FannieMae Q2.06.30.2013 10Q

 

UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
Form 10-Q

þ
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2013
OR
¨
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from     to         
Commission File No.: 0-50231
Federal National Mortgage Association
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Fannie Mae
Federally chartered corporation
52-0883107
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
 
3900 Wisconsin Avenue, NW
Washington, DC
20016
(Zip Code)
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code:
(202) 752-7000
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes þ     No ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes þ     No ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer ¨
Accelerated filer  þ
Non-accelerated filer  ¨
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
Smaller reporting company  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ¨  No þ
As of June 30, 2013, there were 1,158,077,970 shares of common stock of the registrant outstanding.
 



TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
Page
PART I—Financial Information
1
Item 1.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 2.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 3.
Item 4.
PART II—Other Information
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
Item 5.
Item 6.

i


MD&A TABLE REFERENCE
Table
Description
Page
1
Selected Credit Characteristics of Single-Family Conventional Loans Held, by Acquisition Period
5
2
Single-Family Acquisitions Statistics
5
3
Credit Statistics, Single-Family Guaranty Book of Business
7
4
Summary of Condensed Consolidated Results of Operations
16
5
Analysis of Net Interest Income and Yield
17
6
Rate/Volume Analysis of Changes in Net Interest Income
19
7
Impact of Nonaccrual Loans on Net Interest Income
20
8
Fair Value Gains (Losses), Net
21
9
Total Loss Reserves
22
10
Allowance for Loan Losses and Reserve for Guaranty Losses (Combined Loss Reserves)
23
11
Nonperforming Single-Family and Multifamily Loans
25
12
Credit Loss Performance Metrics
26
13
Single-Family Credit Loss Sensitivity
27
14
Single-Family Business Results
29
15
Multifamily Business Results
31
16
Capital Markets Group Results
33
17
Capital Markets Group’s Mortgage Portfolio Activity
35
18
Capital Markets Group’s Mortgage Portfolio Composition
36
19
Summary of Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
37
20
Summary of Mortgage-Related Securities at Fair Value
38
21
Comparative Measures—GAAP Change in Stockholders’ Equity and Non-GAAP Change in Fair Value of Net Assets (Net of Tax Effect)
40
22
Supplemental Non-GAAP Consolidated Fair Value Balance Sheets
42
23
Activity in Debt of Fannie Mae
45
24
Outstanding Short-Term Borrowings and Long-Term Debt
47
25
Maturity Profile of Outstanding Debt of Fannie Mae Maturing Within One Year
48
26
Maturity Profile of Outstanding Debt of Fannie Mae Maturing in More Than One Year
49
27
Cash and Other Investments Portfolio
49
28
Fannie Mae Credit Ratings
50
29
Composition of Mortgage Credit Book of Business
53
30
Risk Characteristics of Single-Family Conventional Business Volume and Guaranty Book of Business
55
31
Selected Credit Characteristics of Single-Family Conventional Loans Acquired under HARP and Refi Plus
58
32
Delinquency Status of Single-Family Conventional Loans
60
33
Single-Family Serious Delinquency Rates
61
34
Single-Family Conventional Serious Delinquency Rate Concentration Analysis
62
35
Statistics on Single-Family Loan Workouts
63
36
Percentage of Single-Family Loan Modifications That Were Current or Paid Off at One and Two Years Post-Modification
64
37
Single-Family Foreclosed Properties
64
38
Single-Family Foreclosed Property Status
65
39
Multifamily Lender Risk-Sharing
66
40
Multifamily Guaranty Book of Business Key Risk Characteristics
66

ii


Table
Description
Page
41
Multifamily Concentration Analysis
67
42
Multifamily Foreclosed Properties
68
43
Repurchase Request Activity
69
44
Outstanding Repurchase Requests
70
45
Mortgage Insurance Coverage
72
46
Rescission Rates and Claims Resolution of Mortgage Insurance
73
47
Estimated Mortgage Insurance Benefit
74
48
Unpaid Principal Balance of Financial Guarantees
74
49
Credit Loss Exposure of Risk Management Derivative Instruments
77
50
Interest Rate Sensitivity of Net Portfolio to Changes in Interest Rate Level and Slope of Yield Curve
79
51
Derivative Impact on Interest Rate Risk (50 Basis Points)
80



iii


PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
We have been under conservatorship, with the Federal Housing Finance Agency (“FHFA”) acting as conservator, since September 6, 2008. As conservator, FHFA succeeded to all rights, titles, powers and privileges of the company, and of any shareholder, officer or director of the company with respect to the company and its assets. The conservator has since delegated specified authorities to our Board of Directors and has delegated to management the authority to conduct our day-to-day operations. Our directors do not have any fiduciary duties to any person or entity except to the conservator and, accordingly, are not obligated to consider the interests of the company, the holders of our equity or debt securities or the holders of Fannie Mae MBS unless specifically directed to do so by the conservator. We describe the rights and powers of the conservator, key provisions of our agreements with the U.S. Department of the Treasury (“Treasury”), and their impact on shareholders in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2012 (“2012 Form 10-K”) in “Business—Conservatorship and Treasury Agreements.”
You should read this Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (“MD&A”) in conjunction with our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes and the more detailed information in our 2012 Form 10-K.
This report contains forward-looking statements that are based on management’s current expectations and are subject to significant uncertainties and changes in circumstances. Please review “Forward-Looking Statements” for more information on the forward-looking statements in this report. Our actual results may differ materially from those reflected in our forward-looking statements due to a variety of factors including, but not limited to, those discussed in “Risk Factors” and elsewhere in this report and in “Risk Factors” in our 2012 Form 10-K.
You can find a “Glossary of Terms Used in This Report” in the “MD&A” of our 2012 Form 10-K.
INTRODUCTION
Fannie Mae is a government-sponsored enterprise (“GSE”) that was chartered by Congress in 1938. Our public mission is to support liquidity and stability in the secondary mortgage market, where existing mortgage-related assets are purchased and sold, and increase the supply of affordable housing. Our charter does not permit us to originate loans or lend money directly to consumers in the primary mortgage market. However, as the leading source of residential mortgage credit in the secondary market, we indirectly enable families to buy, refinance or rent a home. We securitize mortgage loans originated by lenders into Fannie Mae mortgage-backed securities that we guarantee, which we refer to as Fannie Mae MBS. We also purchase mortgage loans and mortgage-related securities. We use the term “acquire” in this report to refer to both our securitizations and our purchases of mortgage-related assets. We obtain funds to support our business activities by issuing a variety of debt securities in the domestic and international capital markets.
Like the mortgage finance industry we serve, Fannie Mae is undergoing significant transformation. Since entering into conservatorship in September 2008, our senior management, constituencies and priorities have changed. More than 80% of our current senior management team, and every member of our management committee, has been hired or promoted into their current role since we entered into conservatorship. More than half of our employees were hired after conservatorship began. Moreover, instead of being run for the benefit of shareholders, our company is managed in the overall interest of taxpayers, which is consistent with the substantial public investment in us. Ultimately, we help fill the role of enabling families to buy, refinance or rent a home.
Our conservatorship has no specified termination date, and we do not know when or how the conservatorship will be terminated, whether we will continue to exist following conservatorship, or what changes to our business structure will be made during or following the conservatorship. Our agreements with Treasury that provide for financial support also include covenants that significantly restrict our business activities. We provide additional information on the conservatorship, the provisions of our agreements with Treasury, and their impact on our business in our 2012 Form 10-K in “Business—Conservatorship and Treasury Agreements” and “Risk Factors.” We discuss the uncertainty of our future and its impact on us in “Executive Summary—Outlook” in this report and in “Risk Factors” in our 2012 Form 10-K. We describe recent proposals for GSE reform that could materially affect our business in “Legislative and Regulatory Developments—GSE Reform” in this report and “Business—Legislative and Regulatory Developments” in our 2012 Form 10-K.

1



Although Treasury owns our senior preferred stock and a warrant to purchase 79.9% of our common stock and has made a commitment under a senior preferred stock purchase agreement to provide us with funds to maintain a positive net worth under specified conditions, the U.S. government does not guarantee our securities or other obligations.
Our common stock is traded in the over-the-counter market and quoted on the OTC Bulletin Board under the symbol “FNMA.” Our debt securities are actively traded in the over-the-counter market.
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
We are focused on paying Treasury for taxpayers’ investment in Fannie Mae, which can be accomplished by supporting the housing recovery, helping struggling homeowners and laying the foundation for a better housing finance system going forward.
Our actions to accomplish these objectives are having a positive impact:
Financial Results and Treasury Dividend Payments. Our financial results for the second quarter of 2013 continued to be strong. With our net income of $10.1 billion for the second quarter of 2013, we ended the quarter with a positive net worth of $13.2 billion as of June 30, 2013. We will pay $10.2 billion of that net worth as a dividend on the senior preferred stock to Treasury in the third quarter of 2013. With this dividend payment, we will have paid a total of $105.3 billion in dividends to Treasury on the senior preferred stock. We expect to remain profitable for the foreseeable future. See “Summary of Our Financial Performance” below for an overview of our financial performance for the second quarter and first half of 2013, as compared with the second quarter and first half of 2012. For more information regarding our expectations for our future financial performance, see “Outlook” and “Strengthening Our Book of Business—Expectations Regarding Future Revenues” below.
Providing Liquidity and Support to the Mortgage Market. We continued to be the leading provider of liquidity to the mortgage market in the second quarter of 2013. As described below under “Contributions to the Housing and Mortgage Markets Since Entering Conservatorship—2013 Acquisitions and Market Share,” we remained the largest single issuer of mortgage-related securities in the secondary market during the quarter and remained a constant source of liquidity in the multifamily market.
Strong New Book of Business. Single-family loans we have acquired since the beginning of 2009 constituted 72% of our single-family guaranty book of business as of June 30, 2013, while the single-family loans we acquired prior to 2009 constituted 28% of our single-family book of business. We refer to the single-family loans we have acquired since the beginning of 2009 as our “new single-family book of business” and the single-family loans we acquired prior to 2009 as our “legacy book of business.” As described below in “Strengthening Our Book of Business—Credit Risk Profile,” we expect that our new single-family book of business will be profitable over its lifetime.
Credit Performance. Our single-family serious delinquency rate continued to decline from its peak of 5.59% as of February 28, 2010, and was 2.77% as of June 30, 2013, compared with 3.53% as of June 30, 2012. See “Credit Performance” below for additional information about the credit performance of the mortgage loans in our single-family guaranty book of business.
Reducing Credit Losses and Helping Homeowners. We continued to execute on our strategies for reducing credit losses on our legacy book of business, which are addressed in “Business—Executive Summary—Reducing Credit Losses on Our Legacy Book of Business” in our 2012 Form 10-K. As part of our strategy to reduce defaults, we provided approximately 61,500 loan workouts in the second quarter of 2013 to help homeowners stay in their homes or otherwise avoid foreclosure.
We also continued our efforts to help build a new housing finance system, including pursuing the strategic goals identified by our conservator: build a new infrastructure for the secondary mortgage market; gradually contract our dominant presence in the marketplace while simplifying and shrinking our operations; and maintain foreclosure prevention activities and credit availability for new and refinanced mortgages. We discuss these goals in our 2012 Form 10-K in “Business—Executive Summary—Helping to Build a New Housing Finance System.” In March 2013, the Acting Director of FHFA released 2013 corporate performance goals and related targets for Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, referred to as the 2013 conservatorship scorecard, that build upon these strategic goals. See our current report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on March 8, 2013 for a description of the 2013 conservatorship scorecard.
In addition to working on FHFA’s conservatorship scorecard objectives, we are also working on additional related projects to help prepare our business and infrastructure for potential future changes in the structure of the U.S. housing finance system. For example, one of our priorities is to modernize our technological infrastructure. These projects will likely take several

