligation to absorb expected losses or residual returns of the entity, or have voting rights that are not proportional to their economic interests. The primary beneficiary generally is the entity that provides financial support and bears a majority of the financial risks, authorizes certain capital transactions, or makes operating decisions that materially affect the entity’s financial results. All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

In determining whether we are the primary beneficiary of a VIE, we consider qualitative and quantitative factors, including, but not limited to: the amount and characteristics of our investment; the obligation or likelihood for us or other investors to provide financial support; our and the other investors’ ability to control or significantly influence key decisions for the VIE; and the similarity with and significance to the business activities of us and the other investors. Significant judgments related to these determinations include estimates about the current future fair values and performance of real estate held by these VIEs and general market conditions.

For entities in which the Company has less than a controlling financial interest or entities where it is not deemed to be the primary beneficiary, the entities are accounted for using the equity method of accounting. Accordingly, the Company’s share of the net earnings or losses of these entities is included in consolidated net income. ARI’s investments in Gruppa Florentina LLC, LK Four Hickory LLC, and Garden Centura LP are accounted for under the equity method.

Real estate, depreciation, and impairment.    Real estate assets are stated at the lower of depreciated cost or fair value, if deemed impaired. Major replacements and betterments are capitalized and depreciated over their estimated useful lives. Depreciation is computed on a straight-line basis over the useful lives of the properties (buildings and improvements—20-40 years; furniture, fixtures and equipment—5-10 years). The Company continually evaluates the recoverability of the carrying value of its real estate assets using the methodology prescribed in ASC Topic 360, “Property, Plant and Equipment,” Factors considered by management in evaluating impairment of its existing real estate assets held for investment include significant declines in property operating profits, annually recurring property operating losses and other significant adverse changes in general market conditions that are considered permanent in nature. Under ASC Topic 360, a real estate asset held for investment

 

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AMERICAN REALTY INVESTORS, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

 

is not considered impaired if the undiscounted, estimated future cash flows of an asset (both the annual estimated cash flow from future operations and the estimated cash flow from the theoretical sale of the asset) over its estimated holding period are in excess of the asset’s net book value at the balance sheet date. If any real estate asset held for investment is considered impaired, a loss is provided to reduce the carrying value of the asset to its estimated fair value.

Real estate held-for-sale.    The Company periodically classifies real estate assets as held for sale. An asset is classified as held for sale after the approval of the Company’s board of directors and after an active program to sell the asset has commenced. Upon the classification of a real estate asset as held for sale, the carrying value of the asset is reduced to the lower of its net book value or its estimated fair value, less costs to sell the asset. Subsequent to the classification of assets as held for sale, no further depreciation expense is recorded. Real estate assets held for sale are stated separately on the accompanying consolidated balance sheets. Upon a decision to no longer market as an asset for sale, the asset is classified as an operating asset and depreciation expense is reinstated. The operating results of real estate assets held for sale and sold are reported as discontinued operations in the accompanying statements of operations. Income from discontinued operations includes the revenues and expenses, including depreciation and interest expense, associated with the assets. This classification of operating results as discontinued operations applies retroactively for all periods presented. Additionally, gains and losses on assets designated as held for sale are classified as part of discontinued operations.

Cost Capitalization.    Costs related to planning, developing, leasing and constructing a property are capitalized and classified as Properties in the Consolidated Balance Sheets. The Company capitalizes interest to qualifying assets under development based on average accumulated expenditures outstanding during the period. In capitalizing interest to qualifying assets, the Company first uses the interest incurred on specific project debt, if any, and next uses the company’s weighted average interest rate of non-project specific debt.

The company capitalizes interest, real estate taxes and certain operating expenses on the unoccupied portion of recently completed properties from the date a project receives its certificate of occupancy to the date on which the project achieves 80% economic occupancy.

The company capitalizes leasing costs which include commissions paid to outside brokers, legal costs incurred to negotiate and document a lease agreement and any internal costs that may be applicable. The company allocates these costs to individual tenant leases and amortizes them over the related lease term.

Fair value measurement.    The company applies the guidance in ASC Topic 820, “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures,” to the valuation of real estate assets. These provisions define fair value as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in a transaction between market participants at the measurement date, establish a hierarchy that prioritizes the information used in developing fair value estimates and require disclosure of fair value measurements by level within the fair value hierarchy. The hierarchy gives the highest priority to quoted prices in active markets (Level 1 measurements) and the lowest priority to unobservable data (Level 3 measurements), such as the reporting entity’s own data.