2



years to implement. We are devoting significant resources to and incurring significant expenses in implementing FHFA’s objectives and these additional related projects.
Summary of Our Financial Performance
Our financial results for the second quarter and first half of 2013 reflected continued improvements in the housing and mortgage markets, resulting in a further reduction in our loss reserves, and continued stable revenues. In addition, the increase in interest rates during the second quarter and first half of 2013 resulted in improvements in the fair value of financial instruments that we mark to market in our earnings, resulting in fair value gains primarily related to derivatives during the periods. Although the increase in interest rates had a positive impact on the fair value of our financial instruments, the increase in interest rates had a negative impact on our loss reserves.
Although we expect our revenues to continue to be stable, we expect volatility from period to period in our financial results due to changes in market conditions that result in periodic fluctuations in the estimated fair value of the financial instruments that we mark to market through our earnings. These instruments include trading securities and derivatives. The estimated fair value of our trading securities and derivatives may fluctuate substantially from period to period because of changes in interest rates, credit spreads and interest rate volatility, as well as activity related to these financial instruments. While the estimated fair value of our derivatives that serve to mitigate certain risk exposures may fluctuate, some of the financial instruments that generate these exposures are not recorded at fair value in our condensed consolidated financial statements. In addition, our credit-related income or expense can vary substantially from period to period primarily due to changes in home prices, borrower payment behavior and economic conditions.
Comprehensive Income
Quarterly Results
We recognized comprehensive income of $10.3 billion in the second quarter of 2013, consisting of net income of $10.1 billion and other comprehensive income of $166 million. In comparison, we recognized comprehensive income of $5.4 billion in the second quarter of 2012, consisting of net income of $5.1 billion and other comprehensive income of $328 million.
The $5.0 billion increase in our net income in the second quarter of 2013 compared with the second quarter of 2012 was primarily due to increases in fair value gains and credit-related income. The $3.3 billion increase in fair value gains, which consisted of fair value gains of $829 million in the second quarter of 2013 compared with fair value losses of $2.4 billion in the second quarter of 2012, was primarily driven by derivatives fair value gains as swap rates increased in the second quarter of 2013 compared with derivatives fair value losses as swap rates declined in the second quarter of 2012.
Credit-related income increased by $2.6 billion to $5.7 billion in the second quarter of 2013 from $3.1 billion in the second quarter of 2012. Credit-related income for the second quarters of 2013 and 2012 was primarily due to a significant increase in home prices, including higher average sales prices on our real estate owned (“REO”) properties, which resulted in a reduction in our loss reserves and a benefit for credit losses. In addition, in the second quarter of 2013, we updated the assumptions and data used to estimate our allowance for loan losses for individually impaired single-family loans to reflect faster prepayment and lower default expectations for these loans, which resulted in a decrease to our allowance for loan losses and an incremental benefit for credit losses of approximately $2.2 billion. See “Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates—Total Loss Reserves” for additional information. The positive impact of these factors on our credit-related income for the second quarter of 2013 was partially offset by lower cash flow projections on our individually impaired loans due to increasing mortgage interest rates in the second quarter of 2013. Higher mortgage interest rates lengthen the expected lives of modified loans and thus increase the impairment related to concessions on these loans, resulting in an increase to the provision for credit losses.
We recognized a provision for federal income taxes of $2.0 billion in the second quarter of 2013 as our current estimate of pre-tax income for 2013 was greater than our estimate as of March 31, 2013. We did not recognize a provision for federal income taxes in the second quarter of 2012. See “Note 10, Income Taxes” for additional information.
Year-to-Date Results
We recognized comprehensive income of $69.6 billion in the first half of 2013, consisting of net income of $68.8 billion and other comprehensive income of $820 million. In comparison, we recognized comprehensive income of $8.5 billion in the first half of 2012, consisting of net income of $7.8 billion and other comprehensive income of $690 million.
Our comprehensive income in the first half of 2013 was driven primarily by the release of the substantial majority of our valuation allowance against our deferred tax assets in the first quarter of 2013, which resulted in a benefit for federal income taxes of $48.6 billion in our condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income for the first half of

3



2013. We discuss the factors that led to our conclusion to release the valuation allowance against our deferred tax assets in “Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates—Deferred Tax Assets” and “Note 10, Income Taxes.”
Our pre-tax income, which excludes the benefit for federal income taxes, was $20.2 billion in the first half of 2013 compared with $7.8 billion in the first half of 2012. The increase in our pre-tax income was primarily due to an increase in credit-related income to $6.9 billion in the first half of 2013 from $772 million in the first half of 2012 and fair value gains of $1.7 billion in the first half of 2013 compared with fair value losses of $2.2 billion in the first half of 2012. The improvement in our pre-tax income in the first half of 2013 was primarily a result of increased credit-related income and fair value gains due to the same factors that impacted the second quarter of 2013, which are described above.
In addition, net interest income increased $1.3 billion in the first half of 2013 compared with the first half of 2012. The increase in net interest income was driven, in large part, by a reduction in the amount of interest income not recognized for nonaccrual mortgage loans, which resulted from a 22% decline in the number of seriously delinquent loans and our resolution agreement with Bank of America in the first quarter of 2013. The resolution agreement resulted in the recognition of $518 million of unamortized cost basis adjustments on loans repurchased by Bank of America. See “Note 20, Subsequent Events” in our 2012 Form 10-K for additional information on this agreement.
We recognized other comprehensive income of $820 million in the first half of 2013 compared with $690 million in the first half of 2012. The other comprehensive income recognized in the first half of 2013 and 2012 was driven by decreases in unrealized losses on non-agency available-for-sale securities primarily due to the narrowing of credit spreads.
See “Consolidated Results of Operations” for more information on our results.
Net Worth
Our net worth increased to $13.2 billion as of June 30, 2013 from $7.2 billion as of December 31, 2012, primarily due to our comprehensive income of $69.6 billion, partially offset by our payments to Treasury of $63.6 billion in senior preferred stock dividends during the first half of 2013.
As a result of our positive net worth as of June 30, 2013, we are not requesting a draw from Treasury under the senior preferred stock purchase agreement. Our dividend payment for the third quarter of 2013 will be $10.2 billion, which is calculated based on our net worth of $13.2 billion as of June 30, 2013 less the applicable capital reserve amount of $3.0 billion. As of September 30, 2013, we will have paid a total of $105.3 billion in dividends to Treasury on the senior preferred stock.
Total Loss Reserves
Our total loss reserves consist of (1) our allowance for loan losses, (2) our allowance for accrued interest receivable, (3) our allowance for preforeclosure property taxes and insurance receivables, and (4) our reserve for guaranty losses. Our total loss reserves, which reflect our estimate of the probable losses we have incurred in our guaranty book of business, including concessions we granted borrowers upon modification of their loans, decreased to $53.1 billion as of June 30, 2013 from $62.6 billion as of December 31, 2012. Our total loss reserve coverage to total nonperforming loans was 23% as of June 30, 2013 compared with 25% as of December 31, 2012.
Strengthening Our Book of Business
Credit Risk Profile
While making it possible for families to purchase, refinance or rent a home, we have established responsible credit standards to protect homeowners as well as taxpayers. Since 2009, we have seen the effect of actions we took, beginning in 2008, to significantly strengthen our underwriting and eligibility standards and change our pricing to promote sustainable homeownership and stability in the housing market. While we do not yet know how the single-family loans we have acquired since January 1, 2009 will ultimately perform, given their strong credit risk profile and based on their performance so far, we expect that in the aggregate these loans will be profitable over their lifetime, by which we mean that we expect our fee income on these loans to exceed our credit losses and administrative costs for them. In contrast, we expect that the single-family loans we acquired from 2005 through 2008, in the aggregate, will not be profitable over their lifetime.
Our expectations regarding the ultimate performance of our loans are based on numerous expectations and assumptions, including those relating to expected changes in home prices, borrower behavior, public policy and other macroeconomic factors. If future conditions are less favorable than our expectations, our new single-family book of business could become unprofitable. See “Outlook—Home Prices” for our current expectations regarding changes in home prices. Also see “Outlook—Factors that Could Cause Actual Results to be Materially Different from Our Estimates and Expectations” in this report

4



and “Risk Factors” in both this report and our 2012 Form 10-K for a discussion of factors that could cause our expectations regarding the performance of the loans in our new single-family book of business to change.
Table 1 below displays information regarding the credit characteristics of the loans in our single-family conventional guaranty book of business as of June 30, 2013 by acquisition period, which illustrates the improvement in the credit risk profile of loans we acquired beginning in 2009 compared with loans we acquired in 2005 through 2008.
Table 1: Selected Credit Characteristics of Single-Family Conventional Loans Held, by Acquisition Period
 
As of June 30, 2013 
 
 
Percentage of  
 
  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Single-Family 
 
Current 
 
Current 
 
 
 
 
Conventional 
 
Estimated 
 
Mark-to-Market 
 
Serious  
 
Guaranty Book  
 
Mark-to-Market 
 
LTV Ratio 
 
Delinquency 
 
of Business(1)
 
LTV Ratio
 
>100%(2)
 
Rate(3)
New Single-Family Book of Business
72
%
 
67
%
 
5
%
 
0.33
%
Legacy Single-Family Book of Business:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2005-2008
18
 
 
91
 
 
33
 
 
9.69
 
2004 and prior
10
 
 
53
 
 
4
 
 
3.55
 
Total Single-Family Book of Business
100
%
 
70
%
 
10
%
 
2.77
%
__________
(1) 
Calculated based on the aggregate unpaid principal balance of single-family conventional loans for each category divided by the aggregate unpaid principal balance of loans in our single-family conventional guaranty book of business.
(2) 
The majority of loans in our new single-family book of business as of June 30, 2013 with mark-to-market loan-to-value (“LTV”) ratios over 100% were loans acquired under the Home Affordable Refinance Program. See “Risk Management—Credit Risk Management—Single-Family Mortgage Credit Risk Management—Single-Family Portfolio Diversification and Monitoring—HARP and Refi Plus Loans” for more information on our recent acquisitions of loans with high LTV ratios.
(3) 
The serious delinquency rates for loans acquired in more recent years will be higher after the loans have aged, but we do not expect them to approach the levels of the June 30, 2013 serious delinquency rates of loans in our legacy book of business.
Whether the loans we acquire in the future will exhibit an overall credit profile and performance similar to our more recent acquisitions will depend on a number of factors, including our future pricing and eligibility standards and those of mortgage insurers and the Federal Housing Administration (“FHA”), the percentage of loan originations representing refinancings, our future objectives, government policy, market and competitive conditions, and the volume and characteristics of loans we acquire under the Home Affordable Refinance Program (“HARP”).
More detailed information on the risk characteristics of loans in our single-family book of business appears in “Risk Management—Credit Risk Management—Single-Family Mortgage Credit Risk Management—Single-Family Portfolio Diversification and Monitoring” and in “Table 30: Risk Characteristics of Single-Family Conventional Business Volume and Guaranty Book of Business” in that section. Information about the impact of HARP on the credit characteristics our new single-family book of business appears in “Risk Management—Credit Risk Management—Single-Family Mortgage Credit Risk Management—Single-Family Portfolio Diversification and Monitoring—HARP and Refi Plus Loans” and in “Table 31: Selected Credit Characteristics of Single-Family Conventional Loans Acquired under HARP and Refi Plus” in that section.
Guaranty Fees on Recently Acquired Single-Family Loans
Table 2 below displays information regarding our average charged guaranty fee on single-family loans we acquired in the second quarter and first half of 2013 and 2012, as well as the volume of our single-family Fannie Mae MBS issuances for these periods, which is indicative of the volume of single-family loans we acquired.
Table 2: Single-Family Acquisitions Statistics
 
For the Three Months Ended June 30,
 
For the Six Months Ended June 30,
 
 
2013
 
 
 
2012
 
 
 
2013
 
 
 
2012
 
Single-family average charged guaranty fee on new acquisitions (in basis points)(1)(2)
 
56.9

 
 
 
40.3

 
 
 
55.7

 
 
 
34.2

 
Single-family Fannie Mae MBS issuances (in millions)(3)
 
$
206,978

 
 

$
175,043

 
 
 
$
428,843

 
 
 
$
371,798

 

5



__________
(1) 
Pursuant to the Temporary Payroll Tax Cut Continuation Act of 2011, effective April 1, 2012, we increased the guaranty fee on all single-family residential mortgages delivered to us on or after that date for securitization by 10 basis points, and the incremental revenue must be remitted to Treasury. The resulting revenue is included in guaranty fee income and the expense is included in other expenses. This increase in guaranty fee is also included in the single-family average charged guaranty fee.
(2) 
Calculated based on the average contractual fee rate for our single-family guaranty arrangements entered into during the period plus the recognition of any upfront cash payments ratably over an estimated average life, expressed in basis points.
(3) 
Reflects unpaid principal balance of Fannie Mae MBS issued and guaranteed by the Single-Family segment during the period.
The revenue we receive from guaranty fees depends on the volume of our single-family acquisitions, the charged guaranty fee at acquisition and the life of the loans. Because we increased our guaranty fees in 2012 on loans acquired after the increase, we expect to benefit from receiving significantly more revenue from guaranty fees in future periods than we have in prior periods, even after we remit some of this revenue to Treasury as we are required to do under the Temporary Payroll Tax Cut Continuation Act of 2011 (the “TCCA”). The increase in our average charged guaranty fee on newly acquired single-family loans from the first half of 2012 to the first half of 2013 was primarily attributable to the 10 basis point increase on April 1, 2012 mandated by the TCCA, from which the incremental revenue is remitted to Treasury, and an average additional increase of 10 basis points implemented during the fourth quarter of 2012.
Although we do not know the specific timing, form or extent of future changes in our guaranty fee pricing, we believe that we will increase our guaranty fees in the future. These increases in guaranty fee pricing support FHFA’s strategic plan to gradually contract our dominant presence in the marketplace and attract private capital. See “Business—Legislative and Regulatory Developments—Changes to Our Single-Family Guaranty Fee Pricing and Revenue” in our 2012 Form 10-K for more information on changes to our guaranty fee pricing.
Expectations Regarding Future Revenues
We currently have two primary sources of revenues: (1) the difference between interest income earned on the assets in our retained mortgage portfolio and the interest expense associated with the debt that funds those assets; and (2) the guaranty fees we receive for managing the credit risk on loans underlying Fannie Mae MBS held by third parties. Our “retained mortgage portfolio” refers to the mortgage-related assets we own (which excludes mortgage-related assets held by consolidated MBS trusts that are owned by third parties). Historically, we have generated the majority of our revenues from the difference between the interest income earned on the assets in our retained mortgage portfolio and the interest expense associated with the debt that funds those assets. As we discuss in our 2012 Form 10-K in “Conservatorship and Treasury Agreements—Treasury Agreements—Covenants under Treasury Agreements,” we are required to reduce the size of our retained mortgage portfolio each year until we hold no more than $250 billion in mortgage assets by the end of 2018. As we reduce the size of our retained mortgage portfolio, our revenues generated by our retained mortgage portfolio assets will also decrease. As a result of both the shrinking of our retained mortgage portfolio and the impact of guaranty fee increases, we expect that, in a number of years, guaranty fees will become the primary source of our revenues.
We recognize almost all of our guaranty fee revenue in net interest income in our condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income. The percentage of our net interest income derived from guaranty fees on loans underlying our Fannie Mae MBS has increased over the past year. We estimate that approximately 35% of our net interest income for the six months ended June 30, 2013 was derived from guaranty fees on loans underlying our Fannie Mae MBS, compared with approximately 30% for the six months ended June 30, 2012.
We expect that, if current housing market conditions continue and if we are not required to sell more of our retained mortgage portfolio assets than we currently anticipate selling, increases in our revenues from guaranty fees will generally offset the expected declines in our revenues generated by our retained mortgage portfolio assets. Any future increases in guaranty fees will likely further increase our guaranty fee revenue. The amount of our guaranty fee revenue in future periods will be impacted by many factors, including adjustments to guaranty fee pricing we may make in the future, the life of the loans in our guaranty book of business and the size of our guaranty book of business.
Because loans remain in our book of business for a number of years, the credit quality of and guaranty fees we charge on the loans we acquire in a particular year affects our results for a period of years after we acquire them. Accordingly, we expect the improvements in the credit quality of our loan acquisitions since 2009 and the increases in our charged guaranty fees on recently acquired loans to contribute significantly to our revenues for years to come, especially because these loans have relatively low interest rates, making them less likely to be refinanced than loans with higher interest rates.

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Credit Performance
Table 3 presents information for each of the last six quarters about the credit performance of mortgage loans in our single-family guaranty book of business and our workouts. The term “workouts” refers to home retention solutions and foreclosure alternatives. The workout information in Table 3 does not reflect repayment plans and forbearances that have been initiated but not completed, nor does it reflect trial modifications that have not become permanent.
Table 3: Credit Statistics, Single-Family Guaranty Book of Business(1)
  
2013
 
 
2012
 
  
Q2 YTD
 
Q2
 
Q1
 
 
Full
Year
 
 
Q4
 
 
Q3
 
 
Q2
 
 
Q1
 
  
(Dollars in millions)
 
As of the end of each period: 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Serious delinquency rate(2)
2.77

%
2.77

%
3.02

%
 
3.29

%
 
3.29

%
 
3.41

%
 
3.53

%
 
3.67

%
Seriously delinquent loan count
483,253

 
483,253

 
527,529

 
 
576,591

 
 
576,591

 
 
599,430

 
 
622,052

 
 
650,918

 
Nonperforming loans(3)
$
230,494

 
$
230,494

 
$
236,988

 
 
$
247,823

 
 
$
247,823

 
 
$
250,678

 
 
$
240,472

 
 
$
243,981

 
Foreclosed property inventory:

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Number of properties(4)
96,920

 
96,920

 
101,449

 
 
105,666

 
 
105,666

 
 
107,225

 
 
109,266

 
 
114,157

 
Carrying value
$
9,075

 
$
9,075

 
$
9,263

 
 
$
9,505

 
 
$
9,505

 
 
$
9,302

 
 
$
9,421

 
 
$
9,721

 
Combined loss reserves(5)
$
49,930

 
$
49,930

 
$
56,626

 
 
$
58,809

 
 
$
58,809

 
 
$
63,100

 
 
$
63,365

 
 
$
69,633

 
Total loss reserves(6)
$
52,141

 
$
52,141

 
$
59,114

 
 
$
61,396

 
 
$
61,396

 
 
$
65,685

 
 
$
66,694

 
 
$
73,119

 
During the period: 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreclosed property (number of properties): 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Acquisitions(4)
74,823

 
36,106

 
38,717

 
 
174,479

 
 
41,112

 
 
41,884

 
 
43,783

 
 
47,700

 
Dispositions(4)
(83,569
)
 
(40,635
)
 
(42,934
)
 
 
(187,341
)
 
 
(42,671
)
 
 
(43,925
)
 
 
(48,674
)
 
 
(52,071
)
 
Credit-related income (expenses)(7)
$
6,715

 
$
5,681

 
$
1,034

 
 
$
919

 
 
$
2,419

 
 
$
(2,130
)
 
 
$
3,015

 
 
$
(2,385
)
 
Credit losses(8)
$
3,044

 
$
1,541

 
$
1,503

 
 
$
14,392

 
 
$
2,174

 
 
$
3,485

 
 
$
3,778

 
 
$
4,955

 
REO net sales prices to unpaid principal balance(9)
66

%
68

%
65

%
 
59

%
 
62

%
 
61

%
 
59

%
 
56

%
Short sales net sales price to unpaid principal balance(10)
66

%
67

%
64

%
 
61

%
 
63

%
 
61

%
 
60

%
 
58

%
Loan workout activity (number of loans): 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Home retention loan workouts(11)
91,417

 
43,782

 
47,635

 
 
186,741

 
 
44,044

 
 
45,936

 
 
41,226

 
 
55,535

 
Short sales and deeds-in-lieu of foreclosure
33,836

 
17,710

 
16,126

 
 
88,732

 
 
19,184

 
 
23,322

 
 
24,013

 
 
22,213

 
Total loan workouts
125,253

 
61,492

 
63,761

 
 
275,473

 
 
63,228

 
 
69,258

 
 
65,239

 
 
77,748

 
Loan workouts as a percentage of delinquent loans in our guaranty book of business(12)
27.82

%
27.31

%
27.53

%
 
26.38

%
 
24.22

%
 
25.18

%
 
24.14

%
 
28.85

%
__________
(1) 
Our single-family guaranty book of business consists of (a) single-family mortgage loans of Fannie Mae, (b) single-family mortgage loans underlying Fannie Mae MBS and (c) other credit enhancements that we provide on single-family mortgage assets, such as long-term standby commitments. It excludes non-Fannie Mae mortgage-related securities held in our retained mortgage portfolio for which we do not provide a guaranty.
(2) 
Calculated based on the number of single-family conventional loans that are 90 days or more past due and loans that have been referred to foreclosure but not yet foreclosed upon, divided by the number of loans in our single-family conventional guaranty book of business. We include all of the single-family conventional loans that we own and those that back Fannie Mae MBS in the calculation of the single-family serious delinquency rate.
(3) 
Represents the total amount of nonperforming loans, including troubled debt restructurings (TDR). A TDR is a restructuring of a mortgage loan in which a concession is granted to a borrower experiencing financial difficulty. We generally classify loans as nonperforming when the payment of principal or interest on the loan is 60 days or more past due.
(4) 
Includes held-for-use properties (properties that we do not intend to sell or that are not ready for immediate sale in their current condition), which are reported in our condensed consolidated balance sheets as a component of “Other assets,” and acquisitions through deeds-in-lieu of foreclosure.