The valuation hierarchy is based upon the transparency of inputs to the valuation of an asset or liability as of the measurement date and includes three levels defined as follows:

 

Level 1

 

  Unadjusted quoted prices for identical and unrestricted assets or liabilities in active markets.

Level 2

 

  Quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets, and
    inputs that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or
    indirectly, for substantially the full term of the financial instrument.

Level 3

 

  Unobservable inputs that are significant to the fair value measurement.

 

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AMERICAN REALTY INVESTORS, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

 

A financial instrument’s categorization within the valuation hierarchy is based upon the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement.

Recognition of Revenue.    Our revenues, which are composed largely of rental income, include rents reported on a straight-line basis over the lease term. In accordance with ASC 805 “Business Combinations”, the Company recognizes rental revenue of acquired in-place “above-” and “below-market” leases at their fair values over the terms of the respective leases.

Reimbursements of operating costs, as allowed under most of our commercial tenant leases, consist of amounts due from tenants for common area maintenance, real estate taxes and other recoverable costs, and are recognized as revenue in the period in which the recoverable expenses are incurred. We record these reimbursements on a “gross” basis, since we generally are the primary obligor with respect to purchasing goods and services from third-party suppliers, have discretion in selecting the supplier and have the credit risk with respect to paying the supplier.

Rental income for residential property leases is recorded when due from residents and is recognized monthly as earned, which is not materially different than on a straight-line basis as lease terms are generally for periods of one year or less. For hotel properties, revenues for room sales and guest services are recognized as rooms are occupied and services are rendered. An allowance for doubtful accounts is recorded for all past due rents and operating expense reimbursements considered to be uncollectible.

Sales and the associated gains or losses of real estate assets are recognized in accordance with the provisions of ASC Topic 360-20, “Property, Plant and Equipment – Real Estate Sale”. The specific timing of a sale is measured against various criteria in ASC 360-20 related to the terms of the transaction and any continuing involvement in the form of management or financial assistance associated with the properties. If the sales criteria for the full accrual method are not met, the Company defers some or all of the gain recognition and accounts for the continued operations of the property by applying the finance, leasing, deposit, installment or cost recovery methods, as appropriate, until the sales criteria are met.

Foreign currency translation.    Foreign currency denominated assets and liabilities of subsidiaries with local functional currencies are translated to United States dollars at year-end exchange rates. The effects of translation are recorded in the cumulative translation component of shareholders’ equity. Subsidiaries with a United States dollar functional currency re-measure monetary assets and liabilities at year-end exchange rates and non-monetary assets and liabilities at historical exchange rates. The effects of re-measurement are included in income. Exchange gains and losses arising from transactions denominated in foreign currencies are translated at average exchange rates.

Non-performing notes receivable.    ARL considers a note receivable to be non-performing when the maturity date has passed without principal repayment and the borrower is not making interest payments in accordance with the terms of the agreement.

Interest recognition on notes receivable.    For notes other than surplus cash notes, we record interest income as earned in accordance with the terms of the related loan agreements. On cash flow notes where payments are based upon surplus cash from operations, accrued but unpaid interest income is only recognized to the extent cash is received.

Allowance for estimated losses.    We assess the collectability of notes receivable on a periodic basis, of which the assessment consists primarily of an evaluation of cash flow projections of the borrower to determine whether estimated cash flows are sufficient to repay principal and interest in accordance with the contractual

 

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AMERICAN REALTY INVESTORS, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

 

terms of the note. We recognize impairments on notes receivable when it is probable that principal and interest will not be received in accordance with the contractual terms of the loan. The amount of the impairment to be recognized generally is based on the fair value of the partnership’s real estate that represents the primary source of loan repayment. See Note 3 for details on our Notes Receivable.

Cash equivalents.    For purposes of the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows, all highly liquid investments purchased with an original maturity of three months or less are considered to be cash equivalents.

Earnings per share.    Income (loss) per share is presented in accordance with ASC 620 “Earnings per Share”. Income (loss) per share is computed based upon the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during each year.