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(5) 
Consists of the allowance for loan losses for single-family loans recognized in our condensed consolidated balance sheets and the reserve for guaranty losses related to both loans backing Fannie Mae MBS that we do not consolidate in our condensed consolidated balance sheets and loans that we have guaranteed under long-term standby commitments. For additional information on the change in our loss reserves see “Consolidated Results of Operations—Credit-Related Income—Benefit for Credit Losses.”
(6) 
Consists of (a) the combined loss reserves, (b) allowance for accrued interest receivable and (c) allowance for preforeclosure property taxes and insurance receivables.
(7) 
Consists of (a) the benefit (provision) for credit losses and (b) foreclosed property income (expense).
(8) 
Consists of (a) charge-offs, net of recoveries and (b) foreclosed property (income) expense, adjusted to exclude the impact of fair value losses resulting from credit-impaired loans acquired from MBS trusts.
(9) 
Calculated as the amount of sale proceeds received on disposition of REO properties during the respective period, excluding those subject to repurchase requests made to our seller/servicers, divided by the aggregate unpaid principal balance (“UPB”) of the related loans at the time of foreclosure. Net sales price represents the contract sales price less selling costs for the property and other charges paid by the seller at closing.
(10) 
Calculated as the amount of sale proceeds received on properties sold in short sale transactions during the respective period divided by the aggregate UPB of the related loans. Net sales price represents the contract sales price less the selling costs for the property and other charges paid by the seller at the closing, including borrower relocation incentive payments and subordinate lien(s) negotiated payoffs.
(11) 
Consists of (a) modifications, which do not include trial modifications, loans to certain borrowers who have received bankruptcy relief that are classified as TDRs, or repayment and forbearance plans that have been initiated but not completed and (b) repayment plans and forbearances completed. See “Table 35: Statistics on Single-Family Loan Workouts” in “Risk Management—Credit Risk Management—Single-Family Mortgage Credit Risk Management—Problem Loan Management—Loan Workout Metrics” for additional information on our various types of loan workouts.
(12) 
Calculated based on annualized problem loan workouts during the period as a percentage of delinquent loans in our single-family guaranty book of business as of the end of the period.
We provide information on the credit performance of mortgage loans in our single-family book of business, our loan workouts, our strategies and the actions we are taking to minimize our credit losses in “Risk Management—Credit Risk Management—Single-Family Mortgage Credit Risk Management” in both this report and our 2012 Form 10-K.
Contributions to the Housing and Mortgage Markets Since Entering Conservatorship
Liquidity and Support Activities
We have provided approximately $3.7 trillion in liquidity to the housing market since 2009, enabling families to buy, refinance or rent a home. Since we entered into conservatorship in September 2008, we have provided critical liquidity and support to the U.S. mortgage market in a number of important ways:
We serve as a stable source of liquidity for purchases of homes and financing of multifamily rental housing, as well as for refinancing existing mortgages. The approximately $3.7 trillion in liquidity we have provided to the mortgage market from 2009 through the second quarter of 2013 through our purchases and guarantees of loans enabled borrowers to complete 11.4 million mortgage refinancings and 3.1 million home purchases and provided financing for 1.9 million units of multifamily housing.
We strengthened our underwriting and eligibility standards to support sustainable homeownership. As a result, our new single-family book of business has a strong credit risk profile. Our support enables borrowers to have access to a variety of mortgage products, including long-term, fixed-rate mortgages, such as the prepayable 30-year fixed-rate mortgage, which protects homeowners from interest rate swings.
Through our loan workout efforts from 2009 through the second quarter of 2013, which included providing 962,344 loan modifications, we helped 1.3 million homeowners stay in their homes or otherwise avoid foreclosure. These efforts helped to support neighborhoods, home prices and the housing market.
We helped borrowers refinance loans, including through our Refi PlusTM initiative, which offers refinancing flexibility to eligible Fannie Mae borrowers. From April 1, 2009, the date we began accepting delivery of Refi Plus loans, through June 30, 2013, we acquired approximately 3.5 million Refi Plus loans. Refinancings delivered to us through Refi Plus in the second quarter of 2013 reduced borrowers’ monthly mortgage payments by an average of $234. Some borrowers’ monthly payments increased as they took advantage of the ability to refinance through Refi Plus to reduce the term of their loan, to switch from an adjustable-rate mortgage to a fixed-rate mortgage or to switch from an interest-only mortgage to a fully amortizing mortgage.
We support affordability in the multifamily rental market. Over 85% of the multifamily units we financed from 2009 through 2012 were affordable to families earning at or below the median income in their area.

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In addition to purchasing and guaranteeing loans, we provide funds to the mortgage market through short-term financing and other activities. These activities are described in more detail in our 2012 Form 10-K in “Business—Business Segments—Capital Markets.”
2013 Acquisitions and Market Share
As the leading provider of residential mortgage credit, we enable families to buy, refinance or rent a home. In the first half of 2013, we purchased or guaranteed approximately $468 billion in single-family and multifamily loans, measured by unpaid principal balance, which includes $16.4 billion in delinquent loans we purchased from our single-family MBS trusts. Our activities enabled our lender customers to finance approximately 2.1 million single-family conventional loans and loans for approximately 283,000 units in multifamily properties during the first half of 2013.
One of FHFA’s strategic goals for our conservatorship involves gradually contracting our dominant presence in the marketplace. Despite this goal, our market share remained large in the first half of 2013 as we have continued to meet the needs of the single-family mortgage market in the absence of substantial private capital. We remained the largest single issuer of mortgage-related securities in the secondary market during the second quarter of 2013, with an estimated market share of new single-family mortgage-related securities issuances of 45% in the second quarter of 2013, compared with 48% in the first quarter of 2013 and 46% in the second quarter of 2012.
We remain a constant source of liquidity in the multifamily market. We owned or guaranteed approximately 22% of the outstanding debt on multifamily properties as of March 31, 2013 (the latest date for which information is available).
Housing and Mortgage Market and Economic Conditions
Economic growth accelerated in the second quarter of 2013 compared with the first quarter of 2013. The inflation-adjusted U.S. gross domestic product, or GDP, rose by 1.7% on an annualized basis in the second quarter of 2013, according to the Bureau of Economic Analysis advance estimate, compared with an increase of 1.1% in the first quarter of 2013. We expect growth to pick up modestly in the second half of 2013. The U.S. government may reach the limit on its borrowing authority later this year, but we do not yet know what the impact or timing of this will be, although the limit is not expected to be reached before the fall of 2013. The overall economy gained an estimated 563,000 jobs in the second quarter. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, over the last 12 months ending in June 2013, the economy created 2.2 million non-farm jobs. The unemployment rate was 7.6% in June 2013, unchanged from March 2013. We expect that the housing market will continue to recover if employment continues to improve.
Housing activity showed improvement during the second quarter of 2013. Total existing home sales averaged 5.1 million units annualized in the second quarter of 2013, a 2.4% increase from the first quarter of 2013, according to data from the National Association of REALTORS®. Sales of foreclosed homes and preforeclosure, or “short,” sales (together, “distressed sales”) accounted for 15% of existing home sales in June 2013, compared with 21% in March 2013 and 26% in June 2012. New single-family home sales strengthened during the second quarter of 2013, averaging an annualized rate of 470,000 units, a 4.7% increase from the first quarter of 2013, according to the Bureau of the Census.
During the second quarter of 2013, the number of months’ supply, or the inventory/sales ratio, of available existing homes rose to 5.1 months and the number of months’ supply of new homes remained at 4.1 months. The inventory/sales ratio for both existing and new homes remained below their historical average.
The overall mortgage market serious delinquency rate, which has trended down since peaking in the fourth quarter of 2009, remained historically high at 6.4% as of March 31, 2013 (the latest date for which information is available), according to the Mortgage Bankers Association National Delinquency Survey. We provide information about Fannie Mae’s serious delinquency rate, which also decreased, in “Credit Performance.”
Based on our home price index, we estimate that home prices on a national basis increased by 5.9% in the first half of 2013 and by 7.4% from the second quarter of 2012 to the second quarter of 2013. Despite the recent increases in home prices, we estimate that, through the second quarter of 2013, home prices on a national basis remained 15.6% below their peak in the third quarter of 2006. Our home price estimates are based on preliminary data and are subject to change as additional data become available. The decline in home prices that began in 2006 left many homeowners with “negative equity” in their homes, which means their principal mortgage balance exceeds the current market value of their home. This increases the likelihood that borrowers will abandon their mortgage obligations and that the loans will become delinquent and proceed to foreclosure. According to CoreLogic, Inc. the number of residential properties with mortgages in a negative equity position in the first quarter of 2013 was approximately 9.7 million, down from 10.5 million in the fourth quarter of 2012. The percentage of properties with mortgages in a negative equity position in the first quarter of 2013 was 19.8%, down from 21.7% in the fourth quarter of 2012 and its peak of 25.7% reached in the fourth quarter of 2009.

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Thirty-year mortgage rates have increased substantially since early May. Thirty-year mortgage rates increased from 3.35% for the week of May 2nd to 4.51% for the week of July 11th, and declined slightly to 4.39% for the week of August 1st. See “Outlook—Overall Market Conditions” below for a description of our expectations regarding the impact of this increase in rates on mortgage originations.
During the second quarter of 2013, the multifamily sector benefited from ongoing demand for apartment rentals, albeit at a slightly slower pace than in the first quarter of 2013. Based on preliminary third-party data, both the estimated national multifamily vacancy rate and rental rate for institutional investment-type apartment properties improved during the second quarter of 2013. Multifamily vacancies declined to an estimated 5.10% as of June 30, 2013, compared with an estimated 5.25% as of March 31, 2013 and an estimated 5.50% as of December 31, 2012.
In addition, national asking rents increased by an estimated 0.5% during the second quarter of 2013. Continued demand for multifamily rental units is reflected in the estimated positive net absorption (that is, the net change in the number of occupied rental units during the time period) of nearly 32,000 units during the second quarter of 2013, according to preliminary data from Reis, Inc.
As a result of the continued demand for multifamily rental units over the past few years, there has been an increase in the amount of new multifamily construction development nationally. It is expected that there will be over 200,000 new multifamily units completed this year, according to the most recent data from McGraw Hill Construction. The bulk of this new supply is concentrated in about 10 metropolitan areas. As a result, multifamily fundamentals could be impacted in certain localized areas, producing a temporary slowdown in net absorption rates, occupancy levels, and effective rents later this year.
Outlook
Financial Results and Dividend Payments to Treasury. Our pre-tax income was $12.1 billion for the second quarter of 2013 and $20.2 billion for the first half of 2013. We expect to remain profitable for the foreseeable future. While we expect our annual earnings to remain strong over the next few years, our earnings may vary significantly from quarter to quarter due to many different factors, such as changes in interest rates or home prices. The estimated 5.9% increase in home prices on a national basis in the first half of the year contributed significantly to the record pre-tax income we reported for the second quarter and first half of 2013. As noted in “Home Prices” below, we expect a slower rate of home price growth in the second half of the year. For a discussion of our expectations regarding our future revenues, see “Strengthening Our Book of Business.”
In compliance with our dividend obligation to Treasury, we will retain only a limited amount of any future earnings because we must pay Treasury each quarter the amount, if any, by which our net worth as of the end of the immediately preceding fiscal quarter exceeds an applicable capital reserve amount. This capital reserve amount is $3.0 billion for each quarter of 2013 and decreases annually until it reaches zero in 2018.
One of our objectives is to pay taxpayers for their investment in our company. Through June 30, 2013, we have received a total of $116.1 billion under the senior preferred stock purchase agreement. This funding has provided us with the capital and liquidity needed to fulfill our mission of providing liquidity and support to the nation’s housing finance markets and to avoid a trigger of mandatory receivership under the Federal Housing Finance Regulatory Reform Act of 2008 (the “2008 Reform Act”). We have not received funds from Treasury under the agreement since the first quarter of 2012. Under the terms of the senior preferred stock purchase agreement, dividend payments cannot be used to offset prior Treasury draws, and we are not permitted to pay down draws we have made under the agreement except in limited circumstances. Accordingly, Treasury still maintains a liquidation preference of $117.1 billion on the senior preferred stock, even though we have paid $95.0 billion in dividends through June 30, 2013 and, with our dividend payment of $10.2 billion in the third quarter of 2013, we will have paid $105.3 billion in dividends. We expect that the amount of dividends we pay Treasury will exceed the amounts we have drawn.
Because we expect our annual earnings to remain strong over the next few years, in addition to dividend payments, we expect to make substantial federal income tax payments to Treasury going forward.
Overall Market Conditions. We expect that single-family mortgage loan delinquency and severity rates will continue their downward trend, but that single-family serious delinquency, default and severity rates will remain high compared with pre-housing crisis levels. Despite steady demand and stable fundamentals at the national level, the multifamily sector may continue to exhibit below average fundamentals in certain local markets and with certain properties. We expect the level of multifamily foreclosures for 2013 overall will generally remain commensurate with 2012 levels. Conditions may worsen if the unemployment rate increases on either a national or regional basis.

10



We believe that the recent increase in mortgage rates and expected further mortgage rate increases this year will result in a decline in overall single-family mortgage originations in 2013 as compared with 2012, driven by a decline in refinancings. We currently forecast that total originations in the U.S. single-family mortgage market in 2013 will decrease from 2012 levels by approximately 19%, from an estimated $2.03 trillion in 2012 to $1.65 trillion in 2013, and that the amount of originations in the U.S. single-family mortgage market that are refinancings will decrease from an estimated $1.48 trillion in 2012 to $1.03 trillion in 2013. In the second quarter of 2013, refinancings comprised approximately 75% of our single-family business volume, compared with approximately 83% in the first quarter of 2013 and approximately 79% for all of 2012.
Home Prices. Based on our home price index, we estimate that home prices on a national basis increased by an estimated 5.9% in the first half of 2013. We expect home prices will continue to increase on a national basis for the remainder of 2013; however, we expect a slower rate of home price growth in the second half of the year as compared with the first half of the year. Future home price changes may be very different from our expectations as a result of significant inherent uncertainty in the current market environment, including uncertainty about the effect of recent and future changes in mortgage rates; actions the federal government has taken and may take with respect to tax policies, spending cuts, mortgage finance programs and policies and housing finance reform; the management of the Federal Reserve’s MBS holdings; the impact of those actions on and changes generally in unemployment and the general economic and interest rate environment; and the impact on the U.S. economy of global economic conditions. We also expect significant regional variation in the timing and rate of home price growth.
Credit Losses. Our credit losses, which include our charge-offs, net of recoveries, reflect our realization of losses on our loans. We realize losses on loans, through our charge-offs, when foreclosure sales are completed or when we accept short sales or deeds-in-lieu of foreclosure. We expect our credit losses will decrease in the future as a result of the higher credit quality of our new book of business, the decrease in our legacy book and anticipated positive home price growth, which reduces the level of defaults we expect on our new book of business and our legacy book, and lowers severity at the time of charge off. However, we continue to expect our credit losses to remain elevated in 2013 relative to pre-housing crisis levels. In addition, to the extent the slow pace of foreclosures continues in the second half of 2013, our realization of some credit losses will be delayed.
Loss Reserves. Our total loss reserves were $53.1 billion as of June 30, 2013, down from $62.6 billion as of December 31, 2012 and their peak of $76.9 billion as of December 31, 2011. If delinquencies continue to trend downward and home prices continue to increase, we expect our loss reserves will continue to decline, but at a slower pace than in recent quarters due to our expectation that the pace of home price growth will slow. Although our loss reserves have declined substantially from their peak and are expected to decline further, we expect our loss reserves will remain significantly elevated relative to historical levels for an extended period because (1) we expect future defaults on loans that we acquired prior to 2009 and the resulting charge-offs will occur over a period of years and (2) a significant portion of our reserves represents concessions granted to borrowers upon modification of their loans and our reserves will continue to reflect these concessions until the loans are fully repaid or default.
Uncertainty Regarding our Future Status. There is significant uncertainty regarding the future of our company, including how long the company will continue to be in its current form, the extent of our role in the market, what form we will have, what ownership interest, if any, our current common and preferred stockholders will hold in us after the conservatorship is terminated and whether we will continue to exist following conservatorship. We expect this uncertainty to continue.
We cannot predict the prospects for the enactment, timing or content of legislative proposals regarding long-term reform of the GSEs. See “Business—Legislative and Regulatory Developments” in our 2012 Form 10-K and “Legislative and Regulatory Developments” in this report for discussions of proposals for GSE reform that could materially affect our business, including two bills introduced in Congress in recent months that, among other things, would require the wind down of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. See “Risk Factors” in our 2012 Form 10-K for a discussion of the risks to our business relating to the uncertain future of our company.
Factors that Could Cause Actual Results to be Materially Different from Our Estimates and Expectations. We present a number of estimates and expectations in this executive summary regarding our future performance, including estimates and expectations regarding our future financial results and profitability, our future dividend and income tax payments to Treasury, our future revenues, the profitability and performance of single-family loans we have acquired, our future acquisitions, our future delinquency, default and severity rates, our future credit losses and our future loss reserves. We also present a number of estimates and expectations in this executive summary regarding future housing market conditions, including expectations regarding future mortgage originations and future home prices. These estimates and expectations are forward-looking statements based on our current assumptions regarding numerous factors. Our future estimates of our performance and housing market conditions, as well as the actual results, may differ materially from our current estimates and expectations as a result of: the timing and level of, as well as regional variation in, home price changes; changes in interest rates,

11



unemployment rates and other macroeconomic and housing market variables; our future guaranty fee pricing and the impact of that pricing on our competitive environment; our future serious delinquency rates; future legislative or regulatory requirements that have a significant impact on our business, such as a requirement that we implement a principal forgiveness program; future updates to our models relating to our loss reserves, including the assumptions used by these models; future changes to our accounting policies relating to our loss reserves; significant changes in modification and foreclosure activity; changes in borrower behavior, such as an increasing number of underwater borrowers who strategically default on their mortgage loan; the effectiveness of our loss mitigation strategies, management of our REO inventory and pursuit of contractual remedies; whether our counterparties meet their obligations in full; resolution or settlement agreements we may enter into with our counterparties; changes in the fair value of our assets and liabilities; impairments of our assets; changes in generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”); credit availability; natural and other disasters; and other factors, including those discussed in “Forward-Looking Statements,” “Risk Factors” and elsewhere in this report and in our 2012 Form 10-K. Due to the large size of our guaranty book of business, even small changes in these factors could have a significant impact on our financial results for a particular period.
LEGISLATIVE AND REGULATORY DEVELOPMENTS
The information in this section updates and supplements information regarding legislative and regulatory developments set forth in “Business—Legislative and Regulatory Developments” and “Business—Our Charter and Regulation of Our Activities” in our 2012 Form 10-K and in “MD&A—Legislative and Regulatory Developments” in our quarterly report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2013 (“First Quarter 2013 Form 10-Q”). Also see “Risk Factors” in our 2012 Form 10-K for a discussion of risks relating to legislative and regulatory matters.
GSE Reform
Policymakers and others have focused significant attention in recent years on how to reform the nation’s housing finance system, including what role, if any, the GSEs should play. The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (the “Dodd-Frank Act”), which was signed into law in July 2010, calls for enactment of meaningful structural reforms of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. See “Business—Legislative and Regulatory Developments” in our 2012 Form 10-K and “MD&A—Legislative and Regulatory Developments” in our First Quarter 2013 Form 10-Q for a description of activities relating to GSE reform that occurred in 2011, 2012 and early 2013, including a description of: the Administration’s February 2011 report on GSE reform, which discusses potential options for a new long-term structure for the housing finance system following the wind down of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac; certain FHFA objectives for Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac included in its 2013 conservatorship scorecard that are designed to help build a new infrastructure for the secondary mortgage market and reduce the GSEs’ dominant presence in the marketplace while simplifying and shrinking our operations; and legislation introduced in the last congressional session relating to housing finance system reform and the GSEs.
On August 6, 2013, President Obama publicly discussed the Administration’s housing policy priorities, including a core principle that included winding down Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac through a responsible transition. In a paper released by the White House, the Administration endorsed several initiatives to facilitate this transition, including the reduction of Fannie Mae’s and Freddie Mac’s investment portfolios by at least 15% per year through 2018, engaging in credit risk transfer pilot programs and continuing the work to develop a common securitization platform.
Congress has continued to consider and take action relating to housing finance system reform and the GSEs during the current congressional session. For example:
In March 2013, the Senate passed an amendment to its budget resolution that makes it more difficult for Congress to require an increase in our guaranty fees to offset government spending.
In March 2013, the “Jumpstart GSE Reform Act” was introduced in the Senate. The bill would prohibit an increase in a GSE’s guaranty fees to offset spending unrelated to the business operations at the GSEs. The bill would also prohibit Treasury from disposing of its senior preferred stock of the GSEs until legislation has been enacted that includes specific instruction for its disposition.
In June 2013, the “Let the GSEs Pay Us Back Act of 2013” was introduced in the House of Representatives. This bill would require the amendment of Fannie Mae’s and Freddie Mac’s senior preferred stock purchase agreements with Treasury to:
terminate the dividends on the senior preferred stock;
treat the funds received by a GSE from Treasury under the agreement, both before and after the amendment, as a fully amortizing loan with a maturity of 30 years and an annual interest rate of 5%; and