Use of estimates.    In the preparation of Consolidated Financial Statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America, it is necessary for management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the Consolidated Financial Statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expense for the year ended. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Income Taxes.    ARL is a “C Corporation” for U.S. federal income tax purposes. ARL files an annual consolidated income tax return with TCI and IOT and their subsidiaries. ARL is the common parent for the consolidated group. ARL is part of a tax sharing and compensating agreement with respect to federal income taxes between ARL, TCI and IOT and their subsidiaries that was entered into in July of 2009. Prior to 2009, ARL and TCI and their subsidiaries were in a tax sharing and compensating agreement with respect to federal income taxes and IOT was the parent company of its own consolidated filing group. The agreement specifies the manner in which the group will share the consolidated tax liability and also how certain tax attributes are to be treated among members of the group.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements.    There were no recent accounting pronouncements that our company has not implemented that materially affect our financial statements. 

 

NOTE 2. REAL ESTATE

A summary of our real estate owned as of the end of the year is listed below (dollars in thousands):

 

     2009     2008  

Apartments

   $ 713,384      $ 656,578   

Apartments under construction

     5,296        56,195   

Commercial properties

     445,061        441,318   

Hotels

     41,139        41,046   

Land held for development

     513,957        517,369   

Real estate held for sale

     6,399        10,973   

Real estate subject to sales contract

     67,326        67,326   
                

Total real estate

     1,792,562        1,790,805   

Less accumulated deprecation

     (211,041     (177,403
                
   $ 1,581,521      $ 1,613,402   
                

Expenditures for repairs and maintenance are charged to operations as incurred. Significant betterments are capitalized. When assets are sold or retired, their costs and related accumulated depreciation are removed from the accounts with the resulting gains or losses reflected in net income or loss for the period.

 

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AMERICAN REALTY INVESTORS, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

 

Depreciation is computed on a straight line basis over the estimated useful lives of the assets as follows:

 

Land improvements

   25 to 40 years

Buildings and improvements

   10 to 40 years

Tenant improvements

   Shorter of useful life or terms of related lease

Furniture, fixtures and equipment

   3 to 7 years

Provision for Asset Impairments:

In 2009, the provision for allowance and impairments was related to our receivables and our investments in unconsolidated entities and other investees. Provision for allowance on notes receivable and impairment was $44.6 million for the twelve months ended December 31, 2009. Impairment was recorded as an additional loss in the investment portfolio of $1.9 million in commercial properties we currently hold, $35.6 million in land we currently hold and $7.1 million in land that was sold in the third quarter for a loss. In 2008, we recorded a $5.0 million allowance for doubtful receivables and a $7.4 million allowance for doubtful collectability of certain investments within our portfolio.

The following is a brief description of the more significant property acquisitions and sales in 2009:

In January 2009, we sold 9.3 acres of land known as Woodmont Schiff-Park Forest land located in Dallas, Texas for $7.7 million. We received $3.9 million in cash after paying off the existing debt of $3.2 million and closing costs of $0.6 million. In addition, we booked a $2.1 million receivable. There was no gain or loss recorded on the sale of the land parcel.

In January 2009, we sold the Chateau Bayou Apartments, a 122-unit complex located in Ocean Springs, Mississippi for $6.9 million. We received $3.1 million in cash after paying off the existing debt of $3.5 million and closing costs of $0.3 million. We recorded a gain on sale of $4.2 million on the property.

In April 2009, we sold the Cullman Shopping Center, a 92,500 square foot facility located in Cullman, Alabama for a sales price of $4.0 million. We received $3.0 million in cash after paying off the existing debt of $1.0 million. The project was sold to a related party; therefore the gain of $1.9 million was deferred and will be recorded upon sale to a third party.

In April 2009, we sold 3.02 acres of land known as West End land located in Dallas, Texas for a sales price of $8.5 million. We received $4.6 million in cash after paying off the existing debt of $3.4 million and closing costs of $0.5 million. We recorded a gain on sale of $4.9 million on the land parcel.

In April 2009, we sold 3.13 acres of land known as Verandas at City View land located in Fort Worth, Texas for a sales price of $1.3 million. We paid off the existing debt of $1.3 million and closing costs. We recorded a gain on sale of $0.7 million on the land parcel.