12



credit the dividends previously paid by a GSE to Treasury on the senior preferred stock as payments of principal and interest under the loan.  
In June 2013, the “Housing Finance Reform and Taxpayer Protection Act of 2013” was introduced in the Senate with bi-partisan co-sponsors. Among other things, the bill would:
require the wind down of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. The companies’ charters would be repealed within five years of enactment (except for charter provisions relating to the rights of holders of the companies’ debt and MBS obligations) and the companies would then have no authority to conduct new business. A full faith and credit U.S. government guaranty would be extended to the companies’ then-outstanding debt and MBS obligations;
require that any proceeds from the wind down go first to Fannie Mae’s and Freddie Mac’s senior preferred shareholders, then preferred shareholders and then common shareholders, with the amount of proceeds to be paid to these shareholders to be determined by the U.S. government;
set requirements for the disposition of the functions, activities, infrastructure and property of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac; and
decrease conforming loan limits in high cost areas and require the gradual reduction of Fannie Mae’s and Freddie Mac’s retained mortgage portfolios.
In July 2013, the Financial Services Committee of the House of Representatives approved the “Protecting American Taxpayers and Homeowners Act of 2013.” Among other things, the bill would:
require FHFA to place Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac into receivership within five years of enactment, or potentially longer in certain circumstances. The companies’ charters would then be repealed (except for charter provisions relating to the rights of holders of the companies’ debt and MBS obligations) and the companies would then have no authority to conduct new business. A full faith and credit U.S. government guaranty would be extended to the companies’ then-outstanding debt and MBS obligations; and
place certain restrictions on Fannie Mae’s and Freddie Mac’s activities prior to being placed into receivership, including decreasing conforming loan limits in high cost areas, gradually reducing the size of Fannie Mae’s and Freddie Mac’s retained mortgage portfolios to $250 billion, likely requiring the companies to increase guaranty fees and requiring the companies to enter into additional risk sharing transactions to cover at least 10% of their new single-family business each year.
We expect Congress to continue to consider housing finance system reform in the current congressional session, including conducting hearings on GSE reform and considering legislation that would alter the housing finance system or the activities or operations of the GSEs. We cannot predict the prospects for the enactment, timing or content of legislative proposals regarding the future status of the GSEs.
Lawsuits Challenging the Senior Preferred Stock Purchase Agreements and Conservatorship
Several lawsuits have been filed in recent months by preferred and common stockholders of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac against the U.S. government and, in some cases, the Secretary of the Treasury and the Acting Director of FHFA challenging actions taken by Treasury and FHFA relating to the senior preferred stock purchase agreements and conservatorships of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. We are not a party to these lawsuits, except for the Cacciapelle, American European Insurance Company and Dennis suits described in “Note 17, Commitments and Contingencies.” The legal claims being advanced by these lawsuits include challenges to the net worth sweep provisions of the senior preferred stock, which were implemented pursuant to the third amendments to the senior preferred stock purchase agreements entered into in August 2012. These lawsuits seek various forms of relief, including monetary damages and injunctive relief nullifying the third amendments to the senior preferred stock purchase agreements. For a description of the third amendment to our senior preferred stock purchase agreement with Treasury, see our current report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on August 17, 2012. We cannot predict the course or the outcome of these lawsuits, or the actions the U.S. government (including Treasury or FHFA) may take in response to any ruling or finding in any of these lawsuits. Accordingly, we cannot predict what impact, if any, these lawsuits will have on our business.
Lawsuit Regarding the Housing Trust Fund
In July 2013, a lawsuit was filed against FHFA and the Acting Director of FHFA challenging FHFA’s decision to suspend Fannie Mae’s and Freddie Mac’s contributions to the Department of Housing and Urban Development’s (“HUD”) Housing Trust Fund. See “Legal Proceedings” for a description of this lawsuit and its potential impact on our financial results.

13



CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND ESTIMATES
The preparation of financial statements in accordance with GAAP requires management to make a number of judgments, estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets, liabilities, income and expenses in the condensed consolidated financial statements. Understanding our accounting policies and the extent to which we use management judgment and estimates in applying these policies is integral to understanding our financial statements. We describe our most significant accounting policies in “Note 1, Summary of Significant Accounting Policies” in this report and in our 2012 Form 10-K.
We evaluate our critical accounting estimates and judgments required by our policies on an ongoing basis and update them as necessary based on changing conditions. Management has discussed any significant changes in judgments and assumptions in applying our critical accounting policies with the Audit Committee of our Board of Directors. See “Risk Factors” in our 2012 Form 10-K for a discussion of the risks associated with the need for management to make judgments and estimates in applying our accounting policies and methods. We have identified four of our accounting policies as critical because they involve significant judgments and assumptions about highly complex and inherently uncertain matters, and the use of reasonably different estimates and assumptions could have a material impact on our reported results of operations or financial condition. These critical accounting policies and estimates are as follows:
•    Fair Value Measurement
•    Total Loss Reserves
•    Other-Than-Temporary Impairment of Investment Securities
•    Deferred Tax Assets
See “MD&A—Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates” in our 2012 Form 10-K for a detailed discussion of these critical accounting policies and estimates. We describe below significant changes in the judgments and assumptions we made during the first half of 2013 in applying our critical accounting policies and significant changes to our critical estimates.
Total Loss Reserves
Our total single-family and multifamily loss reserves consist of the following components:
    Allowance for loan losses;
    Allowance for accrued interest receivable;
    Reserve for guaranty losses; and
    Allowance for preforeclosure property tax and insurance receivable.
We continually monitor prepayment, default and loss severity trends and periodically make changes in our historically developed assumptions to better reflect present conditions of loan performance. In the second quarter of 2013, we updated the assumptions and data used to estimate our allowance for loan losses for individually impaired single-family loans based on current observable performance trends as well as future expectations of payment behavior. These updates reflect faster prepayment and lower default expectations for these loans primarily as a result of improvements in loan performance, in part due to increases in home prices. Increases in home prices reduce the mark-to-market loan-to-value (“LTV”) ratios on these loans and, as such, borrowers build equity. Faster prepayment and lower default expectations shortened the expected average life of modified loans which reduced the expected credit losses and lowered concessions on modified loans. This resulted in a decrease to our allowance for loan losses as of June 30, 2013 and an incremental benefit for credit losses of approximately $2.2 billion for the second quarter of 2013.
Deferred Tax Assets
We recognize deferred tax assets and liabilities for future tax consequences arising from differences between the carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities under GAAP and their respective tax bases, and for net operating loss carryforwards and tax credit carryforwards. We evaluate the recoverability of our deferred tax assets, weighing all positive and negative evidence, and are required to establish or maintain a valuation allowance for these assets if we determine that it is more likely than not that some or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. The weight given to the evidence is commensurate with the extent to which the evidence can be objectively verified. If negative evidence exists, positive evidence is necessary to support a conclusion that a valuation allowance is not needed.

14



Our framework for assessing the recoverability of deferred tax assets requires us to weigh all available evidence, including:
the sustainability of recent profitability required to realize the deferred tax assets;
whether or not there are cumulative net losses in our consolidated statements of operations in recent years;
unsettled circumstances that, if unfavorably resolved, would adversely affect future operations and profit levels on a continuing basis in future years; and
the carryforward periods for net operating losses and tax credits.
After weighing all of the evidence, we determined that the positive evidence in favor of releasing the valuation allowance, particularly the evidence that was objectively verifiable, outweighed the negative evidence against releasing the allowance as of March 31, 2013. Therefore, we concluded that it is more likely than not that our deferred tax assets, except the deferred tax assets relating to capital loss carryforwards, will be realized. As a result, we released the valuation allowance on our deferred tax assets as of March 31, 2013, except for amounts that will be released against income before federal income taxes for the remainder of the year. However, we retained $491 million of the valuation allowance that pertains to our capital loss carryforwards, which we believe will expire unused. We recognized a benefit for federal income taxes of $48.6 billion in our condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income in the first half of 2013 primarily due to the release of the valuation allowance.
The positive evidence that weighed in favor of releasing the allowance as of March 31, 2013 and ultimately outweighed the negative evidence against releasing the allowance was the following:
our profitability in 2012 and the first quarter of 2013 and our expectations regarding the sustainability of these profits;
our three-year cumulative income position as of March 31, 2013;
the strong credit profile of the loans we have acquired since 2009;
the significant size of our guaranty book of business and our contractual rights for future revenue from this book of business;
our taxable income for 2012 and our expectations regarding the likelihood of future taxable income; and
that our net operating loss carryforwards will not expire until 2030 through 2031 and we expect to utilize all of these carryforwards within the next few years.
As discussed in our 2012 Form 10-K in “MD&A—Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates—Deferred Tax Assets,” releasing all or a portion of the valuation allowance in any period after December 31, 2012 did not reduce the funding available to us under the senior preferred stock purchase agreement and therefore did not result in regulatory actions that would limit our business operations to ensure our safety and soundness. In addition, we transitioned from a three-year cumulative loss position over the three years ended December 31, 2012 to a three-year cumulative income position over the three years ended March 31, 2013. The change in these conditions during the first quarter of 2013 removed negative evidence that supported maintaining the valuation allowance against our net deferred tax assets as of December 31, 2012. The balance of our net deferred tax assets was $48.7 billion as of June 30, 2013 compared with net deferred tax liabilities of $509 million as of December 31, 2012.
We expect that the remaining valuation allowance not related to capital loss carryforwards will be reduced against income before federal income taxes throughout the remaining quarters of 2013 until that amount is reduced to zero as of December 31, 2013. The timing of the reduction of this remaining valuation allowance will be determined by our estimated income recognition for 2013.
Income before federal income taxes recorded in the remainder of 2013 may be greater or less than our estimate used for the first quarter of 2013. In the second quarter of 2013, we updated our estimate of income before federal income taxes for 2013 and determined it was greater than our estimate used as of March 31, 2013. Therefore, we recognized a provision for federal income taxes of $2.0 billion for the second quarter of 2013. For the first half of 2013, we recognized a benefit for federal income taxes of $48.6 billion. We did not recognize a benefit or provision for federal income taxes for the second quarter or first half of 2012. Starting in 2014, we expect that our effective tax rate will approach the statutory tax rate.

15



CONSOLIDATED RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
This section provides a discussion of our condensed consolidated results of operations for the periods indicated and should be read together with our condensed consolidated financial statements, including the accompanying notes.
Table 4 displays a summary of our condensed consolidated results of operations for the periods indicated.
Table 4: Summary of Condensed Consolidated Results of Operations
 
For the Three Months Ended
 
For the Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
 
June 30,
 
2013
 
2012
 
Variance
 
2013
 
2012
 
Variance
 
(Dollars in millions)
Net interest income
$
5,667

 
$
5,428

 
$
239

 
$
11,971

 
$
10,625

 
$
1,346

Fee and other income
485

 
395

 
90

 
1,053

 
770

 
283

Net revenues
6,152

 
5,823

 
329

 
13,024

 
11,395

 
1,629

Investment gains, net
290

 
131

 
159

 
408

 
247

 
161

Net other-than-temporary impairments
(6
)
 
(599
)
 
593

 
(15
)
 
(663
)
 
648

Fair value gains (losses), net
829

 
(2,449
)
 
3,278

 
1,663

 
(2,166
)
 
3,829

Administrative expenses
(626
)
 
(567
)
 
(59
)
 
(1,267
)
 
(1,131
)
 
(136
)
Credit-related income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Benefit for credit losses
5,383

 
3,041

 
2,342

 
6,340

 
1,041

 
5,299

Foreclosed property income (expense)
332

 
70

 
262

 
592

 
(269
)
 
861

Total credit-related income
5,715

 
3,111

 
2,604

 
6,932

 
772

 
6,160

Other non-interest expenses(1)
(274
)
 
(331
)
 
57

 
(551
)
 
(617
)
 
66

Income before federal income taxes
12,080

 
5,119

 
6,961

 
20,194

 
7,837

 
12,357

(Provision) benefit for federal income taxes
(1,985
)
 

 
(1,985
)
 
48,586

 

 
48,586

Net income
10,095

 
5,119

 
4,976

 
68,780

 
7,837

 
60,943

Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest
(11
)
 
(5
)
 
(6
)
 
(11
)
 
(4
)
 
(7
)
Net income attributable to Fannie Mae
$
10,084

 
$
5,114

 
$
4,970

 
$
68,769

 
$
7,833

 
$
60,936

Total comprehensive income attributable to Fannie Mae
$
10,250

 
$
5,442

 
$
4,808

 
$
69,589

 
$
8,523

 
$
61,066

__________
(1) 
Consists of debt extinguishment gains (losses), net and other expenses.
Net Interest Income
Table 5 displays an analysis of our net interest income, average balances, and related yields earned on assets and incurred on liabilities for the periods indicated. For most components of the average balances, we use a daily weighted average of amortized cost. When daily average balance information is not available, such as for mortgage loans, we use monthly averages. Table 6 displays the change in our net interest income between periods and the extent to which that variance is attributable to: (1) changes in the volume of our interest-earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities or (2) changes in the interest rates of these assets and liabilities.

16



Table 5: Analysis of Net Interest Income and Yield

For the Three Months Ended June 30,

2013
 
2012
 
Average
Balance
 
Interest
Income/
Expense
 
Average
Rates
Earned/Paid
 
Average
Balance
 
Interest
Income/
Expense
 
Average
Rates
Earned/Paid
 
(Dollars in millions)
Interest-earning assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mortgage loans of Fannie Mae
$
332,779

 
$
3,209

 
3.86
%
 
$
373,943

 
$
3,599

 
3.85
%
Mortgage loans of consolidated trusts
2,690,045

 
24,847

 
3.69
 
 
2,614,284

 
28,424

 
4.35
 
Total mortgage loans(1)
3,022,824

 
28,056

 
3.71
 
 
2,988,227

 
32,023

 
4.29
 
Mortgage-related securities
218,313

 
2,489

 
4.56
 
 
274,585

 
3,266

 
4.76
 
Elimination of Fannie Mae MBS held in retained mortgage portfolio
(140,139
)
 
(1,629
)
 
4.65
 
 
(177,235
)
 
(2,178
)
 
4.92
 
Total mortgage-related securities, net
78,174

 
860

 
4.40
 
 
97,350

 
1,088

 
4.47
 
Non-mortgage securities(2)
53,711

 
13

 
0.10
 
 
54,451

 
20

 
0.15
 
Federal funds sold and securities purchased under agreements to resell or similar arrangements
72,228

 
22

 
0.12
 
 
21,916

 
10

 
0.18
 
Advances to lenders
5,452

 
27

 
1.96
 
 
5,637

 
30

 
2.11
 
Total interest-earning assets
$
3,232,389

 
$
28,978

 
3.59
%
 
$
3,167,581

 
$
33,171

 
4.19
%
Interest-bearing liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Short-term debt(3)
$
105,098

 
$
36

 
0.14
%
 
$
89,820

 
$
30

 
0.13
%
Long-term debt
508,768

 
2,552

 
2.01
 
 
569,211

 
2,997

 
2.11
 
Total short-term and long-term funding debt
613,866

 
2,588

 
1.69
 
 
659,031

 
3,027

 
1.84
 
Debt securities of consolidated trusts
2,772,111

 
22,352

 
3.23
 
 
2,684,443

 
26,894

 
4.01
 
Elimination of Fannie Mae MBS held in retained mortgage portfolio
(140,139
)
 
(1,629
)
 
4.65
 
 
(177,235
)
 
(2,178
)
 
4.92
 
Total debt securities of consolidated trusts held by third parties
2,631,972

 
20,723

 
3.15
 
 
2,507,208

 
24,716

 
3.94
 
Total interest-bearing liabilities
$
3,245,838

 
$
23,311

 
2.87
%
 
$
3,166,239

 
$
27,743

 
3.50
%
Net interest income/net interest yield
 
 
$
5,667

 
0.70
%
 
 
 
$
5,428

 
0.69
%


17



  
For the Six Months Ended June 30,
  
2013
 
2012
  
Average
Balance
 
Interest
Income/
Expense
 
Average
Rates
Earned/Paid
  
Average
Balance
 
Interest
Income/
Expense
 
Average
Rates
Earned/Paid
  
(Dollars in Millions)
Interest-earning assets:
  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mortgage loans of Fannie Mae
$
339,209

 
$
7,039

  
4.15
%
  
$
375,983

  
$
7,168

  
3.81
%
Mortgage loans of consolidated trusts
2,679,643

 
50,241

  
3.75
 
  
2,605,744

  
57,425

  
4.41
 
Total mortgage loans(1)
3,018,852

 
57,280

  
3.79
 
  
2,981,727

  
64,593

  
4.33
 
Mortgage-related securities
227,310

 
5,172

  
4.55
 
  
281,518

  
6,724

  
4.78
 
Elimination of Fannie Mae MBS held in retained mortgage portfolio
(146,562
)
 
(3,426
)
  
4.68
 
  
(181,725
)
  
(4,483
)
  
4.93
 
Total mortgage-related securities, net
80,748

 
1,746

  
4.32
 
  
99,793

  
2,241

  
4.49
 
Non-mortgage securities(2)
48,325

 
26

  
0.11
 
  
61,693

  
43

  
0.14
 
Federal funds sold and securities purchased under agreements to resell or similar arrangements
71,023

 
49

  
0.14
 
  
29,701

  
23

  
0.15
 
Advances to lenders
5,767

 
57

  
1.97
 
  
5,343

  
55

  
2.04
 
Total interest-earning assets
$
3,224,715

 
$
59,158

  
3.67
%
  
$
3,178,257

  
$
66,955

  
4.21
%
Interest-bearing liabilities:
 
 
 
  
 
 
  
 
  
 
  
 
 
Short-term debt(3)
$
108,923

 
$
78

  
0.14
%
  
$
111,564

  
$
71

  
0.13
%
Long-term debt
511,339

 
5,227

  
2.04
 
  
573,683

  
6,182

  
2.16
 
Total short-term and long-term funding debt
620,262

 
5,305

  
1.71
 
  
685,247

  
6,253

  
1.82
 
Debt securities of consolidated trusts
2,763,662

 
45,308

  
3.28
 
  
2,673,505

  
54,560

  
4.08
 
Elimination of Fannie Mae MBS held in retained mortgage portfolio
(146,562
)
 
(3,426
)
  
4.68
 
  
(181,725
)
  
(4,483
)
  
4.93
 
Total debt securities of consolidated trusts held by third parties
2,617,100

 
41,882

  
3.20
 
  
2,491,780

  
50,077

  
4.02
 
Total interest-bearing liabilities
$
3,237,362

 
$
47,187

  
2.92
%
  
$
3,177,027

  
$
56,330

  
3.55
%
Net interest income/net interest yield
 
 
$
11,971

  
0.74
%
  
  
  
$
10,625

  
0.67
%

 
As of June 30,
 
2013
 
2012
Selected benchmark interest rates(4)
 
 
 
 
 
3-month LIBOR
0.27
%
 
0.46
%
2-year swap rate
0.51
 
 
0.55
 
5-year swap rate
1.57
 
 
0.97
 
30-year Fannie Mae MBS par coupon rate
3.32
 
 
2.57
 
__________
(1) 
Includes mortgage loans on nonaccrual status. Interest income on nonaccrual mortgage loans is recognized when cash is received.
(2) 
Includes cash equivalents.
(3) 
Includes federal funds purchased and securities sold under agreements to repurchase.
(4) 
Data from British Bankers’ Association, Thomson Reuters Indices and Bloomberg L.P.

18



Table 6: Rate/Volume Analysis of Changes in Net Interest Income
  
For the Three Months Ended
 
For the Six Months Ended
  
June 30, 2013 vs. 2012
 
June 30, 2013 vs. 2012
  
Total
 
Variance Due to:(1)
 
Total
 
Variance Due to:(1)
  
Variance
 
Volume
 
Rate
 
Variance
 
Volume
 
Rate
 
(Dollars in millions) 
Interest income:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mortgage loans of Fannie Mae
$
(390
)
 
$
(397
)
 
$
7

 
$
(129
)
 
$
(734
)
 
$
605

Mortgage loans of consolidated trusts
(3,577
)
 
804

 
(4,381
)
 
(7,184
)
 
1,590

 
(8,774
)
Total mortgage loans
(3,967
)
 
407

 
(4,374
)
 
(7,313
)
 
856

 
(8,169
)
Total mortgage-related securities, net
(228
)
 
(210
)
 
(18
)
 
(495
)
 
(414
)
 
(81
)
Non-mortgage securities(2)
(7
)
 

 
(7
)
 
(17
)
 
(8
)
 
(9
)
Federal funds sold and securities purchased under agreements to resell or similar arrangements
12

 
16

 
(4
)
 
26

 
29

 
(3
)
Advances to lenders
(3
)
 
(1
)
 
(2
)
 
2

 
4

 
(2
)
Total interest income
(4,193
)
 
212

 
(4,405
)
 
(7,797
)
 
467

 
(8,264
)
Interest expense:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Short-term debt(3)
6

 
5

 
1

 
7

 
(2
)
 
9

Long-term debt
(445
)
 
(308
)
 
(137
)
 
(955
)
 
(648
)
 
(307
)
Total short-term and long-term funding debt
(439
)
 
(303
)
 
(136
)
 
(948
)
 
(650
)
 
(298
)
Total debt securities of consolidated trusts held by third parties
(3,993
)
 
1,290

 
(5,283
)
 
(8,195
)
 
2,619

 
(10,814
)
Total interest expense
(4,432
)
 
987

 
(5,419
)
 
(9,143
)
 
1,969

 
(11,112
)
Net interest income
$
239

 
$
(775
)
 
$
1,014

 
$
1,346

 
$
(1,502
)
 
$
2,848

__________
(1) 
Combined rate/volume variances are allocated to both rate and volume based on the relative size of each variance.
(2) 
Includes cash equivalents.
(3) 
Includes federal funds purchased and securities sold under agreements to repurchase.
Net interest income increased in the second quarter and first half of 2013, compared with the second quarter and first half of 2012, primarily due to accelerated net amortization income on loans and debt of consolidated trusts, lower interest expense on funding debt, a reduction in the amount of interest income not recognized for nonaccrual mortgage loans, and higher guaranty fees. These factors were partially offset by lower interest income on mortgage loans and securities held in our retained mortgage portfolio. The primary drivers of these changes were:
accelerated net amortization income related to mortgage loans and debt of consolidated trusts driven by a high volume of prepayments due to continued low interest rates;
higher interest income recognized on mortgage loans due to a reduction in the amount of interest income not recognized for nonaccrual mortgage loans. The balance of nonaccrual loans in our condensed consolidated balance sheet declined as we continued to complete a high number of loan workouts and foreclosures, and fewer loans became seriously delinquent;
higher guaranty fees, primarily due to an average increase of 10 basis points implemented during the fourth quarter of 2012 and the 10 basis point increase related to the TCCA, which increased guaranty fees on all single-family residential mortgages delivered to Fannie Mae starting on April 1, 2012. The incremental TCCA-related guaranty fees are remitted to Treasury and recorded in “Other expenses” in our condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income; and
lower interest income on mortgage loans and securities held in our retained mortgage portfolio due to lower mortgage rates and a decrease in their average balance, as we continued to reduce our retained mortgage portfolio pursuant to the requirements of the senior preferred stock purchase agreement. This decrease in interest income was partially offset by lower interest expense on funding debt due to lower borrowing rates and funding needs, which allowed us to continue to replace higher-cost debt with lower-cost debt.