In June 2009, we sold 3.96 acres of land known as Teleport land located in Irving, Texas for a sales price of $1.1 million. We received $1.0 million in cash after paying off the existing debt of $0.1 million and closing costs. We recorded a gain on sale of $0.4 million on the land parcel.

In June 2009, we sold the 76-unit Bridgestone apartments located in Friendswood, Texas for a sales price of $2.9 million. We received $0.83 million in cash after paying off the existing debt of $1.9 million and closing costs of $0.18 million. We recorded a gain on sale of $2.2 million on the property.

In June 2009, we sold 8.23 acres of land known as Leone land located in Irving, Texas for a sales price of $3.2 million. We received $2.0 million in cash after paying off the existing debt of $1.2 million and closing costs of $0.13 million. We recorded a gain on sale of $1.5 million on the land parcel.

 

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AMERICAN REALTY INVESTORS, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

 

In July 2009, we sold 29.53 acres of Hines Meridian land located in Dallas, Texas and 807.90 acres of Travis Ranch land located in Kaufman County, Texas for $16.0 million. We paid off the existing debt of $13.5 million. We recorded no gain or loss on the land parcels.

In July 2009, we sold 378 acres of Beltline land located in Dallas, Texas for $2.0 million. We paid off the existing debt of $2.0 million. We recorded no gain or loss on the land parcel.

In July 2009, we sold the 5000 Space Center, a 101,500 square foot commercial facility located in San Antonio, Texas and the 5360 Tulane, a 30,000 square foot commercial facility located in Atlanta, Georgia for a sales price of $4.0 million. We received $2.7 million in cash after paying off the existing debt of $1.3 million. We recorded a gain on sale of $3.0 million on the commercial properties.

In September 2009, we purchased 54.86 acres of Gautier land located at Gautier, Mississippi for $3.4 million.

In October 2009, we sold the 2010 Valley View office building; a 40,666 square foot facility located in Farmers Branch, Texas, for a sales price of $3.2 million. We received $1.2 million in cash by way of an intercompany note receivable increase after paying off the existing debt of $2.0 million. The property was sold to a related party; therefore the gain of $0.8 million was deferred and will be recorded upon sale to a third party. We also sold the Parkway Centre retail shopping center; a 28,374 square foot facility located in Dallas, Texas, for a sales price of $4.0 million. We received $1.3 million in cash by way of an intercompany note receivable increase after paying off the existing debt of $2.6 million. The property was sold to a related party; therefore the gain of $0.6 million was deferred and will be recorded upon sale to a third party.

In November 2009, we acquired 27.192 acres of McKinney Ranch land located in McKinney, Texas in lieu of a note receivable payoff of $6.4 million and existing mortgage assumption of $5.3 million.

In November 2009, we purchased the Keller Springs Technical Center, an 80,000 square foot commercial building located in Carrollton, Texas for $6.0 million. We assumed the current mortgage of $6.0 million.

In December 2009, we sold the Bridges on Kinsey Apartments, a 232-unit complex, located in Tyler, Texas for $20.5 million. We received $6.8 million in cash, and the buyer assumed the existing mortgage of $14.0 million secured by the property. The property was sold to a related party; therefore the gain of $5.2 million was deferred and will be recorded upon sale to a third party.

 

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AMERICAN REALTY INVESTORS, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

 

NOTE 3. NOTES AND INTEREST RECEIVABLE

A portion of our assets are invested in mortgage notes receivable, principally secured by real estate. We may originate mortgage loans in conjunction with providing purchase money financing of property sales. Notes receivable are generally collateralized by real estate or interests in real estate and personal guarantees of the borrower and, unless noted otherwise, are so secured Management intends to service and hold for investment the mortgage notes in our portfolio. A majority of the notes receivable provide for principal to be paid at maturity. Our mortgage notes receivable consist of first, wraparound and junior mortgage loans (dollars in thousands).

 

Borrower

   Maturity
Date
    Interest
Rate
    Amount    

Security

        

Performing loans:

        

3334Z Apts, LP

   04/12      6.50   $ 1,875      100% Interest in 3334Z Apts

Basic Capital Management(1)

   10/11      prime + 2     1,253      Industrial building, Arlington, TX

Basic Capital Management(1)

   10/11      prime + 2     1,523      Retail building, Cary, NC

Dallas Fund XVII LP

   10/09      9.00     1,116      Assignment of partnership interests

Garden Centura LP(1)

   N/A