19



Additionally, in the first quarter of 2013 we recognized higher interest income on mortgage loans of Fannie Mae as a result of our resolution agreement with Bank of America. Upon settlement of the resolution agreement, the basis adjustments on the loans repurchased by Bank of America were recognized into interest income.
We amortize cost basis adjustments, including premiums and discounts on mortgage loans and securities, as a yield adjustment over the contractual or estimated life of the loan or security as a component of net interest income. Net unamortized premiums on debt of consolidated trusts exceeded net unamortized premiums on the related mortgage loans by $22.3 billion as of June 30, 2013, compared with $16.8 billion as of December 31, 2012. This net premium position represents deferred revenue which is amortized within net interest income. This deferred revenue primarily relates to upfront fees we receive from lenders in lieu of charging a higher guaranty fee for loans with greater credit risk and upfront payments we receive from lenders to adjust the monthly contractual guaranty fee rate on a Fannie Mae MBS so that the pass-through coupon rate on the MBS is in a more easily tradable increment of a whole or half percent. The increase in net unamortized premiums from December 31, 2012 to June 30, 2013 is primarily due to continued high refinancing volumes with higher upfront fees.
We had $14.9 billion in net unamortized discounts and other cost basis adjustments on mortgage loans of Fannie Mae included in our condensed consolidated balance sheets as of June 30, 2013 compared with $15.8 billion as of December 31, 2012. These discounts and other cost basis adjustments were primarily recorded upon the acquisition of credit-impaired loans and the extent to which we may record them as income in future periods will be based on the actual performance of the loans.
Table 7 displays the interest income not recognized for loans on nonaccrual status and the resulting reduction in our net interest yield on total interest earning assets for the periods indicated.
Table 7: Impact of Nonaccrual Loans on Net Interest Income
 
For the Three Months Ended June 30,
 
For the Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
 
Interest Income Not Recognized for Nonaccrual Loans(1)
 
Reduction in Net Interest Yield(2)
 
Interest Income Not Recognized for Nonaccrual Loans(1)
 
Reduction in Net Interest Yield(2)
 
Interest Income Not Recognized for Nonaccrual Loans(1)
 
Reduction in Net Interest Yield(2)
 
Interest Income Not Recognized for Nonaccrual Loans(1)
 
Reduction in Net Interest Yield(2)
 
(Dollars in millions) 
Mortgage loans of Fannie Mae
 
$
(633
)
 
 
 
  
 
 
$
(896
)
 
 
 
  
 
 
$
(1,284
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
(1,878
)
 
 
 
 
Mortgage loans of consolidated trusts
 
(85
)
 
 
 
  
 
 
(147
)
 
 
 
  
 
 
(197
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
(327
)
 
 
 
 
Total mortgage loans
 
$
(718
)
 
 
(9
)
bps
 
 
$
(1,043
)
 
 
(13
)
bps
 
 
$
(1,481
)
 
 
(9
)
bps
 
 
$
(2,205
)
 
 
(14
)
bps
__________
(1) 
Amount includes cash received for loans on nonaccrual status.
(2) 
Calculated based on annualized interest income not recognized divided by total interest-earning assets, expressed in basis points.
For a discussion of the interest income from the assets we have purchased and the interest expense from the debt we have issued, see the discussion of our Capital Markets group’s net interest income in “Business Segment Results.”
Fee and Other Income
Fee and other income includes transaction fees, technology fees, multifamily fees and other miscellaneous income. Fee and other income increased in the second quarter of 2013 compared with the second quarter of 2012 primarily as a result of a legal settlement related to certain private-label securities recognized in the second quarter of 2013. Fee and other income increased in the first half of 2013 compared with the first half of 2012 primarily as a result of higher yield maintenance fees related to large multifamily loan prepayments in the first half of 2013.
Other-Than-Temporary Impairment of Investment Securities
Net other-than-temporary impairments decreased in the second quarter and first half of 2013 compared with the second quarter and first half of 2012 primarily due to an update to the assumptions used to project cash flow estimates on our Alt-A and subprime private-label securities in 2012, which resulted in a significant decrease in the net present value of projected cash flows. We updated our assumptions due to observable market trends, including extending the time it takes to liquidate the loans and increasing loss severity rates for loans where the servicers stopped advancing payments.

20



Fair Value Gains (Losses), Net
Table 8 displays the components of our fair value gains and losses.
Table 8: Fair Value Gains (Losses), Net

For the Three Months Ended June 30,
 
For the Six Months Ended June 30,

2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012

(Dollars in millions)
Risk management derivatives fair value gains (losses) attributable to:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net contractual interest expense accruals on interest rate swaps
$
(181
)
 
$
(391
)
 
$
(381
)
 
$
(765
)
Net change in fair value during the period
872

 
(1,430
)
 
1,503

 
(877
)
Total risk management derivatives fair value gains (losses), net
691

 
(1,821
)
 
1,122

 
(1,642
)
Mortgage commitment derivatives fair value gains (losses), net
497

 
(562
)
 
628

 
(767
)
Total derivatives fair value gains (losses), net
1,188

 
(2,383
)
 
1,750

 
(2,409
)
Trading securities (losses) gains, net
(228
)
 
(14
)
 
168

 
270

Other, net(1)
(131
)
 
(52
)
 
(255
)
 
(27
)
Fair value gains (losses), net
$
829

 
$
(2,449
)
 
$
1,663

 
$
(2,166
)
  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
2013
 
2012
5-year swap rate:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
As of January 1
 
 
 
 
0.86
%
 
1.22
%
As of March 31 
 
 
 
 
0.95
%
 
1.27
%
As of June 30 
 
 
 
 
1.57
%
 
0.97
%
__________
(1) 
Consists of debt fair value gains (losses), net; debt foreign exchange gains (losses), net; and mortgage loans fair value gains (losses), net.
Risk Management Derivatives Fair Value Gains (Losses), Net
Risk management derivative instruments are an integral part of our interest rate risk management strategy. We supplement our issuance of debt securities with derivative instruments to further reduce duration risk, which includes prepayment risk. We recognized risk management derivative fair value gains in the second quarter and first half of 2013 primarily as a result of increases in the fair value of our pay-fixed derivatives due to increases in swap rates during the periods. We recognized risk management derivatives fair value losses in the second quarter and first half of 2012 primarily as a result of decreases in the fair value of our pay-fixed derivatives due to decreases in swap rates during the periods.
We present, by derivative instrument type, the fair value gains and losses, net on our derivatives for the three and six months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012 in “Note 9, Derivative Instruments.”
Mortgage Commitment Derivatives Fair Value Gains (Losses), Net
We recognized fair value gains on our mortgage commitments in the second quarter and first half of 2013 primarily due to gains on commitments to sell mortgage-related securities as a result of a decrease in prices as interest rates increased during the commitment period. We recognized fair value losses on our mortgage commitments in the second quarter and first half of 2012 primarily due to losses on commitments to sell mortgage-related securities as a result of an increase in prices as interest rates decreased during the commitment period. 
Trading Securities (Losses) Gains, Net
Losses from trading securities in the second quarter of 2013 were primarily driven by lower prices on commercial mortgage-backed securities (“CMBS”) due to a widening of credit spreads and higher interest rates. Gains from trading securities in the first half of 2013 were primarily driven by gains from higher prices on Alt-A and subprime private label securities, due to the narrowing of credit spreads on these securities as well as improvements in the credit outlook of certain financial guarantors of

21



these securities in the first quarter of 2013. These gains were partially offset by the losses on CMBS in the second quarter of 2013.
Losses from trading securities in the second quarter of 2012 were primarily driven by the widening of credit spreads on CMBS. Gains from trading securities in the first half of 2012 were primarily due to the narrowing of credit spreads on CMBS in the first quarter of 2012, partially offset by the widening of credit spreads in the second quarter of 2012.
Credit-Related Income
We refer to our benefit for loan losses and provision for guaranty losses collectively as our “benefit for credit losses.” Credit-related income consists of our benefit for credit losses and foreclosed property (income) expense.
Benefit for Credit Losses
Our total loss reserves provide for an estimate of credit losses incurred in our guaranty book of business, including concessions we granted borrowers upon modification of their loans, as of each balance sheet date. We establish our loss reserves through our provision for credit losses for losses that we believe have been incurred and will eventually be reflected over time in our charge-offs. When we reduce our loss reserves, we record a benefit for credit losses. When we determine that a loan is uncollectible, typically upon foreclosure, we record a charge-off against our loss reserves. We record recoveries of previously charged-off amounts as a reduction to charge-offs.
Table 9 displays the components of our total loss reserves and our total fair value losses previously recognized on loans purchased out of unconsolidated MBS trusts reflected in our condensed consolidated balance sheets. Because these fair value losses lowered our recorded loan balances, we have fewer inherent losses in our guaranty book of business and consequently require lower total loss reserves. For these reasons, we consider these fair value losses as an “effective reserve,” apart from our total loss reserves, to the extent that we expect to realize these amounts as credit losses on the acquired loans in the future. The fair value losses shown in Table 9 represent credit losses we expect to realize in the future or amounts that will eventually be recovered, either through net interest income for loans that cure or through foreclosed property income for loans where the sale of the collateral exceeds our recorded investment in the loan. We exclude these fair value losses from our credit loss calculation as described in “Credit Loss Performance Metrics.”
Table 9: Total Loss Reserves

As of

June 30,
2013
 
December 31, 2012

 
(Dollars in millions)
 
Allowance for loan losses
 
$
49,643

 
 
 
$
58,795

 
Reserve for guaranty losses(1)
 
1,230

 
 
 
1,231

 
Combined loss reserves
 
50,873

 
 
 
60,026

 
Allowance for accrued interest receivable
 
1,379

 
 
 
1,737

 
Allowance for preforeclosure property taxes and insurance receivable(2)
 
849

 
 
 
866

 
Total loss reserves
 
53,101

 
 
 
62,629

 
Fair value losses previously recognized on acquired credit-impaired loans(3)
 
12,206

 
 
 
13,694

 
Total loss reserves and fair value losses previously recognized on acquired credit-impaired loans
 
$
65,307

 
 
 
$
76,323

 
__________
(1) 
Amount included in “Other liabilities” in our condensed consolidated balance sheets.
(2) 
Amount included in “Other assets” in our condensed consolidated balance sheets.
(3) 
Represents the fair value losses on loans purchased out of unconsolidated MBS trusts reflected in our condensed consolidated balance sheets.
Table 10 displays changes in the total allowance for loan losses, reserve for guaranty losses and the total combined loss reserves for the periods indicated.

22



Table 10: Allowance for Loan Losses and Reserve for Guaranty Losses (Combined Loss Reserves)

For the Three Months Ended June 30,
 
For the Six Months Ended June 30,

2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012

(Dollars in millions)
Changes in combined loss reserves:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Allowance for loan losses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Beginning balance
$
56,461

 
$
70,109

 
$
58,795

 
$
72,156

Benefit for loan losses
(5,449
)
 
(3,387
)
 
(6,433
)
 
(1,407
)
Charge-offs(1)
(2,218
)
 
(3,991
)
 
(4,938
)
 
(8,787
)
Recoveries
572

 
485

 
1,844

 
971

Other(2)
277

 
159

 
375

 
442

Ending balance
$
49,643

 
$
63,375

 
$
49,643

 
$
63,375

Reserve for guaranty losses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Beginning balance
$
1,203

 
$
997

 
$
1,231

 
$
994

Provision for guaranty losses
66

 
346

 
93

 
366

Charge-offs
(39
)
 
(49
)
 
(95
)
 
(100
)
Recoveries

 
26

 
1

 
60

Ending balance
$
1,230

 
$
1,320

 
$
1,230

 
$
1,320

Combined loss reserves:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Beginning balance
$
57,664

 
$
71,106

 
$
60,026

 
$
73,150

Total benefit for credit losses
(5,383
)
 
(3,041
)
 
(6,340
)
 
(1,041
)
Charge-offs(1)
(2,257
)
 
(4,040
)
 
(5,033
)
 
(8,887
)
Recoveries
572

 
511

 
1,845

 
1,031

Other(2)
277

 
159

 
375

 
442

Ending balance
$
50,873

 
$
64,695

 
$
50,873

 
$
64,695